Automation in Textile Machinery: Instrumentation and Control System Design Principles, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Automation in Textile Machinery

Instrumentation and Control System Design Principles, 1st Edition

By L. Ashok Kumar, M Senthil kumar

CRC Press

426 pages | 266 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781498781930
pub: 2018-04-04
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Description

Automation is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery and processes. In line, this book deals with comprehensive analysis of the trends and technologies in automation and control systems used in textile engineering. The control systems descript in all chapters is to dissect the important components of an integrated control system in spinning, weaving, knitting, chemical processing and garment industries, and then to determine if and how the components are converging to provide manageable and reliable systems throughout the chain from fiber to the ultimate customer.

Key Features:

• Describes the design features of machinery for operating various textile machineries in product manufacturing

• Covers the fundamentals of the instrumentation and control engineering used in textile machineries

• Illustrates sensors and basic elements for textile automation

• Highlights the need of robotics in textile engineering

• Reviews the overall idea and scope of research in designing textile machineries

Table of Contents

  1. CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
    1. Introduction
    2. Electrical Terminology
    3. Principles of Control Systems

  2. INSTRUMENTATION
    1. Introduction
    2. Order of Control and Measurements Systems
    3. Temperature Measurement Systems
    4. Instrumentation and Control - Pressure Detectors
    5. Angular Displacement
    6. Encoders
    7. Linear Position

2.8 Level Detectors

2.9 Instrumentation and Control Module on Flow Detectors

2.10 Instrumentation and Control Module on Position Indicators

2.11 Switches

    1. Variable Output Devices

3. PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROL SYSTEMS

3.1 Introduction

3.2 PLC Hardware

3.3 Logical Sensors

3.4 Logical Actuators

3.5 Boolean Logic Design

3.6 PLC OPERATION

3.7. Latches, Timers, Counters and more

3.8. Structured Logic Design

3.9. Flowchart Based Design

3.10 PLC Memory

3.11 Analog Inputs And Outputs

3.12 Continuous Actuators

3.13 Continuous Control

4. INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS ON BLOWROOM SEQUENCE

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Bale Management

4.3 Mixing Bale Opener

4.4 Bale Pluckers

4.5 Compact Blowroom

4.6 Detection and Removal of Contamination

4.7 Dust & Metal Extraction Machine (DMEM)

4.8 Automatic Waste Evacuation System (Intermittent)

4.9

Chute Feeding Systems

5. INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM IN CARDING

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Measuring devices

5.3 Sensofeed

5.4 Flat Control (FCT)

5.5 Precision Flat Setting (PFS)

5.6 IGS top automatic grinding system

5.7 Carding Drives

5.8 Coiler Sliver Stop Motion

5.9 Thermistor Protection Unit

5.10 Safety Switches

5.11 On Card Filter

5.12 Continuous Quality and Production Monitoring

5.13 Card Manager

6. INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS IN DRAWFRAME AND SPEED FRAME

6.1 Control Systems in Draw Frame

6.2 Control Systems in Comber

6.3 Speed Frame Controls

6.4 Automatic Doffing

7. INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS IN RING AND ROTOR SPINNING

7.1 Control Systems in Ring Spinning

7.2 Controls in Rotor Spinning

8. CONTROL SYSTEMS IN CONE WINDING MACHINE

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Electronic yarn clearer (EYC)

