This book analyses the political, economic and managerial challenges for policy makers and the air transport industry as they face climate change.
Based on an overview of the scientific background and technological options for emissions reduction, Aviation and Climate Change provides an in-depth assessment of environmental regulation and management. It provides an up-to-the-minute analysis of the effects of aviation on climate change, and an economic analysis of policies to reduce or eliminate greenhouse gas emissions. The main emphasis of the book is on the economic mechanisms used to lessen emissions – carbon taxes, emissions trading schemes and offset schemes. It pays particular attention to the ways these policies work, and to the interaction between them – for instance, the interaction between taxes and emissions trading schemes. One feature of the book is that it analyses the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) which has been developed by ICAO for international aviation, and which is due to commence operation shortly. The advantages and disadvantages of this controversial scheme are discussed.
This book will be of interest to researchers in diverse areas (economics, political science, engineering, natural sciences), to air transport policy makers, and to managers in the aviation industry.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction and Overview 2 Aviation Emissions and Climate Impacts 3 Renewable Fuels for Aviation 4 Air Transport and the Challenge of Climate Change – How Aviation Climate Change Policies Work 5 ETSs and Aviation: Implementation of schemes in the EU and other countries 6 International Action and the role of ICAO 7 ICAO’s new CORSIA scheme at a glance – A milestone towards greener aviation? 8 Voluntary Carbon Offset Schemes in the Airline Industry: Why Did They Fail? 9 Roadmap to Decarbonising Aviation 10 Intermodal Dimension of Climate Change Policy 11 Scenarios for future policies – Potential costs and competitive impacts of different market-based measures for the limitation of all climate relevant species from aviation 12 Inclusion of international aviation emissions under the Paris Agreement’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) 13 Review and Further Directions
Frank Fichert is Professor of Economics and Transport Economics at Worms University of Applied Sciences, Germany. He has published many papers on the transport sector. His research focuses on competition and regulation in the air transport industry and the environmental issues of aviation.
Peter Forsyth is Adjunct Professor at Monash and Southern Cross Universities. He has published extensively in the economics of aviation and tourism. His recent research has involved economic and policy approaches to addressing carbon emissions from aviation and tourism.
Hans-Martin Niemeier is Director of the Institute for Transport and Development at Bremen University of Applied Sciences. He is Chairman of the German Aviation Research Society (GARS) and of the Advisory Board of the European Aviation Conference. He led COST Action "Air Transport and Regional Development".
"Climate Change is an existential threat to the way aviation does business. Change is needed, but needed more is sensible, evidence-based, thoughtful analysis of what happens next. This book starts that process." — Andrew Charlton, Managing Director, Aviation Advocacy, Switzerland
"Aviation has proven to be one of the most difficult sectors to include in climate change policies. This volume brings together some of the most eminent thinkers on measures to address climate impacts of aviation. It is a very useful reference for policy makers, academics, NGOs and anybody interested in the issue." — Jasper Faber, Aviation and maritime specialist, manager Mobility & Transport, CE Delft, Netherlands