Artifice and Artefacts
100 Essays in Materials Science
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For more than a quarter of a century Robert Cahn has been writing articles for Nature and other esteemed journals. Written in the author's distinctive style, Artifice and Artefacts: 100 Essays in Materials Science presents a compilation of 100 articles and reviews chosen to represent a broad range of subjects that map the growth of materials science during this period. The book provides an informative and entertaining record of scientific development. Topics range from the fractal analysis of fracture surfaces on flint to the scientific detection of frauds in the labeling of wine. The articles themselves have largely been reproduced as they first appeared, promoting insight into the ideas prevalent at the time. This unique collection appeals to physical and materials scientists as well as chemists, geologists, and biologists.
Table of Contents
Nanostructured materials. Fractal dimension and fracture. Smooth tritium for laser function. In vino veritas. Self-propagating high temperature synthesis. Strategies to defeat brittleness. Limits to Coulomb's law. Searching for supermagnets. A soft superionically conducting lower mantle? The genesis of a void lattice. Vacancies in nickel-aluminium and other alloys. Crystal defects and melting. Beaded bubbles. Metal bites metal. Rock fabrics. Glass alloys. Looking at the hydrogen economy. Crystallite coalescence. How to design an alloy. Ordering in films. New superlattices. Brittle fracture by thermal shock. Anisotropy at surface tension. When is epitaxy possible? Passage of ions through crystals. The legacy of Xenophon. Polymorphs and Amorphs. Microstructure analysed. Phase energies. Harmony of the spheres. Homo or Hetero? New light on epitaxy. Sputtering. Sticks and carrots. Powder metallurgy: New techniques and applications. Ultrahard magnets. A final limit to superheating. Penny plain, tuppence coloured. The supermodulus syndrome. Novel model for cavity lattices. Order in disorder. The power of paradox. Between the devil and the deep blue sea. Solar energy storage and conversion by hydrogen cycle. Topology of crystal grains. Super-ionic conductors. Figures of merit.
"It's all in this book: superconductivity and supermagnets, order and disorder, polymorphs and amorphs, defects and diffusion, fractals and fracture, epitaxy and energy, nucleation and nanostructures, topotaxy and topology, cavities and creep, doom and gloom, vino and veritas … a cornucopia of beautiful crafted prose, a triumph of communicating the sense and importance of many complex subjects."
"… as though we have had a Samuel Pepys commenting on all the major materials developments during the past quarter of a century."
"This fascinating collection … represents scientific journalism at its best."
-Aslib Book Guide
"The author is to be congratulated in compiling this remarkable compendium."
-Chemistry in Britain
"He has great skill in 'going to the heart of the matter,' describing complex phenomena in plain English without loss of scientific accuracy and with enthusiasm."
-Australian and New Zealand Physicist
"I definitely recommend this book to you."
-Prof. M. Koiwa, Materia Japan, 1995
"Superb. A delight to read."
-Sir Alan Cottrell FRS