During the years before his death in 1918 Apollinaire’s reputation as poet and artistic animateur approached legendary proportions. This book is the first to present an extensive reassessment of Apollinaire’s role in the promotion of themes and iconography amongst his painter friends. Detailed analysis of the poetic subject matter of selected works of Dufy, Delaunay, de Chirico, Laurencin, Marcoussis, Metzinger, Picabia and Picasso is used to reconstruct the responses of these artists to Apollinaire’s artistic and aesthetic proclivities. Drawing attention to the poet’s immersion in the art and iconography of the French late-Renaissance and the seventeenth century, Adrian Hicken shows that the study of the permeation of Apollinairean and Orphic imagery in the work of artists with very different personalities presents a fascinating and pivotal episode in the history of Parisian modernism.
Contents: Preface; Introduction: La ville Lumière: Apollinaire in Paris; Hermeticism and occult tendencies within Parisian avant-gardes; Cubism, Orphism and four-dimensional speculations; Orphic surnaturalisme; Apollinaire's Humanistic Orphism (1908-1912): The library of the poet: humanisme; Orpheus: the permeation of Apollinairean themes before 1912; Delaunay: La ville de Paris (1912); Towards an Orphic programme for the Arts (1913-1914): Le pigeonnier: the circle of Apollinaire; The burgeoning of Apollinairean themes and motifs; Gloire au poète; some emblematic celebrations of the Orphic poet; The expansion of Orphic themes: Chagall: Paris through the window (1913-14); De Chirico: The Song of Love; Excursus: Apollinaire, Picabia and Culture physique; The Song of Love: conclusion; Chagall's Hommage Ã Apollinaire (1913-14): The chronology and circumstances of production; a homage to Apollinaire and an emblem of Orphic international avant-gardism; De Chirico's homage to Apollinaire: Le portrait prémonitoire de Guillaume Apollinaire (1914); Postscript: Evangelical Still-Life (1917); Post mortem: Apollinaire's legacy; Appendix I; Appendix II; Bibliography; Index.