For the previous 6 years before publication, Office of Naval Research (ONR) had been conducting a thematically oriented contract research program aimed, in large part, at developing the kind of broad theoretical framework necessary for a workable process interpretation of aptitude, learning, and performance. Originally published in 1980, the papers in this collection are generally addressed to three broad areas that were central to those interests of the ONR Personnel and Training Research Programs. One area is concerned with individual differences information processing, as revealed in simple laboratory or psychometric tests. The second area focuses on the structural aspects of learning and performance, using tools and concepts from semantic memory theory to describe what is learned and how it is learned. And the third area is aimed at the management of instruction: It addresses itself to the kinds of research and instructional designs required for effective implementation of adaptive instruction.
Foreword. Acknowledgements. 14. Some Examples of Cognitive Task Analysis with Instructional Implications James G. Greeno 15. An Elaborative Conception of Learner Differences William D. Rohwer, Jr. 16. Event-Related Potentials: Approaches to Cognitive Psychology Emmanuel Donchin and Jack B. Isreal 17. Discussion: Process Analyses of Learning and Problem Solving Henry M. Halff 18. Planning Nets: A Representation for Formalizing Analogies and Semantic Models of Procedural Skills Kurt VanLehn and John Seely Brown 19. A Theory-Based Approach to the Study of Individual Differences in Mental Imagery Stephen M. Kosslyn and Pierre Jolicoeur 20. Multiple Conceptual Models of a Complex System Albert L. Stevens and Allan Collins 21. Complex Learning Processes John R. Anderson, Paul J. Kline and Charles M. Beasley, Jr. 22. Discussion: Teaching, Learning, and the Representation of Knowledge Donald A. Norman 23. Models of Concept Formation Richard B. Millward 24. Learning Theory, Instructional Theory, and Adaptation Thomas J. Shuell 25. Discussion: Coordinating Research Topics With Instructional Requirements William E. Montague 26. General Discussion: Relationships Between Aptitude, Learning, and Instruction Robert Glaser. Author Index. Subject Index.