1st Edition

Arms on the Market Reducing the Risk of Proliferation in the Former Soviet Union

Edited By Gary K. Bertsch, Suzette R. Grillot Copyright 1999
    254 Pages
    by Routledge

    256 Pages
    by Routledge

    Almost overnight, the massive military-industrial assets of the Soviet Union came under the jurisdiction of fifteen states instead of one established government. While only four states inherited weapons of mass destruction, most of the fifteen states of the former Soviet Union can produce sensitive materials and equipment. Because all the states serve as transit points for both legal commerce and illegal smuggling, developing export control systems in all the newly independent states (NIS) has become the cornerstone of the global effort to reduce the risk of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

    Arms on the Market is the first book to tackle this difficult subject. Not only does it explore the various theoretical approaches that help us understand the development of export control systems in the nis, but it also introduces a unique method for measuring and comparing export control development.

    Sam Nunn -- Foreword Gary K. Bertsch -- Preface ONE Suzette R. Grillot -- Explaining the Development of Nonproliferation Export Controls: Framework, Theory, and Method TWO Michael Beck -- Russia's Rationale for Developing Export Controls THREE Scott A. Jones -- The Evolution of the Ukrainian Export Control System State Building and International Cooperation FOUR Suzette R. Grillot -- Understanding Export Controls in Belarus: The Power of Inducements FIVE Keith D. Wolfe -- A Work in Progress: The Development of Export Controls in Kazakhstan SIX Chris Behan -- Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania: Western Countries Eyeing More Western Integration SEVEN Liam Anderson -- Central Asia: The Absence of Incentives EIGHT Cassady Craft -- Security Dimensions of Nonproliferation: Export Control Development in the Caucasus NINE Suzette R. Grillot, Keith D. Wolfe, and Michael Beck -- FSU Export Control Development: The Factors that Mattter


    Gary Bertsch is the University Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for International Trade and Security at the University of Georgia. He is co-author of U.S. and Japanese Nonproliferation Export Controls (1996) and International Cooperation on Nonproliferation Export Controls (1994). Suzette Grillot is Assistant Director and Senior Research Associate, also at CITS, University of Georgia.

    "Gary Bertsch and his colleagues have provided a personal, hands-on approach to the subject of nonproliferation export controls. They have wisely chosen to deal with the threat of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction at as great a distance from our borders as possible, since it is only by strengthening the first lines of defense abroad that the U.S. can hope to prepare successfully for the threat at home." -- Senator Richard G. Lugar (R-Ind), Senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations and Intelligence Committees
    "Gary Bertsch and Suzette Grillot have assembled an extraordinary team of experts on the pressing problem of export controls in the former Soviet Union. Unlike previous studies, they have developed a methodology, making their study more objective, more precise, and ultimately more useful. It is essential reading for anyone interested in the problem of "loose nukes" or nonproliferation." -- --Jessica Stern, former Director for Russian, Ukrainian and Eurasian Affairs, National Security Council
    "If you want to stare the U.S. security dilemmas of the future in the face, read Bertsch and Grillot. Their book, Arms on the Market, is a clear guide to future policymaking for what is undoubtedly America's most important national security problem and suggests much we can do to control the threat of weapons of mass destruction." -- Ashton B. Carter, Ford Foundation Professor of Science and International Affairs, Harvard University
    "The challenge of dismantling the weapons of the Cold War is firmly set worth and addressed in this volume edited by Gary Bertsch and Suzette Grillot. The flow of fissile material must be stopped at its source, and Arms on the Market lays the ground work to do just that." -- Harold P. Smith, Jr., former Assistant to the Secretary of Defense, Department of Defense
    "As pioneers in research on export control issues, Gary Bertsch and his colleagues provide a very timely contribution to understanding the threats of weapons proliferation and global terrorism. Arms on the Market not only sounds an important warning about potential leakages of nuclear and other dangerous technologies from the former Soviet Union, but also highlights practical steps needed to contain the threats." -- Glenn Schweitzer, Office Director, National Research Council
    "This book addresses one of the most serious threats to the national interests of the United States -- the control of nuclear weapons-related material from the territories of the former Soviet Union. Written by a talented team of young analysts, Arms on the Market provides valuable and timely information for analysts and policymakers alike." -- Graham T. Allison, Director, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University