Attic Oratory and Performance: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Attic Oratory and Performance

1st Edition

By Andreas Serafim

Routledge

144 pages

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pub: 2017-01-24
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Description

In a society where public speech was integral to the decision-making process, and where all affairs pertaining to the community were the subject of democratic debate, the communication between the speaker and his audience in the public forum, whether the law-court or the Assembly, cannot be separated from the notion of performance. Attic Oratory and Performance seeks to make modern Performance Studies productive for, and so make a significant contribution to, the understanding of Greek oratory.

Although quite a lot of ink has been spilt over the performance dimension of oratory, the focus of nearly all of the scholarship in this area has been relatively narrow, understanding performance as only encompassing 'delivery' – the use of gestures and vocal ploys – and the convergences and divergences between oratory and theatre. Serafim seeks to move beyond this relatively narrow focus to offer a holistic perspective on performance and oratory. Using examples from selected forensic speeches, in particular four interconnected speeches by Aeschines (2, 3) and Demosthenes (18, 19), he argues that oratorical performance encompassed subtle communication between the speaker and the audience beyond mere delivery, and that the surviving texts offer numerous glimpses of the performative dimension of these speeches, and their links to contemporary theatre.

Reviews

"Seraphim has revolutionized the way we read the Attic Orators. For so long works which were composed for oral delivery to a live audience have been read as written text. Seraphim changes all that not only by emphasizing aspects of oral performance such as the delivery or the gestures, but also by paying attention to the relationship between the speaker and his audience, the construction of the audience by the speaker, the cognitive and emotional relations which develop between the audience and the speaker, and the overall communicative effects of techniques such as the ethopoeia and ekphrasis. The holistic approach to the speeches of the Attic orators which Seraphim adopts brings these texts to life, and allows a modern audience to appreciate them in their full complexity."

- Konstantinos Kapparis, Director, Center for Greek Studies, University of Florida, USA

"Particularly for the many students who will never read the stylistic analyses presented in the great warhorses of rhetorical scholarship, such as Goodwin’s commentary on Demosthenes 18 or a single page of Blass’s Attische Beredsamkeit, Serafim’s book should prove very helpful … Serafim’s enthusiasm for rhetorical combat that mimics, or even quotes, theatrical works should encourage many students to look carefully at his target speeches."

- Victor Bers, Yale University, USA, in the Bryn Mawr Classical Review

Table of Contents

Introduction

Current perspectives and approaches

What this book is about

Performance Studies and Attic oratory

Audience and speaker in the law-court

Four case studies

The Embassy Case

The Crown Case

Outline

Chapter 1. The Hermeneutic Framework: An Analytical Approach

The notion of performance: conceptual groundwork

Performance in the theatre and the law-court

Judicial oratory in/as performance: Aeschines 2, 3 and Demosthenes 18, 19

Constructed audience

Other strategies to influence the audience

Reconsidering ekphrasis through the lens of ancient theory

The depiction of litigants, ēthopoiia

Conceptual groundwork

The performative dimension of oratorical portraiture

Inter-generic portraiture

Hypocrisis – Delivery

Script, revision and extemporisation

A note on the use of ancient sources

Chapter 2. Construction and manipulation

Addresses to the audience and civic community

Law-court "Big Brother"!

Emotional appeals

Direct/explicit appeals to emotions

Indirect/inexplicit appeals to emotions

Defence versus prosecution

The language of performance: imperatives and questions

Chapter 3. Aeschines and Demosthenes in the Theatre of Justice

Political thespians in the law-court

The use of quotations

"He is proud of his voice": oral excess in the law-court

"Drive him away and hiss him out": inviting the audience reaction

Chapter 4. Ēthopoiia: an inter-generic portrayal of character

Comic or laughter-inducing ēthopoiia

Comic stereotyping

Inversion of tragedy into comedy

Ridiculing sexuality

Character portraiture: tragedy and epic

Identification with tragic and epic characters

Cursed or unlucky?

Chapter 5. Hypocrisis! Hypocrisis! Hypocrisis!

Hypocrisis of emotions

Divine hypocrisis

Deixis

Figures of speech

Embassy speeches

Crown speeches

Direct speech, narrative and questions

Occasional aspects of hypocrisis

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Index

About the Author

Andreas Serafim is a Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow at Trinity College Dublin and Adjunct Lecturer at the Open University of Cyprus. He has also been Adjunct Lecturer at the University of Cyprus (2014–2015) and Honorary Research Fellow (2013–2015) and Assistant Lecturer in Ancient Greek (2012–2013) at University College London.

About the Series

Routledge Monographs in Classical Studies

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS002000
HISTORY / Ancient / General
HIS002010
HISTORY / Ancient / Greece
LIT013000
LITERARY CRITICISM / Drama
PER011020
PERFORMING ARTS / Theater / History & Criticism