We are just beginning to discover the importance of vitamin C in the health of natural and man-made ecosystems. Synthesis of ascorbic acid is well understood, but algae as the only source of ascorbate in the aquatic food pyramid has not been explored. There is an expanding field of the culture of aquatic organisms that demand formulated feeds to best meet their requirements for health, growth, and reproduction. With over 100 species now cultured for human consumption, the question arises as to whether we have reliable information for the dietary needs for vitamin C for even a small percentage of these organisms.
A comprehensive approach to the role of vitamin C at the cellular level as well as in the aquatic food chains, this book discusses growth and reproduction, disease resistance, and toxicology of aquatic organisms.
Ascorbic Acid in Aquatic Organisms was written as the offshoot of a special session on aquatic organisms and practical aquaculture at the 1998 World Aquaculture Society (WAS) meeting.
This book reviews the research already available and identifies new directions for research. It is a unique combination of good nutrition research, ecology, and practical aquaculture (for instance brine shrimp enrichment). This interdisciplinary volume will appeal to marine fish culturists, aquatic biologists, comparative and evolutionary cellular physiologists, and environmental toxicologists.
"… a comprehensive approach to the role of vitamin C at the cellular level … provides a critical review of vitamin C in aquaculture…"
"…comprehensively covers the subject of ascorbic acid in aquatic organisms, with emphasis on fishes. It is an important and useful compendium of information for fish (and shellfish) nutritionists and culturists. …because of the numerous effects AA has on fish physiology, disease resistance, reproduction, and behavior, it should also be an important volume for anyone involved in basic or applied fish research and hence holding and feeding fishes.
The final chapter, by the editor, is an excellent conclusion that covers history, present and future of ascorbic acid research in aquatic organisms, and concentrates on the discovery of ascorbate essentiality to fishes, new and/or controversial areas in AA research, and areas where progress needs to be made in our understanding of the functions of vitamin C."
- Vicki S. Blazer, National Fish Health Research Laboratory, in COPEIA May 2002
Preface, K. Dabrowski
Albert Szent-Gyorgyi and the Nature of Life, J.A. McLaughlin
Glen King and the Henry Loren Family, J.L. Halver
Analytical Enigmas in Assaying for Vitamers C, J.E. Halver, S. P. Felton
Gulonolactone Oxidase Presence in Fishes, Activity and Significance, R. Moreau, K. Dabrowski
Critical Review of the Requirements of Ascorbic Acid in Cold and Cool Water Fishes (Salmonoids, Percids, Plecoglossids and Flatfishes), J. Gabaudan, V. Verlhac
Ascorbic Acid Requirement in Freshwater and Marine Fish. Is There a Difference? M. F. Gouillou-Coustans, S. J. Kaushik
Requirements of L-ascorbic Acid in a Viviparous Marine Teleost, Korean Rockfish, Sebastes Schlegeli (Hilgendorf), S. C. Bai
Vitamin C Requirement in Crustaceans, S. Y. Shiau,
Dietary Requirements for Ascorbic Acid by Warmwater Fish, R. T. Lovell
The Impact of Mironutrients on the Requirement of Ascorbic Acid in Crustaceans and Fish, R. Waagbo, K. Hamre, A. Maage
The Role of Ascorbic Acid and Its Derivates in Resistance to Environmental and Dietary Toxicity of Aquatic Organisms, L. Norrgren, H. Borfeson, L. Forlin, N. Akerblom
The Effect of Ascorbic Acid on the Immune Response in Fish, C. Lim, C. A. Shoemaker, P. H. Klesius
Critical Review of the Concentration, Interactions with Other Nutrients, and Transfer of Ascorbic Acid in Algae, Crustaceans and Fish, M. Brown, P. Lavens
Live Food Mediated Vitamin C Transfer in Sea Bass (Dicentrachus Labrax, L.) First Feeding, G. Terova, S. Cecchini, M. Saroglia, G. Caricato, Z. Jeney
In Vitro Methods and Results of Ascorbic Acid Absorption in Epithelial Tissues of Fish, M. Maffia, T. Verri, C. Storelli
Critical Review of the Effects of Ascorbic Acid on Fish Behavior, S. Koshio
Past, Present and Future of Ascorbic Acid Research in Aquatic Organisms, K. Dabrowski