Animation: A World History : Volume II: The Birth of a Style - The Three Markets book cover
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Animation: A World History
Volume II: The Birth of a Style - The Three Markets





ISBN 9781138035324
Published November 28, 2016 by Routledge
464 Pages

 
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Book Description

A continuation of 1994’s groundbreaking Cartoons, Giannalberto Bendazzi’s Animation: A World History is the largest, deepest, most comprehensive text of its kind, based on the idea that animation is an art form that deserves its own place in scholarship. Bendazzi delves beyond just Disney, offering readers glimpses into the animation of Russia, Africa, Latin America, and other often-neglected areas and introducing over fifty previously undiscovered artists. Full of first-hand, never before investigated, and elsewhere unavailable information, Animation: A World History encompasses the history of animation production on every continent over the span of three centuries.

Volume II delves into the decades following the Golden Age, an uncertain time when television series were overshadowing feature films, art was heavily influenced by the Cold War, and new technologies began to emerge that threatened the traditional methods of animation. Take part in the turmoil of the 1950s through 90s as American animation began to lose its momentum and the advent of television created a global interest in the art form. With a wealth of new research, hundreds of photographs and film stills, and an easy-to-navigate organization, this book is essential reading for all serious students of animation history.

 

Key Features

  • Over 200 high quality head shots and film stills to add visual reference to your research
  • Detailed information on hundreds of never-before researched animators and films
  • Coverage of animation from more than 90 countries and every major region of the world
  • Chronological and geographical organization for quick access to the information you’re looking for

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

The fourth Period is short and runs from 1951 (date of projection of the UPA short Gerald McBoing Boing) to 1960, the date of the first international animation film festival (Annecy, France). It is characterized by indecision. Disney and his imitators lost momentum, the UPA proposed a new style, the television age began, and an original animation output was born in Europe. We'll christen it The Birth of a Style (1951 1960).

AMERICA

Culture

Almighty and suspicious

Gerald McBoing Boing

UPA

Pete Burness

Robert Cannon

John Hubley

Theory from practice

The galaxy

Walt Disney

Warner Bros.

Chuck Jones

Michael Maltese

The resurgence of Terrytoons

Walter Lantz’s Oasis

MGM’s cat and mouse

From Fleischer to Famous

Bunin’s puppets

TELEVISION 101

TV and American animation

Jay Ward

TV and animated commercials

The West Coast Experimental film movement

Jordan Belson

Harry Smith, heaven and earth magician

The Enigma of Hy Hirsh

The Canadian Phenomenon

Norman McLaren

EUROPE

WESTERN EUROPE

Great Britain

John David Wilson

John Halas

France

Grimault and the stories from the front

Ladislas Starewitch and the feature film

Germany

Federal Republic of Germany

Austria

Switzerland

Denmark

Kaj Pindal

Bent Barfod

Norway

Finland

Italy

Portugal

Greece

EASTERN EUROPE

Czechoslovakia and puppets

Hermína Týrlová

Karel Zeman

Jiří Trnka

The Music of the Puppets

Poland

Hungary

Yugoslavia: the first stage of the Zagreb School

Croatia

Bulgaria

Romania

SOVIET UNION

Russia

Ivan Ivanov-Vano

Lithuania

Georgia

ASIA

Japan

Toei Doga’s start-up

Praiseworthy people

Mori Yasuji

Otogi Pro

Experiments

China

LATIN AMERICA

Mexico

Venezuela

Brazil

Argentina

AFRICA

South African Republic

THE THREE MARKETS

Global Stability

It seemed such an easy game

Animation forks

AMERICA

On the big screen - Shorts

On the big screen – Feature films

Stephen Bosustow

A Cat in the Heavy Traffic

Ray Harryhausen

On the small screen

Weston Woods, from book to film

Independent filmmakers

Ernest Pintoff

Jane Aaron

John Canemaker

George Griffin

Those talented inventive people

John and Faith Hubley

Will Vinton

Fine Artists for Animation

Jules Engel

Robert Breer

John Whitney

James Whitney

Lawrence Jordan

People not to overlook

Stan Van der Beek

Canada

The National Film Board goes to Heaven

Pierre Hébert

Vancouver & Co.

Caroline Leaf

Ishu Patel

Frédéric Back

Western EUROPE

Cartoon EU

Clusters of studios

New technologies

The pre-production

CARTOON FORUM

The CARTOON D'OR

CARTOON MOVIE

Western Europe: The New Generation

Great Britain: the good years

Alison De Vere

The Quay Brothers

Young Aardman & Co.

