Applications of Biophotonics and Nanobiomaterials in Biomedical Engineering: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Applications of Biophotonics and Nanobiomaterials in Biomedical Engineering

1st Edition

By Mohammad E. Khosroshahi

CRC Press

500 pages | 28 Color Illus. | 308 B/W Illus.

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Description

This book provides a link between different disciplines of nanophysics, biophotonics, nanobiomaterials & applications of nanobiophotonics in biomedical research and engineering. The fundamentals of light, matter, nanobiomaterials & nanophysics are discussed together, and relevant applications in biomedical engineering as well as other related factors influencing the interaction process are explicated. Theoretical and experimental research is combined, emphasizing the influence of crucial common factors on applications.

Table of Contents

LIGHT AND MATTER

Basics of Quantum Physics

Language and knowledge

Causality and chance

Fundamentals of classical mechanics

Conceptual quantum physics

Ordinary Light

The nature and properties of ordinary light

Properties of chaotic light

A brief review of Fourier analysis

Fourier analysis and chaotic light

Spontaneous emission

Laser Basics

Introduction

Quantum theory of radiation

Structure and principles

Properties of laser light

Line broadening mechanisms

Origin of chaotic properties of laser light

Table of some laser systems

Matter

The structure and properties of matter

Mesoscopic forces

Free electrons in solids

NANOBIOPHOTONICS: BIOPHOTONICS AND NANOTECHNOLOGY

Fundamentals of Biology and Thermodynamics

Introductory biological concepts

Thermodynamics basics

Statistical mechanics and microstates

Biologicalcomplexity, chaos and fractal

Thermodynamics of cancer cells

A note on the philosophy of biological system

Biophotonics

Some definitions

Fundamentals of tissue optical properties and light transport

Laser-tissue interaction mechanisms

Laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy

Laser-induced plasma breakdown spectroscopy

Nanotechnology

Introduction

Limitations and effects of small size

Material properties at nanoscale

NANOBIOMATERIALS

Biomaterials and surface modification

Introduction

Surface modification of biomaterials

Some examples of laser surface modification

Nanomaterials

Introduction

Iron-oxides

Metallic nanostructures

Polymeric

Dendrimers

Quantum dots

Upconversion nanoparticles

Nanotoxicity

NANOMEDICINE: APPLICATIONS OF BIOPHOTONICS AND NANOBIOMATERIALS

Laser-Tissue Soldering

Introduction

Application of albumin protein and indocyanine green chromophore for tissue soldering using IR diode laser: Ex-vivo and in-vivo studies

An in-vitro investigation of skin tissue soldering using gold nanoshells and diode laser

Enhanced laser tissue soldering using indocyanine green chromophore and gold nanoshells combination

Drug Delivery

Introduction

Evaluation of drug release from PLGA nanospheres containing bethametsone

Dynamic study of PLGA/CS nanoparticles delivery containing drug model into phantom tissue using CO2 laser for clinical applications

Early experimental results of thrombolysis using controlled release of tissue plasminogen activator encapsulated by PLGA/CS nanoparticles delivered by pulse 532 nm laser

Fabrication and characterization of magnetoplasmonic liposome carriers

Theranostic: Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy

Introduction

Theranostic nanomaterials

Hyperthermia

Applications

Biomedical imaging

Introduction

Single, multimodal imaging systems and contrast agents

Imaging agents and multifunctionality

Fluorescence microscopy (FM)

Photoacoustic (PA) and thermoacoustic (TA) imaging

Photoacoustic monitoring

Contrast-enhanced photoacoustic imaging

About the Author

Professor Mohammad E. Khosroshahi received his Ph.D. degree in Applied Physics (Application of Lasers in Medicine) from Hull University (UK) in 1993, M.Sc in Analytical Physics from Swansea University (UK) in 1989 and B.Sc in Applied Physics and Electronics from Lancaster University (UK) in 1987. He joined the Biomaterial and Tissue Engineering group of Faculty of Biomedical Engineering at Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT) in Tehran where he is a Full Professor. He has been the Director of AUT Laser and Optics Research Center, Associate Dean of Research, Chair of Biomaterial Group, and Editor-in Chief of Iran Journal of Medical Laser. In 2013, he joined University of Toronto, Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering (MIE) as a Visiting Professor working on ‘’Contrast-enhanced photoacoustic imaging of cancer’’. His main research interests are: Biomedical optics, Nanobiophotonics, Nanostructures, Theranostic, Targeted drug delivery, Targeted laser cancer hyperthermia, Multifunctional photoacoustic drug delivery and bioimaging, Nanoferrofluidics, Biological chaos and Cancer thermodynamics. Professor Khosroshahi is member of Editorial Board of Journal of Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology, Fellow member of Institute of Nanotechnology, member of Canadian Association of Physics, Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society, American Association of Science &Technology, Optical Society of America and SPIE. He is author of 2 books, co-author of 2 book chapters, and has published over 85 peer reviewed papers in international journals and more than 100 conference papers. Recently he has been associated with the Center for Advanced Diffusion-Wave and Photoacoustic Technologies (CADIPT) in MIE where he is currently teaching Application of Lasers in Engineering at graduate level. His research activities in the CADIPT encompass the development of an advanced nanoparticle-enhanced photoacoustic radar technology for early breast cancer tomographic imaging. Currently, Professor Khosroshahi is Director of Nanobiophotonics and Biomedical R&D Center at MIS-Electronics, Toronto.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED009000
MEDICAL / Biotechnology
SCI010000
SCIENCE / Biotechnology
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics