1st Edition

Arctic Ecological Research from Microwave Satellite Observations




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ISBN 9780415269650
Published March 29, 2004 by CRC Press
248 Pages - 96 B/W Illustrations

USD $195.00

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Book Description

Active (imaging radar) and passive (radiometer) microwave systems are increasingly used for Arctic ecological research. Unfortunately, until now ecologists interested in remote sensing often lacked access to the full suite of physical and analytical techniques of microwave systems, data processing, and ecological applications because a suitable reference book did not exist.

Arctic Ecological Research from Microwave Satellite Observations answers this demand by summarizing the main microwave satellite applications for Arctic ecological research. This book is invaluable to specialists with a background in microwave techniques, as well as to other ecologists interested in applications of microwave active and passive remote sensing for tundra, boreal forest, and Arctic sea-ice habitat and marine mammal studies.

It presents a brief introduction to Arctic ecological problems, the role of satellite sensing for monitoring Arctic ecosystems, and related data processing applications. The volume then examines results of Arctic sea-ice habitat studies using OKEAN-01 satellite data, then provides a comparative analysis of multisensor satellite monitoring of habitat using OKEAN-01, SSM/I and AVHRR satellite instruments. It also describes the evaluation of relative information content of ALMAZ-1, ERS-1, JERS-1 SAR, and Landsat-TM data for identifying wet tundra habitats. The book concludes with results of sensitive boreal forest type detection to monitor potential impacts of climate change on boreal forest structure.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO ARCTIC ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH AND MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING
Arctic Ecological Problems and Remote Sensing
Elements of Microwave Remote Sensing
Elements of Imaging Radar Satellite Systems
Elements of Passive Microwave Satellite Systems
Elements of Microwave Data Inversion, Classification and Applications
Conclusion

RUSSIAN MICROWAVE SATELLITES: MAIN MISSIONS, CHARACTERISTICS AND APPLICATIONS
A Brief Review of the Main National and International Microwave Satellite
Systems
Evolution of Russian Microwave Satellites
KOSMOS-OKEAN Satellite Series
ALMAZ Satellite Series
Conclusion

ARCTIC MARINE MAMMAL SEA ICE HABITAT STUDIES USING ACTIVE AND PASSIVE MICROWAVE SATELLITE DATA
Introduction
Study Area
Data
Structure of Data Processing System
Estimating Sea Ice Habitat Parameters
Estimating the Sea Ice Habitat's Integrated Information Content
Scheduling of Satellite Image Acquiring
Results
Discussion

INVESTIGATING VARIABILITY IN ARCTIC SEA ICE DISTRIBUTION USING OKEAN AND ALMAZ SAR SATELLITE DATA
Introduction
Study Area
Data
Methods
Results
Conclusion

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF OKEAN-01, SSM/I AND AVHRR SATELLITE DATA FOR MONITORING OF ARCTIC SEA ICE HABITAT
Introduction
Study Area
Data Description
Satellite Data Processing
Results
Conclusion

BOREAL FOREST HABITAT STUDIES USING OKEAN-01 SATELLITE DATA
Introduction
Study Area
Data
Mapping Boreal Forest Vegetation
Some Results
Improvement of Boreal Forest Classification Using a Minimum Loss
Function Criteria
Conclusion

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF ALMAZ-1 SAR, ERS-1 SAR, JERS-1 SAR AND LANDSAT-TM SATELLITE DATA FOR TUNDRA HABITAT STUDIES
Introduction
Study Area
Satellite Data
Ground Data
Satellite-Derived Map
Results
Conclusion

DEPENDENCE BETWEEN SAR DATA FOCUSING PARAMETERS AND EFFICIENCY OF DISCRIMINATING TUNDRA HABITAT
Introduction
Basic Focusing Algorithm
Focusing Algorithm for ALMAZ-1 SAR Data
Focusing Algorithm for ERS-1, JERS-1, RADARSAT SAR Data
Structure of Focusing Software
Assessment of Dependence Between SAR Data Focusing Parameters
and Tundra Habitat Classification
Results
Conclusion

STUDYING REGIONAL ASPECTS OF POLAR BEAR (URSUS MARITIMUS) ECOLOGY IN THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC USING SATELLITE DATA
Introduction
Methodology
Analysis of the Results
Conclusion

DETECTION OF SENSITIVE BOREAL FOREST TYPES TO MONITOR AND ASSESS POTENTIAL IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Introduction
Study Area
Field Data
Forest Community Classification
Computer Programs and Databases
Comparative Floristic and Microclimate Analysis to Identify
Sensitive Forest Types
Global Change and Boreal Forest Community Dynamics

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Reviews

"…offers new light into the types of Russian data not normally available or known about to most western scientists.
Polar Record, 2005