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Archaeology of Logic



  • Available for pre-order on April 21, 2023. Item will ship after May 12, 2023
ISBN 9781032327341
May 12, 2023 Forthcoming by CRC Press
440 Pages 10 Color & 8 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Around the third millennium B.C. in the Fertile Crescent, a world-system with a single world-economy, covering very vast regions, began to form. Mesopotamia became the center of this world-system. This was possible due to the development of common commercial law and logical competence there. The expansion of the world-economy during the Silk Road period from the 4th century B.C. to the early 5th century A.D. across various countries of Eurasia was accompanied by the spread of logical competence, first formed in Mesopotamia, as a mechanism of legal hermeneutics to draw logical conclusions without fallacies. This competence was simultaneously comprehended in different cultures connected by the Great Silk Road – in ancient Greek logic (4th – 2nd centuries B.C.); ancient Chinese proto-logic (5th – 2nd centuries B.C.); Judaic logical hermeneutics (1st – 2nd centuries A.D.); and in Indian-Buddhist logic (2nd – 6th centuries A.D.).

The book analyzes the emergence of logic and its spread and early forms of its reflection. Consequently, logical competence is seen not as an innate ability, but as a social practice first established in Mesopotamia. Logic as a science became possible only after the development of logical competence as an accepted social practice. On the other hand, this view is a non-Marxist assessment of the early form of the world-system, centered on international law and logical competence, which made the world-economy and international trade then possible.

Table of Contents

Introduction. Philosophical and Methodological Foundations for Studying the History of Logic of Various Religious and Philosophical Schools. Some Ways of Discovering the Logical Competence in Social Practices. Conditions and Reasons for the Emergence of Logical Competence in the Sumerian-Akkadian Culture. Directions of the Development of Logical Competence in the Hellenistic Period, which Covered the Cultures of Greece, the Middle East and North India. Some Prospects for the Practical Application of the Theory of Logical Competence in the Modern Legal Culture. Conclusion.

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Author(s)

Biography

Andrew Schumann has a PhD from the Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus. His was a senior lecturer from 2001 to 2004 at the Department of Philosophy, European Humanities University, Minsk, Belarus. He was a senior lecturer, associate professor from 2004 to 2011 at the Department of Philosophy and Methodology of Science, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus. He served as an associate professor at the Department of Social Sciences, University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow from 2011-2014. Since 2016 he has been Head of the Department of Cognitive Science, University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow. Dr Schumann has participated in the project Physarum Chip: Growing Computers from Slime Mould supported by the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-ICT-2011-8). The main objectives are to design and fabricate a distributed biomorphic computing device built and operated by slime mould Physarum polycephalum. A Physarum chip is a network of processing elements made of the slime mould’s protoplasmic tubes coated with conductive substances; the network is populated by living slime mould. A living network of protoplasmic tubes acts as an active non-linear transducer of information, while templates of tubes coated with conductor act as fast information channels.