1st Edition

Atlas of Moral Psychology

Edited By

Kurt Gray

,

Jesse Graham




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ISBN 9781462541225
Published December 26, 2019 by Guilford Press
586 Pages

USD $40.00

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Book Description

This comprehensive and cutting-edge volume maps out the terrain of moral psychology, a dynamic and evolving area of research. In 57 concise chapters, leading authorities and up-and-coming scholars explore fundamental issues and current controversies. The volume systematically reviews the empirical evidence base and presents influential theories of moral judgment and behavior. It is organized around the key questions that must be addressed for a complete understanding of the moral mind.

Table of Contents

Chapter-Opening Questions and Answers
I. Morality and Thinking
1. Can We Understand Moral Thinking without Understanding Thinking?, Joshua D. Greene
2. Reasoning at the Root of Morality, Elliot Turiel
3. Moral Judgment: Reflective, Interactive, Spontaneous, Challenging, and Always Evolving, Melanie Killen & Audun Dahl
4. On the Possibility of Intuitive and Deliberative Processes Working in Parallel in Moral Judgment, Kees van den Bos
5. The Wrong and the Bad, Shaun Nichols
II. Morality and Feeling
6. Empathy Is a Moral Force, Jamil Zaki
7. Moral Values and Motivations: How Special Are They?, Ryan Miller & Fiery Cushman
8. A Component Process Model of Disgust, Anger, and Moral Judgment, Hanah A. Chapman
9. A Functional Conflict Theory of Moral Emotions, Roger Giner-Sorolla
10. Getting Emotions Right in Moral Psychology, Piercarlo Valdesolo
III. Morality, Social Cognition, and Identity
11. What Do We Evaluate When We Evaluate Moral Character?, Eric G. Helzer & Clayton R. Critcher
12. Moral Cognition and Its Basis in Social Cognition and Social Regulation, John Voiklis & Bertram F. Malle
13. Morality Is Personal, Justin F. Landy & Eric Luis Uhlmann
14. A Social Cognitive Model of Moral Identity, Karl Aquino & Adam Kay
15. Identity Is Essentially Moral, Nina Strohminger
16. The Core of Morality Is the Moral Self, Paul Conway
17. Thinking Morally about Animals, Steve Loughnan & Jared Piazza
IV. Morality and Intergroup Conflict
18. Morality Is for Choosing Sides, Peter DeScioli & Robert Kurzban
19. Morality for Us versus Them, Adam Waytz & Liane Young
20. Pleasure in Response to Outgroup Pain as a Motivator of Intergroup Aggression, Mina Cikara
21. How Can Universal Stereotypes Be Immoral?, Susan T. Fiske
V. Morality and Culture
22. Moral Foundations Theory: On the Advantages of Moral Pluralism over Moral Monism, Jesse Graham, Jonathan Haidt, Matt Motyl, Peter Meindl, Carol Iskiwitch, & Marlon Mooijman
23. The Model of Moral Motives: A Map of the Moral Domain, Ronnie Janoff-Bulman & Nate C. Carnes
24. Relationship Regulation Theory, Tage S. Rai
25. A Stairway to Heaven: A Terror Management Theory Perspective on Morality, Andrea M. Yetzer, Tom Pyszczynski, & Jeff Greenberg
26. Moral Heroes Are Puppets, Jeremy A. Frimer
27. Morality: A Historical Invention, Edouard Machery
28. The History of Moral Norms, Jesse J. Prinz
VI. Morality and the Body
29. The Moralization of the Body: Protecting and Expanding the Boundaries of the Self, Gabriela Pavarini & Simone Schnall
30. Grounded Morality, Simon M. Laham & Justin J. Kelly
VII. Morality and Beliefs
31. Moral Vitalism, Brock Bastian
32. The Objectivity of Moral Beliefs, Geoffrey P. Goodwin
33. Folk Theories in the Moral Domain, Sara Gottlieb & Tania Lombrozo
34. Free Will and Moral Psychology, Roy F. Baumeister
35. The Geographies of Religious and Nonreligious Morality, Brett Mercier & Azim Shariff
36. The Egocentric Teleological Bias: How Self-Serving Morality Shapes Perceptions of Intelligent Design, Jesse L. Preston
VIII. Dynamic Moral Judgment
37. Moralization: How Acts Become Wrong, Chelsea Schein & Kurt Gray
38. Moral Coherence Processes and Denial of Moral Complexity, Brittany S. Liu, Sean P. Wojcik, & Peter H. Ditto
39. What Is Blame and Why Do We Love It?, Mark D. Alicke, Ross Rogers, & Sarah Taylor
IX. Developmental and Evolutionary Roots of Morality
40. Do Animals Have a Sense of Fairness?, Katherine McAuliffe & Laurie R. Santos
41. The Infantile Roots of Sociomoral Evaluations, Julia W. Van de Vondervoort & J. Kiley Hamlin
42. Atlas Hugged: The Foundations of Human Altruism, Felix Warneken
43. The Developmental Origins of Infants’ Distributive Fairness Concerns, Jessica A. Sommerville & Talee Ziv
44. Vulnerability-Based Morality, Anton J. M. Dijker
45. The Attachment Approach to Moral Judgment, Aner Govrin
46. Ethogenesis: Evolution, Early Experience, and Moral Becoming, Darcia Narvaez
X. Moral Behavior
47. On the Distinction between Unethical and Selfish Behavior, Jackson G. Lu, Ting Zhang, Derek D. Rucker, & Adam D. Galinsky
48. In Search of Moral Equilibrium: Person, Situation, and Their Interplay in Behavioral Ethics, Julia J. Lee & Francesca Gino
49. Unconflicted Virtue, Kate C. S. Schmidt
50. Moral Clarity, Scott S. Wiltermuth & David T. Newman
XI. Studying Morality
51. Why Developmental Neuroscience Is Critical for the Study of Morality, Jean Decety & Jason M. Cowell
52. Implicit Moral Cognition, C. Daryl Cameron, Julian A. Scheffer, & Victoria L. Spring
53. Into the Wild: Big Data Analytics in Moral Psychology, Joseph Hoover, Morteza Dehghani, Kate Johnson, Rumen Iliev, & Jesse Graham
54. Applied Moral Psychology, Yoel Inbar
XII. Clarifying Morality
55. The Moral Domain, Stephen Stich
56. There Is No Important Distinction between Moral and Nonmoral Cognition, Joshua Knobe
57. Asking the Right Questions in Moral Psychology, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Kurt Gray, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He studies moral psychology, mind perception, and agent-based modeling. Dr. Gray has been named a Rising Star by the Association for Psychological Science, which awarded him the Janet Spence Award for Transformative Early Career Research. He has also received the Sage Young Scholar Award, the Wegner Theoretical Innovation Prize from the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, and the Early Career Award and Best Social Cognition Paper Award from the International Social Cognition Network, and is a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology. Widely cited in the media, Dr. Gray has spoken at two TED events and is coauthor (with Daniel M. Wegner) of a book for general readers, The Mind Club: Who Thinks, What Feels, and Why it Matters. His website is www.mpmlab.org.

