Archaeology of Pacific Oceania: Inhabiting a Sea of Islands, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Archaeology of Pacific Oceania

Inhabiting a Sea of Islands, 1st Edition

By Mike Carson

Routledge

386 pages

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Description

This book integrates a region-wide chronological narrative of the archaeology of Pacific Oceania. How and why did this vast sea of islands, covering nearly one-third of the world’s surface, come to be inhabited over the last several millennia, transcending significant change in ecology, demography, and society? What can any or all of the thousands of islands offer as ideal model systems toward comprehending globally significant issues of human-environment relations and coping with changing circumstances of natural and cultural history? A new synthesis of Pacific Oceanic archaeology addresses these questions, based largely on the author’s investigations throughout the diverse region.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: RESEARCH THEMES IN PACIFIC OCEANIC ARCHAEOLOGY

Defining Pacific Oceania

Islands as Laboratories, Microcosms, and Model Systems

Human-environment Relations

Human Migrations

Trade and Exchange

Coasts and Islands

Landscapes and Seascapes

Structure of This Book

References

 

CHAPTER 2 REGIONAL CONTEXT AND PERSPECTIVES

Geological Processes: Earth and Ocean

Climate and Weather Patterns: More than the Humid Tropics

Plant and Animal Communities: Natural and Human-mediated

Historical Contexts

Linguistic Histories

Genetics Lineages

Role of Archaeology

References

 

CHAPTER 3: SUBSTANCE AND SCOPE OF PACIFIC OCEANIC ARCHAEOLOGY

Range of Materials and Questions

Framework of Cultural Chronologies

References

 

CHAPTER 4: HUNTER-GATHERER TRADITIONS IN THE WESTERN ASIA-PACIFIC REGION

Expedient Chipped Tools

Edge-grinding and Other Formal Developments

Microliths and Small Flaked Stone Tool Traditions

Stemmed Tools

Adzes

Plant Foods

Animal Life

Burial Practice

Patterns of Resource Use

References

 

CHAPTER 5: FOLLOWING THE ASIA-PACIFIC POTTERY TRAIL, 4000 THROUGH 800 B.C.

Perspectives and Scales of Origins

Pottery as a Diagnostic Element of an Archaeological Horizon

Possible Early Pottery in Borneo

Coastal China

Taiwan

Philippines

Indonesia

Mariana Islands

Bismarck Archipelago

Southern Melanesia and West Polynesia

New Guinea

Palau

Tracking the Pottery Trail

References

 

CHAPTER 6: FIRST CONTACT WITH THE REMOTE OCEANIC ENVIRONMENT: THE MARIANA ISLANDS AT 1500 B.C.

Earliest Marianas Sites

Migration and Settlement Process

Successful Settlement and Viability

Situating Earliest Marianas Settlement in the Asia-Pacific Region

References

 

CHAPTER 7: A SIEGE OF ECOLOGICAL IMPERIALISM: LAPITA INVASIONS, 1100 THROUGH 800 B.C.

Meaning of Lapita?

Linguistic Perspective

Human Biology and Genetics

Transported Landscapes

Lapita Contemporaries

References

 

CHAPTER 8: THE END OF AN ERA: ADJUSTING TO CHANGING COASTLINES, 1100 THROUGH 500 B.C.

Coastal Morphologies and Ecologies

Shifting Contexts in Nature and Society

References

 

CHAPTER 9: A BROAD-SPECTRUM REVOLUTION? 500 B.C. THROUGH A.D. 100

Ecological Zones in Large and Small Islands

Roles of Fishing, Foraging, and Farming

Sustainability, Resilience, and Collapse

References

 

CHAPTER 10: THE ATOLL HIGHWAY OF MICRONESIA, A.D. 100 THROUGH 500

Early Site Contexts

Inter-island Connectivity

Contributions of Micronesia in Pacific-wide Voyaging

References

 

CHAPTER 11: ETHNOGENESIS AND POLYGENESIS, A.D. 500 THROUGH 1000

The Dying Art of Pottery and Other Cultural Transformations

Changing House Forms and Settlement Systems

References

 

CHAPTER 12: AN A.D. 1000 EVENT? FORMALIZATION OF CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS

Monuments and Monumental Traditions

Indexing and Profiling Monumentality

Stonework Villages

Everlasting Burials

Religious Complexes and Components

Linking Lands and Lineages

Climate Stability and Instability

References

 

CHAPTER 13: EXPANSION AND INTENSIFICATION, A.D. 1000 THROUGH 1800

Processes of Expansion and Intensification

Expanding to the Margins of Pacific Oceania

Field Systems

Animal Foods

Interaction and Exchange Networks

Population Growth and Climate Change

Making and Re-making Chiefdoms

Warfare

Inside and Outside a Globalized Economy

References

 

CHAPTER 14: LIVING WITH THE PAST: LIFE, LORE, AND LANDSCAPE IN PACIFIC OCEANIA

Overview of Trends and Patterns

Long-term Continuity and Transformation

Future Directions of Enhancing Archaeological Values

References

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About the Author

Mike T. Carson (Ph.D. in Anthropology, Unviersity of Hawai‘i, 2002) has investigated the broad geographic range and chronological scope of archaeological landscapes throughout the Asia-Pacific region. He currently is Associate Professor of Archaeology at the Richard F. Taitano Micronesian Area Research Center at the University of Guam, and he is co-editor of Asian Perspectives: The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific.

About the Series

Routledge World Archaeology

The Routledge World Archaeology series provides up-to-date surveys of key areas of the world. The volumes are intended to support students wishing to study the archaeology of these important regions for the first time. However, by including the latest research and discoveries the books will also be of interest to scholars and professional archaeologists. The Routledge World Archaeology series details in a clear and approachable fashion the wonder of archaeological findings and interpretation from around the globe.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC003000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Archaeology