Based on a conference held at the University of Umea, Sweden, these papers discuss the scientific status of the field of aversive learning from historical, affective, clinical, neurobiological, cognitive, neuroethological, and conceptual perspectives. Aversion, Avoidance, Anxiety carries readers through the history of the field's development, looks at the current state of progress, and discusses future research and therapeutic possibilities. The editors provide introductions to each chapter containing both timely information and background data to help readers systhesize and assimilate the information.
Contents: Part I:Introduction. J.B. Overmier, T. Archer, Historical Perspectives on the Study of Aversively Motivated Behavior: History and New Look. Part II:Perspectives on the Determinants of Hedonic Value (Taste-Aversion Learning). J. Garcia, Food for Tolman: Cognition and Cathexis in Concert. P.O. Sj d n, T. Archer, Taste-Aversion Conditioning: The Role of Contextual Stimuli. F. Berm dez-Rattoni, M.A. S nches, R.A. Prado-Alcal , Learning of External and Visceral Cue Consequences May Be Subserved by Different Neuroanatomical Substrates. Part III:Clinical Perspectives on Aversively Motivated Behavior. K. Hugdahl, Human Pavlovian Aversive Conditioning: Effects of Brain Asymmetry and Stimulus Lateralization. A. hman, U. Dimberg, F. Esteves, Preattentive Activation of Aversive Emotions. S. Mineka, A.J. Tomarken, The Role of Cognitive Biases in the Origins and Maintenances of Fear and Anxiety Disorders. Part IV:Neurobiological Perspectives on Aversively Motivated Behavior. J.L. McGaugh, I.B. Introini-Collison, A.H. Naghara, L. Cahill, Involvement of the Amygdala in Hormonal and Neurotransmitter Interactions in the Modulation of Memory Storage. R.F. Thompson, The Essential Memory Trace Circuit and the Essential Reinforcement System for a Basic Form of Associative Learning. R.J. Beninger, The Role of Serotonin and Dopamine in Learning to Avoid Aversive Stimuli. Part V:Cognitive Perspectives. S-A. Christianson, L-G. Nilsson, Hysterical Amnesia: A Case of Aversively Motivated Isolation of Memory. E.F. Loftus, S-A. Christianson, Malleability of Memory for Emotional Events. M.W. Eysenck, Anxiety and Cognition: Theory and Research. Part VI:Neuroethological Perspectives on Aversively Motivated Behavior. G. Bignami, To Go or Not to Go in Aversive Paradigms: Preparedness and Other Questions. Part VII:Methodological and Conceptual Perspectives on Aversive Conditioning. R.A. Boakes, How One Might Find Evidence for Conditioning in Adult Humans. R.M. Church, The Yoked Control Design. T. Sagvolden, Experimental Designs in Behavioral Studies. Part VIII:Summary and Integration. L-G. Nilsson, T. Archer, Aversively Motivated Behavior: Which Are the Perspectives?