Jesse Graham, PhD, is Associate Professor of Management at the Eccles School of Business, University of Utah. He studies people’s core moral, political, and religious convictions. Dr. Graham is a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology and of the Moral Psychology Research Group. He has been named a Rising Star by the Association for Psychological Science and also has been honored with the Sage Young Scholar Award, the General Education Teacher of the Year Award from the University of Southern California, the Award for Excellence in Scholarship in the Sciences from the University of Virginia, and the Morton Deutsch Award for best paper published in Social Justice Research. Dr. Graham is coeditor (with Piercarlo Valdesolo) of Social Psychology of Political Polarization.

Reviews

"The tremendous recent growth of interest in moral psychology has yielded no shortage of deep debate and thorny thickets. Gray and Graham have brought together a talented array of scholars who are working to cut through these intellectual brambles. Their objective is nothing short of mapping the full complexity of the moral domain. This volume is a major achievement."--Linda J. Skitka, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago

"A gift for anyone interested in moral psychology. The Atlas is a masterful, state-of-the-art compendium of descriptive and theoretical work on moral judgments, emotions, and reasoning, as well as the compulsive force of parochial social norms and the human experience of self-evidently appealing universal values. Eminent scholars from diverse schools of thought explore fundamental questions: What is a moral judgment? Is it anything more than a self-affirming gut feeling? Why do people often disagree with each other about what is right and wrong? Does being moral mean being highly susceptible to fear (as Nietzsche once proposed)? Is there such a thing as moral truth? Students of the human mind looking for a map of its ethical component should be very happy."--Richard A. Shweder, PhD, Harold Higgins Swift Distinguished Service Professor, Department of Comparative Human Development, University of Chicago

“The last two decades have seen an explosion in the number of philosophers and scientists turning to the study of moral psychology. The result is a thriving field--the most robustly interdisciplinary in the academy--dedicated to discovering how the mind works out moral matters. If you want to know where moral psychology is at and where it’s heading, look no further than the Atlas of Moral Psychology. In 57 provocative chapters, a stellar group of leading researchers ask, and begin to answer, the questions that will define the field for years to come."--John M. Doris, PhD, Philosophy–Neuroscience–Psychology Program and Philosophy Department, Washington University in St. Louis

"The contributors, who include both philosophers and psychologists, are acknowledged experts in the field….Each essay is framed as an answer to a specific question, such as 'What do we evaluate when we evaluate moral character?' and both the question and an abbreviated version of the answer are printed at the head of each chapter. This feature makes the book very user-friendly, particularly for students and readers new to moral psychology….Recommended. Undergraduates and above." -- Choice Reviews