Application of Systemic-Structural Activity Theory to Design and Training: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Application of Systemic-Structural Activity Theory to Design and Training

1st Edition

By Gregory Z. Bedny

CRC Press

447 pages | 47 B/W Illus.

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Description

This book offers analytical methods for studying human work in ergonomics and psychology that are similar to ones utilized by the engineering sciences. SSAT offers not only new qualitative but also formalized and quantitative methods of analysis. This book will describe quantitative methods of task complexity and reliability assessment, application of queuing theory, etc. The book will also present new data in the area of efficiency of labor force and its evaluation.

Reviews

"The book overcomes the traditional separation between cognition, behavior, and motivation using a systemic approach to the analysis of human work activity. The new approach enables a more user-friendly design of tasks in HCI and ergonomic design of complex human–machine systems such as operation of automatic or semiautomatic systems. … The authors did an outstanding job."

—Helmut Strasser, Ergonomics Division Siegen University/Germany

"… presents a new systemic view based on activity theory to a very challenging multi-dimensional field. … The theory presented in the book is put into practice and can be used also by practitioners in different fields."

—Jussi Kantola Professor, University of Vaasa, Finland

Table of Contents

OVERVIEW OF THE BASIC CONCEPTS IN ACTIVITY THEORY

Activity Theory and the Vector Motive → Goal as Its Basic Concept

General, Applied, and Systemic-Structural Activity Theory: Historical Overview

Study of Predictive Mechanisms in Activity Theory

Goal Concept in Systemic-Structural Activity Theory

Goal and Motivation in Activity Theory

Vector Motive → Goal and Brain Functioning

Neuropsychological Mechanisms of Attention and Goal-Directed Activity

Relationship between Goal and Motives from Neuropsychological Perspectives

Concept of Task from the Systemic-Structural Activity Theory Perspective

Task Structure and Its Basic Characteristics

Computer-Based Tasks in Production and Nonproduction Environments

Structure of Production and Operational-Monitoring Processes

Basic Concepts and Terminology: Comparative Analysis

Analysis of the Basic Terminology in Activity Theory

Activity and Embodied Cognition Theories: Comparative Analysis

Task Description/Identification versus Hierarchical Task Analysis

TRAINING AND DESIGN

Knowledge and Skill Acquisition as a Self-Regulative Process

Self-Regulative Concept of Learning and Training

Introduction to the Learning Curve Analysis

Analysis of Changes in the Structure of Skills during the Acquisition Process

Analysis of the Acquisition Process in Learning by Observation

Acquisition Process in Computer-Based Task Analysis

Introduction to Ergonomic Design

Basic Characteristics of the Design Process

Concept of Self-Regulation in Task Analysis

Description and Classification of Cognitive and Behavioral Actions

Morphological Analysis of Work Activity

Algorithmic Description of Activity and Task Analysis

Algorithmic Description of Tasks in Automated and Semiautomated Systems

Time Structure Analysis of Activity during Task Performance

Design and Time Study

Time Study as an Important Aspect of Ergonomic Design

Pace of Performance and Time Study

Pace Formation Process and Mechanisms of Activity Self-Regulation

Pace Regulation and Task Complexity

Error Analysis

Error Analysis and Design

Error Analysis in Man-Machine Systems

Error Prevention and Training

Application of Queuing Theory to Human Error Analysis

TASK COMPLEXITY EVALUATION

Complexity, Difficulty, and Intensity of Work

Job Evaluation and Complexity of Work

Complexity and Difficulty as Basic Characteristics of Task

Theoretical Principles of Complexity Measurement

Informational and Energetic Components of Complexity

Review of Some Methods of Task Complexity Measurement

Units of Measurement and Formalized Procedures of Complexity Evaluation

Quantitative Assessment of Task Complexity

Measures of Task Complexity

Complexity Evaluation of Production Operations

Quantitative Complexity Evaluation of Tasks at the Stage of Automation

Complexity Evaluation and Variability of Task Performance

Formalized Methods and Complexity Evaluation in the Analysis of Task Safety

Conclusion

Bibliography

About the Author

Gregory Bedny presently resides in Wayne, NJ. He works as a Research Associate at Evolute, Inc. in Louisville, Kentucky. He is an American citizen who emigrated from the former Soviet where he earned his Doctorate Degree (PhD) in Industrial Organizational Psychology from the Educational University of Moscow and a Post-Doctorate Degree (ScD) in Experimental Psychology from the Institute of General and Educational Psychology, National Pedagogical Academy of Science of USSR. He also is Academician of the International Academy of Human Problems in Aviation and Astronautics in Russia and Honorary Doctorate in Science, Ukrainian State University. For his achievements in psychology he has been awarded the Medal of the Ukrainian National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences. He is the author of five original scholarly books, the latest of which were published in USA. The first one was co-authors with Dr David Meister in the US in 1997. This book published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. The second book was co-authored with Dr. Karwowski in the US in 2007. This book published by Taylor and Francis Group. He also is the co-editor of two books published by Taylor and Francis Group in 2008 and 2011. He was invited editor of journal Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, V-5, #3, 2004. In former Soviet Union he worked as Industrial Engineer of Food Processing Machinery Factory, Industrial Psychologist in Industrial Research and Consulting Institute. After receiving his doctorate degrees he worked as associate and then full professor in Construction Engineering State University, in Marines Postgraduate School (part time), Pedagogical University in Odessa, Ukraine. He is author of different textbooks for universities in former Soviet Union. Dr Bedny has been conducting research on general and systemic-structural activity theory for the past 25 years. Systemic-structural activity theory is high level generality theory from which derived unified and standardize methods of study human work. He is the author of multiple articles in this field. He applied his theoretical study in field of human-computer interaction, manufacturing, merchant marines, robots systems, work motivation, training, reducing fatigue etc.

About the Series

Ergonomics Design & Mgmt. Theory & Applications

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COM079010
COMPUTERS / Social Aspects / Human-Computer Interaction
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety