Eschatology played a central role in both politics and society throughout the early modern period. It inspired people to strive for social and political change, including sometimes by violent means, and prompted in return strong reactions against their religious activism. From the fifteenth to the eighteenth century, numerous apocalyptical and messianic movements came to the fore across Eurasia and North Africa, raising questions about possible interconnections.
Why were eschatological movements so pervasive in early modern times? This volume provides some answers to this question by exploring the interconnected histories of confessions and religions from Moscow to Cusco. It offers a broad picture of Christian and, to a lesser extent, Jewish and Islamic eschatological movements from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century, thereby bridging important and long-standing gaps in the historiography.
Apocalypse Now will appeal to both researchers and students of the history of early modern religion and politics in the Christian, Jewish and Islamic worlds. By exploring connections between numerous eschatological movements, it gives a fresh insight into one of the most promising fields of European and global history.
1. Táborite Revolutionary Apocalypticism: Mapping Influences and Divergences
2. Heretical Eschatology and Its Impact on Radical Reformation Movements: The Flagellants of Thuringia in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, Thomas Müntzer, and the Anabaptists
3. Terror, War and Reformation: Ivan the Terrible in the Age of Apocalypticism
4. A Messiah from the Left Side
5. Millenarian News and Connected Spaces in 17th-Century Europe
6. Carvajal and the Franciscans: Jewish-Christian Eschatological Expectations in a New World Setting
7. Kabbalistic Influences on "Pietistic" Millenarian Expectations: Philipp Jakob Spener’s (1635–1705) Eschatological View Between Scripture and Christian Kabbalah
8. Everyday Apocalypse: Russian and Jewish "Sects" at the End of the Eighteenth Century
9. Margins of the Encubierto: The Messianic Kings’ Tradition in the Iberian World (15th–17th Centuries)
Claudio César Rizzuto
10. Mirror Images: Imperial Eschatology and Interreligious Transfer in Seventeenth-Century Greek Orthodoxy
11. Restorers of the Divine Law: Native American Revolts in the New World, Christianity, and the Quest for Purity in the Age of Revolution
Catherine Ballériaux, in collaboration with Damien Tricoire