George Dunning

Yellow Submarine

Richard Williams

Bob Godfrey

Ireland

Aidan Hickey

Jimmy Murakami

France: from craftsmanship to ambition

Other French animators

Jean-François Laguionie

Piotr Kamler

Walerian Borowczyk

Peter Földes

The roaring 1980s

Belgium

Raoul Servais

The Netherlands

Børge Ring

Paul Driessen

West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany)

Wolfgang Urchs

Helmut Herbst

Franz Winzentsen

The 1980s

Curt Linda

Jan Lenica

Switzerland

Austria

Italy: allegro non troppo

Bruno Bozzetto

Gianini and Luzzati

Osvaldo Cavandoli

Guido Manuli

Manfredo Manfredi

Cioni Carpi

Greece

Spain

Francisco Macián

The Entertainment Companies

The Independents

Portugal

Artur Correia

Ricardo Neto

More talents

Denmark

Lejf Marcussen

Jannik Hastrup

Norway

Sweden: growth

Finland: reserved and serene

Iceland

EASTERN EUROPE

German Democratic Republic

Underground Animation Films

Czechoslovakia: Trnka’s heirs

Jiří Brdečka

The Horse Opera

Břetislav Pojar

Jan Švankmajer

Besides the masters

Slovakia

Poland: the poetry of pessimism

Mirosław Kijowicz

Daniel Szczechura

Stefan Schabenbeck

Ryzsard Czekała

Experiments, craftmanship and sarcasm

Hungary

Yugoslavia: the new Zagreb School

Tomica Simović, animating the orchestra

Nedeljko Dragić

Zlatko Grgić

Borivoj Dovniković

Igor Savin, animating the synthesizer

Zlatko Bourek

Ante Zaninović

Marks & Jutriša

Pavao Štalter

Zdenko Gašparović

Joško Marušić

Other Artists

Beyond Zagreb

Slovenia

Serbia

Nikola Majdak produced

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Macedonia

Albania

Bulgaria

Romania

Soviet Union I

Russia

Thaw

Acclaim

Stagnation

The best animation ever

Stagnation after Stagnation

Quality hatches at Soyuzmultfilm

Anatoly Karanovich

Roman Kachanov

At long last Cheburashka

Anatoly Petrov

Boris Stepantsev

Nikolay Serebriakov

Ivan Ufimtsev

Vadim Kurchevsky

Gennady Sokolsky

Leonid Nosyrev

Stanislav Sokolov

Ideya Garanina

Nina Shorina

And many, many more

Multtelefilm, Soyuzmultfilm’s competitor

Aida Zyabliakova

Anatoly Solin

Fedor Khitruk

Eduard Nazarov

Garri Bardin

Andrei Khrzhanovsky

Yuri Norstein

Francesca Yarbusova

The Old and the New

Perestroika

Soviet Union II

Ukraine

1960 -1963 the stage of formation

1964-1967 creative searches

Creative upraise (1968 -1984)

1985-1991. Perestroika (the rebuilding).

Moldova

Belarus

Lithuania

Latvia

Arnolds Burovs

More puppeteers

Starting from cut-outs

Šmerlis

Estonia

Georgia

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Uzbekistan

The puppets of the 1960s

One decade later

The heyday

Kazakhstan

Amen Khaidarov

Kyrgyzstan

Trial of strength (1977-1980)

Art-houses and fairy tales (1981-1987)

The triumph of art-houses (1987-1990)

Tajikistan

ASIA

Israel

Turkey

Iraq

And Sesame opened

Iran

Japan

Japanese Television

Astro Boy and the beginning of TV animation

Tezuka Osamu

Mushi Productions

Tezuka Productions

Studio Tatsunoko

A Production/Shin’ei Doga

Toei’s fortunes

Animeshon sannin no kai

Kuri Yoji

Animation Vs Art Video

Puppet Animation

Kawamoto Kihachiro

The Tokusatsu factor

The anime boom in the West

Before the anime boom

In Europe

In the United States

The ten champions

UFO Robo Grendizer

Mazinger Z

Uchu senkan Yamato

Kagaku ninja tai Gatchaman

Uchu kaizoku Captain Harlock

Candy Candy

Kido senshi Gundam

Versailles no bara

Urusei yatsura

Captain Tsubasa

Anime

Otaku

The Original Anime Video

Collaborations

The Crisis of the Mid 1980s

Akira and the End of the Decade

China

Vietnam

India

The Films Division

Limited animation

The private studios

Animation Education

Personal films

The Black Decade

Sri Lanka

Indonesia

Thailand

Taiwan

Mongolia

Singapore

Malaysia

The Philippines

Hong Kong

North Korea

South Korea

AFRICA

Egypt

Tunisia

Algeria

Senegal

Mali

Niger

Burkina Faso

Liberia

Ivory Coast

Ghana

Togo

Cameroon

Zaire

Burundi

Zambia

Mauritius

Mozambique

South African Republic

The SABC Animation Unit

Alternative Animation Commissioned for South African Television (1976-1988)

Dave McKey Animation Services

Annie-Mation Studios

Glenn Coppens Cartoons

LATIN AMERICA

Mexico

Costa Rica

Cuba

Nicaragua

Colombia

Venezuela

Peru

Bolivia

Jesús Pérez

Brazil

Uruguay

Argentina

Chile

OCEANIA

Australia

Yoram Gross

Independent filmmakers

Avant-garde animation

Harry Reade

New Zealand

ISSUES

Computers and animation

Those masters’ voices

...
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Author(s)

Biography

A former professor at the Nanyang Technological University of Singapore and the Università degli Studi of Milan, Italian-born Giannalberto Bendazzi has been thoroughly investigating the history of animation for more than forty years. A founding member of the Society for Animation Studies, he authored or edited various classics in various languages, and has lectured extensively on every continent.