8.3 Electronic Anti-Patterning device

8.4 Length and diameter measuring device

8.5 Sensor-monitored winding process

8.6 The Informator – central operating and control unit

8.7 Automatic Tension Controlling Device

8.8 Yarn Clearer

8.9 Variable material flow systems

8.10 Winding head control

8.11 Full Cone Monitors

8.12 The automatic package doffer

8.13 Cleaning and dust removal systems

8.14 Automation Variants

8.15 Caddy identification systems

8.16 Spindle identification

8.17 Package Quality Control

8.18 Variopack System

9. INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS IN WARPING AND SIZING MACHINE

9.1 Control Systems in Warping

9.2 Measurement And Control Systems Used In Sizing

10. CONTROL SYSTEMS IN WEAVING

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Electronic Shedding

10.3 Electronic Jacquard

10.4 Automatic Pick Controller (APC)

10.5 Controls in weft Insertion System

10.6 Let-off Electronic Control Warp Beam

10.7 Electronic Take – up Motion

10.8 Warp stop motion

10.9 Electronic controls and monitoring devices on shuttle weaving machines

10.10 Electronic yarn tension control

10.11 Sumo Drive System

10.12 Electronic Selvedge Motions

10.13 Weave Master Reporting Report and Formula Generator

10.14 Weave Master Production Scheduling

11. CONTROLS IN KNITTING

11.1 Designing and Patterning

11.2 Electronic Jacquard

11.3 Control systems

11.4 Individual Needle Selection

11.5 Knitting machine- needle detector

11.6 Knit Master System

11.7 Simodrive sensor measuring systems

11.8 Monitoring Yarn Input Tension for Quality Control in Circular Knitting

11.9 Warp knitting machine control

12. CONTROLS IN TESTING INSTRUMENTS

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Fibre Properties

12.3 Fibre Diameter Analyzer (FDA)

12.4 Fibre Fineness

12.5 Fineness and Maturity Testing

12.6 High Volume Instrument (HVI)

12.7 Advanced Fibre Information System (AFIS)

    1. Auto Sorter

12.9 Electronic Twist Tester

12.10 Yarn Evenness measuring instruments

12.11 Electronic inspection board (EIB)

12.12. Hairiness Measurement – photo electric method

12.13 Tensile Strength Testing Of Textiles

12.14 Optical Trash Analysis Device (OPTRA)

13. AUTOMATION AND CONTROL IN CHEMICAL PROCESSING

13.1 Control systems in dyeing process

13.2 Control Systems in Textile Finishing Machinery

13.3 Special Purpose Drying Machine and Felt Finishing Range

13.4 Digital Textile Printing Ink Technologies

14. AUTOMATION IN GARMENTS

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Automated Fabric Inspection

14.3 Automatic pattern making system

14.4 Body Measurement System

14.5 Automatic fabric spreading machine

14.6 Automatic fabric cutting process

14.7 Sewing

14.8 Finishing process

14.9 Automatic material transport

15. CAD/CAM SOLUTIONS FOR TEXTILES

15.1 Textile Design Systems

15.2 CAD/CAM’s Effect on the Jacquard Weaving Industry

15.3 Computer Aided Manufacturing

15.4 CIM - Data Communications Standards for Monitoring of Textile Spinning Processes

About the Authors

Dr L Ashok Kumar is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow from San Diego State University, California. He is a recipient of BHAVAN fellowship from Indo US Science and Technology Forum. His current research focuses on Integration of Renewable Energy Systems in the Smart Grid and Wearable Electronics. He has 3 years of industrial experience and 18 years of academic and research experiences. He has published 137 technical papers in International and National Journals and presented 107 papers in National and International Conferences. He has completed 16 Government of India funded projects and currently 5 projects are under progress. His PhD work on Wearable Electronics bagged National Award from ISTE and he has received 24 Awards in the National level. Ashok Kumar has 5 patents to his credit. He has guided 82 graduate and postgraduate projects. He is a Member and in prestigious positions in various National Forums. He has visited many countries for institute industry collaboration and as a Keynote speaker. He has been an Invited speaker in 125 programmes. Also he has organised 62 events like conferences, workshops and seminars. He completed his graduate programme in Electrical and Electronics Engineering from University of Madras and his post-graduation from PSG College of Technology, India and Masters in Business Administration from IGNOU, New Delhi. After completion of his Graduate Degree he joined as Project Engineer in Serval Paper Boards Ltd., Coimbatore (now renamed as ITC unit, Kovai). Presently he is working as Professor & Associate HoD in Department of EEE, PSG College of Technology and also doing research work in Wearable Electronics, Smart Grid, Solar PV and Wind Energy Systems. He is also a Certified Charted Engineer and BSI Certified ISO 500001: 2008 Lead Auditor. He has authored the following books in his areas of interest (i)Computational Intelligence Paradigms for Optimization Problems Using MATLAB®/SIMULINK®, CRC Press, (ii) Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems - An Introduction to Theory, Modeling with MATLAB/SIMULINK, and the Role of Soft Computing Techniques – Green Energy and Technology, Springer, USA (iii) Electronics in Textiles and Clothing: Design, Products and Applications, CRC Press, (iv) Power Electronics with MATLAB, Cambridge University Press, London (v) Monograph on Smart Textiles (vi)Monograph on Information Technology for Textiles and (vii) Monograph on Instrumentation & Textile Control Engineering.

M. Senthilkumar obtained his Diploma in Textile Technology from PSG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore, India and pursued his graduate degree, B.Tech (Textile Technology) from Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Tamilnadu, India and he has received best outgoing student award for the academic year 2000 - 01. After serving for two years in a knitted garment unit, he qualified in GATE examination and secured 75th rank. He pursued his post graduate degree, M.Tech (Textile Technology) from D.K.T.E Textile and Engineering Institute, Maharashtra, India. He has involved himself in teaching and research activities and completed his Ph.D. in the area of "Dynamics of elastic fabrics" under the guidance of Dr.N. Anbumani, Department of Textile Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, India in the year 2012. He worked as a Lecturer in Department of Apparel and Fashion Technology, Sona College of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu from August 2004 to August 2006. Then he joined as Lecturer in Department of Textile Technology, PSG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore, India from September 2006 to June 2017 and promoted as Head of the Department and working till date. So far he has published nearly 50 research papers in various international and national journals. He has contributed one chapter as a co-author for the book entitled on Military Textiles, Wood head publication, Cambridge, England. He have received "Young engineer award" from The Institution of Engineers, Kolkata, India in the year 2014. He is highly interested in academic and research activities in the areas concerning weft knitting and its product development.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC016000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Design / General
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers