In bringing the concepts and methods of philosophy to bear on specific, pressing, practical concerns, applied philosophy is the modern expression of a perennial concern: to understand, in part to control, and to come to terms with the conditions in which human life is to be lived. Originally published in 1991 and written by distinguished philosophers and academics from Europe, the USA and Australia, the essays collected in this volume examine subjects of continued concern and debate, such as the environment, personal relationships, terrorism and medicine. The contributions were originally published in the Journal of Applied Philosophy.
Part 1: The Environment 1. Moral Reasoning About the Environment R. M. Hare 2. On Reasoning Morally About the Environment – Response to R. M. Hare Donald Hill 3. Original Populations and Environmental Rights Timo Airaksinen 4. Are There Intrinsic Values in Nature? 5. A Critique of Deep Ecology William Grey 6. A Critique of Deep Ecology? Response to William Grey Alan R. Drengson Part 2: Personal Relationships 7. Human Bonds Brenda Almond 8. Parental Rights Edgar Page 9. Against Couples Paul Gregory 10. Love and Lust Revisited: Intentionality, Homosexuality and Moral Education J. Martin Stafford Part 3: Terrorism, War and Conflict 11. Terrorism and Morality Haig Khatchadourian 12. Area Bombing, Terrorism and the Death of Innocents Gerry Wallace 13. Extraordinary Evil or Common Malevolence? Evaluating the Jewish Holocaust Douglas P. Lackey 14. Response to Douglas P. Lackey M. Križan 15. Osckar Schindler and Moral Theory M. W. Jackson 16. The Case for Pacifism Richard Norman Part 4: Justice and Equality 17. Equity as an Economic Objective Julian Le Grand 18. The Concept, and Conceptions, of Justice Antony Flew 19. Welfare versus Welfare Society? Anthony Skillen 20. Market Equality and Social Freedom Martin Hollis 21. Paternalism and the Criminal Law Richard Tur Part 5: Ethics and Medicine 22. Thinking Critically in Medicine and its Ethics: Relating Applied Science and Applied Ethics Daniel A. Moros, Rosamond Rhodes, Bernard Baumrin & James J. Strain 23. Public Bodies, Private Selves Sandra E. Marshall 24. Donation, Surrogacy and Adoption Edgar Page 25. Gifts of Gametes: Reflections About Surrogacy – Comment on Page Jennifer Trusted 26. The Market for Bodily Parts: Kant and Duties to Oneself Ruth F. Chadwick 27. A Fortnight of My Life is Missing: A Discussion of the Status of the Human Pre-Embryo Alan Holland 28. Defining Death Alister Browne