Baldwin I of Jerusalem, 1100-1118  book cover
1st Edition

Baldwin I of Jerusalem, 1100-1118

ISBN 9781472433565
Published January 28, 2019 by Routledge
220 Pages

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Book Description

Baldwin of Boulogne was born the youngest of three sons and marked out for a clerical career, yet in turn he became a First Crusader, first Latin count of Edessa and the founder of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem. Nevertheless, remarkably, he has never been the subject of a full-length biography. This study examines in detail the stages of Baldwin’s career, returning to the contemporary evidence to discover the qualities that enabled him not only to succeed his brother as ruler in 1100 but to maintain and expand the new kingdom of Jerusalem through the next eighteen years in the face of aggression from Muslim enemies and rivalry from fellow crusaders.

Table of Contents

List of maps

List of abbreviations


Note on translations

  1. First Crusader
    Baldwin the Younger Son
    The First Crusade
    The Journey to Constantinople
    Contacts with Byzantium
    The Oath to Alexios
    The Evidence

  2. Nicaea to Edessa
    The Siege of Nicaea
    The Battle of Dorylaeum
    Cilician Adventure or Cilician Campaign?
    Coming of Age

  3. Count of Edessa
    Why Edessa?
    The Invitation from Edessa
    The Coup
    Ruler of Edessa
    The Armenian Marriage
    Support for the Crusade
    Pilgrimage to Jerusalem

  4. Crisis in Jerusalem, 1100
    Bohemond’s Capture
    Godfrey’s Rule in Jerusalem
    Godfrey’s Title
    Godfrey’s Death
    The Succession Dispute
    Baldwin’s Journey to Jerusalem

  5. King of Jerusalem
    A Royal Progress
    Bohemond’s Captivity and Release
    Raymond of Saint-Gilles
    Daibert of Pisa
    The Failure of the Holy Fire, 1101
    Six Years Later

  6. Ecclesiastical Affairs
    The Patriarchate of Jerusalem
    Daibert of Pisa
    Baldwin’s Accession
    Patriarch Evremar (1102-1108)
    Patriarch Gibelin (1108-1112)
    Patriarch Arnulf (1112-1118)

  7. The Conquest of the Littoral
    The Situation at Baldwin’s Accession
    The Capture of Arsuf, 1101
    The Siege and Capture of Caesarea, 1101
    The Siege and Capture of Acre, 1104
    The Capture of Tripoli (1109) and Beirut (1110)
    The Capture of Sidon, 1110

  8. Fighting the Saracens
    The First Battle of Ramla, 1101
    Arrival of the ‘Crusade of 1101’
    The Second Battle of Ramla, 1102
    A Saracen Ambush, 1103
    The Third Battle of Ramla, 1105
    Ambushes and Raids

  9. The Army, Administration, and Allies
    The Army
    The Crusader States
    Edessa and Antioch
    Attacks by Mawdūd of Mosul, 1110-1113
    The Turkish Invasion of 1115

  10. Last Years and Legacy
    Into Arabia
    The Last Campaign
    The Funeral Procession
    Tomb and Epitaph
    Twelfth-Century Assessments of Baldwin
    William of Tyre
    Baldwin’s Marriages
    The Succession



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Susan B. Edgington is a teaching and research fellow at Queen Mary University of London. She has written extensively on many aspects of the crusades, but it is her close familiarity with the Latin sources for the period in question, 1095-1118, that uniquely qualifies her to write this biography. She is the editor and translator of Albert of Aachen’s Historia Ierosolimitana (Oxford, 2007); translator (with Thomas S. Asbridge) of Walter the Chancellor’s The Antiochene Wars (Aldershot, 1999); (with Carol Sweetenham) of The Chanson d’Antioche (Farnham, 2011); and (with Steven Biddlecombe) of Badric of Bourgueil’s History of the Jerusalemites (Woodbridge, forthcoming). Her critical comparison of the relationship of Bartolf of Nangis’ Gesta Francorum Iherusalem expugnantium with the chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres (Crusades 13, 2014) will lead to a new edition and translation of this important source.


"Susan Edington has written a tremendously useful and welcome study of Baldwin and the history surrounding his tenure as Count of Edessa and subsequent accession to the royal title. Paying due attention both to the context of Baldwin's leadership and what the sources reveal about his character, Edgington presents new insights into the world of the First Crusade and its aftermath. The complex network of primary sources that describe the progress and memorialisation of the First Crusade and the creation of the Latin states of Outremer are dealt with deftly throughout."

- Megan Cassidy-Welch, Sehepunkte


"Edgington presents Baldwin I not as a good man, but rather a man who was good at being a king. Baldwin was the right man at the right time, and was exactly what the Kingdom of Jerusalem needed during its formative years. Similarly, this excellent biography, which brings together and expands upon many of the strands of the current research on Baldwin I, is exactly what scholars of the Latin East have needed."

- Stephen Donnachie, University of Swansea