Applied Natural Science: Environmental Issues and Global Perspectives provides the reader with a complete insight into the natural-scientific pattern of the world, covering the most important historical stages of the development of various areas of science, methods of natural-scientific research, general scientific and philosophical concepts, and the fundamental laws of nature. The book analyzes the main scientific trends and developments of modern natural science and also discusses important aspects of environmental protection.
- The problem of "the two cultures": the mathematization of natural sciences and the informatization of society
- The non-linear nature of the processes occurring in nature and society
- Application of the second law of thermodynamics to describe the development of biological systems
- Global problems of the biosphere
- Theory and practice of stable organic paramagnetic materials
- Polymers and the natural environment
Key features include:
- An interdisciplinary approach in considering scientific and technical problems
- A discussion of general scientific trends in modern natural science, including globalization challenges in nature and society, the organic chemistry of stable paramagnetic materials, the fundamentals of the environmental chemistry of polymeric materials, etc.
- A justification of applying classical (non-equilibrium) thermodynamics to studying the behavior of open (including biological) systems
Of particular importance in the book is the discussion of some problems associated with the place of man in the biosphere, issues of the globalization of science and technology, new ideas about the universe, and the concept of universal evolutionism. At the same time, the book discusses more specific issues related to solving major global and regional environmental problems (particularities of organic paramagnetic materials, the influence of polymers on the man and environment, etc). All this leads to the fundamental conclusion of the unity of animate and inanimate nature, as well as improvement of the process of cognition of the real world, which consists in objective and natural changing of world views.
The book is intended for professors, teachers, and students of classical and technological universities who are interested in the development of the foundations of modern natural sciences, as well as for professionals working in the field of chemical physics and applied ecology.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Interrelationship Between Natural-Scientific Knowledge and Human Knowledge. Some General Trends in the Development of Modern Natural Sciences. Role of Mathematics on Solving Scientific and Practical Tasks of Modern Natural Sciences.The Application of Thermodynamics to the Open Systems. Global Problems in the Biospheric Studies. Phenomenon of the Logistic Equation as a Basic Model for Describing Global Processes in Society. Theory and Practices of Organic Paramagnetics. Problems of Environmental Pollution with Polymers. Polymers and Human Environment. Index.
Mark D. Goldfein, PhD, DSc, is currently head of the Chair of Environmental Protection and Life Safety, Biological Faculty, Saratov State University (SSU) in Saratov, Russia. He has authored more than 300 educational and research papers and several textbooks and monographs in the field of chemical physics, the physic-chemistry of polymers, ecology, environmental protection, and life safety. He also holds 20 patents. He studied at Saratov State University (SSU) named after N.G. Chernyshevsky.
Alexey V. Ivanov, PhD, is currently a professor and dean of the Faculty of Ecology and Service at Saratov State Technical University in Saratov, Russia. He has authored over 300 scientific papers, 20 monographs, and 15 textbooks in the field of geology, ecology, paleontology, and global processes in nature and society. He graduated from Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky with a PhD in geology and mineralogy.