Examining how migrants appropriate mobility in the context of biometric border controls, this volume mobilises new analytics and empirics in the debates about the politics of migration and provides an analytically effective and politically significant tool for the study of contemporary migration.
Drawing from the tension between the EU’s attempt to achieve watertight border controls by means of biometric technologies, and migrants’ persistence to move to and live in the EU, the volume pursues two interrelated objectives: first, it studies the encounters between migrants and the Visa Information System (VIS), one of the largest biometric databases in the world, from the perspective of mobility in order to investigate how migrants appropriate mobility via Schengen visa within and against this biometric border regime. Second, it addresses criticisms of autonomy of migration in order to develop it as a viable approach for border, migration and critical security studies. Hence, the book is driven by two interrelated research questions: what does the assertion of moments of autonomy of migration refer to in the context of border regimes that use biometrics to turn migrants’ bodies into a means of mobility control? And how do migrants appropriate mobility via Schengen visa within and against biometric border regimes?
This book will be of great interest to scholars in border, migration and critical security studies, as well as researchers engaged in citizenship studies, surveillance studies, political theory, critical IR theory and international political sociology.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Biometric Rebordering Revisited: Beyond the Control Bias and Policy Gaps 2. Autonomy of Migration within Biometric Border Regimes? 3. Rethinking the Autonomy of Migration: Rethinking Autonomy 4. Deconstructing the Trickster Narrative: the Visa Regime as an Unpredictable Regime of Institutionalised Distrust 5. At the Consulate: Appropriating Mobility within and against Biometric Border Regimes 6. Encounters at the Airport: Embarrassing Performances of Sovereign Power 7. Rendering Europe a Vast Borderzone: On the Irreducible Ambivalence of Migrants’ Practices of Appropriation Conclusion: Autonomy of Migration Reloaded
Stephan Scheel is working as an assistant professor at the sociology department of the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany. He was previously a researcher on the project ‘ARITHMUS – How Data Make a People’ at Goldsmiths, University of London, UK. Stephan holds a PhD from the Department for Politics and International Studies at the Open University in Milton Keynes. His thesis has been awarded the Michael Nicholson Thesis Prize of the British International Studies Association (BISA) in 2015.