Asymmetry in Plants : Biology of Handedness book cover
1st Edition

Asymmetry in Plants
Biology of Handedness

ISBN 9781138587946
Published April 15, 2019 by CRC Press
387 Pages 122 Color & 15 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Plants exhibit forms of asymmetry analogous to "handedness" in bilaterally symmetrical animals. This book explores the evolutionary significance and development of asymmetry. Examples of genetic control include the direction of tendril or stem coiling of many climbing plants; the so-called spiral phyllotaxy and floral taxy; and contorted petal arrangement is another kind of left- right symmetry in plants; the direction of contortion is fixed in some but not in other plants. The book will underscore tha all phenomena related to handedness start during embryogenesis itself, with the occurrence of embryo rotation.


Key selling features:

  • First consolidated book on Plant Handedness
  • Relates handedness, asymmetry and chirality to the evolution of different organizational levels in plant biology
  • Emphasizes handedness as a vital governing force in plant functional evolution
  • Provides a new perspective, hitherto ignored, into plant developemtn and evolution
  • Describes how an age-old phenomenon can give scope for investigation from a very modern interdisciplinary approach

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Concepts of Handedness, Asymmetry, Chirality, Spirality,

and Helicity

K. V. Krishnamurthy, Bir Bahadur, Monoranjan Ghose, and

S. John Adams

Chapter 2 Left-Right Symmetry in Animals and Plants: A Comparison

M. A. Akbar Sha, K. V. Krishnamurthy, and S. John Adams

Chapter 3 Asymmetry at the Cell Level

K. V. Krishnamurthy and S. John Adams

Chapter 4 Handedness Events in Vascular Cambium and Their Relation

to the So-Called Spiral Grains in Wood

K. V. Krishnamurthy, Bir Bahadur, and T. N. Manohara

Chapter 5 Broken Symmetry and Handedness in CryptogamsRobert W. Korn

Chapter 6 Biology of Handedness in Fungi

C. Manoharachary and D. Nagaraju

Chapter 7 The Nature of Right-Left Asymmetries in Plants

K. Tennakone

Chapter 8 Molecular Bases and Genetic Aspects of Handedness in Plants

Andrey A. Sinjushin and Bir Bahadur

Chapter 9 Embryo Handedness Caused by Embryo Rotations in


K. V. Krishnamurthy, Thiruppathi Senthil Kumar, and

S. John Adams

Chapter 10 Circumnutation

K. V. Krishnamurthy, A. V. P. Karthikeyan, and S. John Adams

Chapter 11 Seedling Handedness in Some Angiosperms

Bir Bahadur, N. Rama Swamy, and T. Pullaiah

Chapter 12 A Comparison of Chirality Patterns in Climbing Plants

(Lianas) of Moist Tropical Forest in Peru and Brazil

Robyn J. Burnham, Wladimir Hermínio de Almeida, Rainiellen

S. Carpanedo, Cristiane Miranda da Cruz, Aline C. S. Dresch,

Monique Machiner, Lucinere P. Pinto, Rozangela Cristina

Alves de Oliveira, Evandro F. dos Santos, and Bradley Spilka

Chapter 13 Handedness in Plant Tendrils

Pedro E. S. Silva, Fernão Vistulo de Abreu, Ana Isabel

D. Correia, and Maria Helena Godinho

Chapter 14 Fibonacci Sequence: A General Account

Monoranjan Ghose and Bir Bahadur

Chapter 15 Sunflower Spirals

Oleh Bodnar

Chapter 16 Determination of Parastichy Numbers and Its Applications

Riichirou Negishi

Chapter 17 Floral Symmetry

T. Pullaiah and Bir Bahadur

Chapter 18 Transference of Positional Information from Bracteoles and

Sepals to Petals in Species with Labile Handedness of Contort

Corolla: Mechanical Forces or Prepatterning?

Polina V. Karpunina, Maxim S. Nuraliev, Alexei A. Oskolski,

and Dmitry D. Sokoloff

Chapter 19 Stylar Polymorphisms in Flowering Plants: An Overview

A. J. Solomon Raju

Chapter 20 Enantiostyly in Angiosperms

Natan Messias de Almeida and Cibele Cardoso de Castro

Chapter 21 Inversostyly: A Still Less Known Reproductive Mechanism

Túlio Freitas Filgueira Sá, Natan Messias de Almeida,

and Cibele Cardoso de Castro

Chapter 22 More on Buzz Pollination—Pollen Rebounds in Asymmetric


Thiago Magalhães Amorim, Arlete Aparecida Soares,

and Christian Westerkamp

Chapter 23 Handedness in Plants in Relation to Yield: A Review

Bir Bahadur and Monoranjan Ghose

Chapter 24 Concluding Remarks

K. V. Krishnamurthy, Bir Bahadur, Monoranjan Ghose,

and S. John Adams

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Bir Bahadur had his early education in City College, Hyderabad and graduated from Nizam College a premier and one of the oldest institution of the state and India and Post-graduated from University College of Science Osmania University, Hyderabad, India. He earned his Ph.D. in Plant Genetics from Osmania University. He has served Osmania and Kakatiya Universities, India with distinction as Lecturer, Reader and Professor and as Chairman, Head of the Department, Dean of the Faculty of Science, Kakatiya University, Warangal, India. He was a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Institute of Genetics of Hungarian Academy (Budapest), on a Govt. of India fellowship and recipient of the Royal Society Bursary, London and Honorary Research Fellow at the Birmingham University (U.K.). He was the Chief Editor of Proceedings of Andhra Pradesh Akademi of Sciences , Hyderabad, and Journal of Palynology (Lucknow, India). He was Independent of Director of Sri Biotech Laboratories Ltd,,Hyderabad,India India for 8 years.

K. V. Krishnamurthy, Ph.D., is a former Professor and Head of Department, Plant Sciences at Bharathidasan University in Tiruchirappalli, India, and is at present as an consultant at R & D, Sami Labs Ltd, Bangalore prior to joining Sami, worked as an adjunct facility at the Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bangalore. He obtained his PhD degree from Madras University, India, and has taught many undergraduate, postgraduate, M.Phil, and PhD students. He has over 50 years of teaching and research experience, and his major research areas include plant morphology and morphogenesis, biodiversity, floristic and reproductive ecology, and cytochemistry. He has published more than 200 research papers and 30 books. His important books include Methods in Cell Wall Cytochemistry (CRC Press, USA), Bioresources of the Eastern Ghats: Their Conservation and Management (Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, India), Textbook of Biodiversity (Science Publishers, USA), and From Flower to Fruit (Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi). Book edited on Plant Biology and Biotechnology (Springer India), 2015;five volume series of Ethnobotany of India , 2016, 2017 (CRC Press: Apple academic Publication). Prof. K.V. Krishnamurthy has contributed substantially on Plant morphology and development with over 200 Publications and several books. He has discussed Asymmetry and Handedness in many of his publications.

Monoranjan Ghose joined as Lecturer at the Agricultural & Ecological Research Unit of the Indian Statistical Institute Kolkata, India in 1983. Subsequently, he became Associate Professor and full Professor in 1997. He served as Professor-in-Charge of Biological Sciences Division and Head of the Agricultural and Ecological Research Unit of the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata till retirement. He worked as the Chairman of the Research Fellow Advisory Committee (RFAC) of the Biological Sciences Division. He retired from active service from the Institute on 31 July 2012. Professor Ghose did his Ph.D. under the guidance of the late Prof. T. A. Davis (The Fibonacci Man of India) in 1982. He has published more than 60 research papers in reputed national and international standard journals.

Sebastian John Adams, presently a Scientist in the Department of Phyto-Pharmacognosy at Sami Labs ltd., Bangalore, a leading herbal based industry. Previously he was a research fellow at Foundation of Revitalization of Local Health and Traditions (FRLHT), Bangalore for four years and subsequently as a Research Associate at Department of Pharmacognosy, The Himalaya Drug Company, Bangalore for a year. He had his higher education in St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli and Madras Christian College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. His PhD work is on the Ayurvedic Ashtavarga plants. He has published about 25 research articles, some of which have appeared in Ethnobotany of India (Volumes 1-5) Published by CRC: Apple Academic Press, USA, 2016, 2017. He (along with Prof. K.V. Krishnamurthy and others) have just completed a book on Methods in Plant Histochemistry .