An Introduction to the Passage of Energetic Particles through Matter: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

An Introduction to the Passage of Energetic Particles through Matter

1st Edition

By N.J Carron

CRC Press

384 pages | 199 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780750309356
pub: 2006-11-10
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pub: 2006-11-10
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Description

Identifying where to access data, extracting a needed subset from available resources, and knowing how to interpret the format in which data are presented can be time-consuming tasks for scientists and engineers. By collecting all of this information and providing a background in physics, An Introduction to the Passage of Energetic Particles through Matter enables specialists and nonspecialists alike to understand and apply the data.

Making modern data more accessible, this book explores the interactions with matter of energetic particles, including photons, electrons, protons, alpha particles, and neutrons. It presents quantities of interest in many applications, such as photon and neutron cross sections, charged particle stopping powers, electron mean ranges, and angular distributions. The book also discusses electron multiple scattering and models for electron mean range against both stopping power and scattering. The author uses numerous graphs throughout the book to illustrate the material and describes the basic physics underlying all processes. The accompanying CD-ROM includes full datasets and large color contour graphs of cross sections, stopping powers, and ranges in all elements at all interesting energies.

Compiling information that is scattered throughout the literature, An Introduction to the Passage of Energetic Particles through Matter provides a comprehensive foundation of particle interactions that is of prime importance to many areas of applied physics and supplies an introduction to the massive, invaluable Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF) library.

Reviews

"An Introduction to the Passage of Energetic Particles through Matter by N.J. Carron is a promising source book for ‘Knowing where to access [cross-section data], extracting a needed subset from all that is available, knowing how to interpret the format in which it is presented, can be time-consuming tasks… It seemed worthwhile to collect in one place as much of these often needed data as possible, together with enough background physics so the reader can feel comfortable applying them, having some understanding of where they come from and why they have the order of magnitude they have. The idea is to make up-to-date data available and understandable to non-specialists. The book and its accompanying data CD and contour plots are intended to be a working reference for scientists and engineers in industry, educational institutions, and laboratories, providing ready access to useful data. We have also tried to digest the data in the form of useful graphs, showing dependencies over a wide range of the independent variable(s), allowing quick approximations of a quantity. And it was decided to include much of the numerical data on a CD-ROM included with the book.’ These seem excellent reasons for a book such as this, which has chapters on photons, electrons, protons and heavier ions and on ‘Selected topics on neutron interactions’ …."

—P.W. Hawkes in Ultramicroscopy 108 (2008)

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Background

Charged vs. Neutral Particles

Terminology

Distribution Function and Flux

Reaction Rates in Planar and Omnidirectional Fluxes

Energy Spectrum and Spectral Fluence

References

PHOTONS

Long Wavelengths

Short Wavelengths

Photon Interactions

Photoelectric Absorption

Coherent Rayleigh Scattering

Compton Scattering

Pair Production

Total Photon Cross Sections

Attenuation and Energy Deposited in Target Material

Electron Flux from Photon Flux—The “1% Rule”

Dosimetric Quantities for Gammas and X-Rays

Sources of Cross Section Data

Large Contour Plots

Data on the CD-ROM

References

ELECTRONS

Introduction

Elastic Scattering of an Electron from an Atom

Inelastic Scattering of an Electron from an Atom

Electron Energy Loss

Collisional Energy Loss

Radiative Energy Loss

Total Energy Loss and Mean Range against Total Stopping Power

Multiple Angular Scattering

Cross Sections in Selected Elements

Electrons in Low Pressure Air

Large Contour Plots

Data on the CD-ROM

References

PROTONS AND HEAVIER IONS

Background

Principal Results of Ion Stopping Power Theory

Ion Stopping Power in Compounds

Proton and Alpha Particle Stopping Power in Selected Materials

Proton–Nucleus Elastic Scattering

Large Contour Plots

References

SELECTED TOPICS ON NEUTRON INTERACTIONS

Introduction

Neutron Energy and Reaction Nomenclature

Good Neutron Absorbers

The Case of Gd157

Cross Section Dependence on Target Temperature

Neutrons in Silicon

Neutron Lifetime in Air

Neutron Cross Sections in Selected Isotopes

References

APPENDICES

Useful Constants and Defined Units

Useful Internet Web Sites

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI051000
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics