Barley Science : Recent Advances from Molecular Biology to Agronomy of Yield and Quality book cover
1st Edition

Barley Science
Recent Advances from Molecular Biology to Agronomy of Yield and Quality

ISBN 9781560229100
Published March 12, 2002 by CRC Press
590 Pages

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Book Description

Find up-to-date information on barley for malting, food, and animal feed!

This comprehensive book covers every aspect of barley from molecular biology to agronomy of yield and quality. In addition to the exposition of the basic concepts, Barley Science explains the latest developments in the field. In addition, this remarkable book presents ideas and techniques for bridging the gap between physiology and breeding.

Beginning with the history of this ancient cultivated grain, Barley Science presents state-of-the-art information on genetics and breeding, physiology, and agronomy. One chapter explains the CERES computer simulation of barley growth, development, and yield. Every chapter includes a thorough literature review, and you will find many helpful tables and figures.

Barley Science offers cutting-edge information on the latest developments in the field, including:

  • wild barley as a source of genes for crop improvement
  • genetics and breeding for specific attributes
  • genetic engineering
  • determining barley yield under stress
  • new breeding strategies for disease resistance
  • choosing genotype, sowing date, and plant density for malting barley
  • enhancing pre-harvest sprouting resistance
  • barley proteins and malting performance
Written by the top experts in the field, Barley Science is an excellent update and broadening of the information found in previous barley books. Agronomists, breeders, geneticists, and physiologists--and their students--will turn again and again to this essential resource.

Table of Contents

  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Contribution of Barley to Agriculture. A Brief Overview
  • History of Barley Cultivation
  • Utilization of Barley
  • Share of Barley in Today's Cereal Production
  • Utilization of the Barley Crop
  • References
  • Chapter 2. New Views on the Origin of Cultivated Barley
  • Historical Introduction—The Quest for the Ancestors of Cultivated Barley
  • Proposed Centers of Origin for Barley
  • Distinctiveness of Moroccan H. spontaneum
  • Distinctiveness of Western Mediterranean H. vulgare
  • Similarities Between Western Mediterranean H. spontaneum and H. vulgare
  • Phylogenetic Conclusions: A Western Mediterranean Center of Origin for Barley?
  • Chapter 3. Molecular Mapping of the Barley Genome
  • Introduction
  • Genetic and Physical Mapping
  • Mapping of Quantitative Trait Loci
  • Mapping Disease Resistance Genes
  • Comparative Mapping and Synteny
  • Concluding Statement
  • Chapter 4. Wild Barley As a Source of Genes for Crop Improvement
  • Introduction
  • Origin and Taxonomy
  • Disease Resistance
  • Abiotic Stress Tolerance
  • Grain Quality
  • Genetic Diversity
  • Future Trends
  • Chapter 5. Genetics and Breeding of Malt Quality Attributes
  • Introduction
  • Components of Malting Quality
  • Effects of Breeding
  • Future Directions
  • Chapter 6. Genetics and Breeding of Barley Feed Quality Attributes
  • Introduction
  • Feed Quality Characteristics
  • Genetics of Feed Quality Characteristics
  • Breeding for Feed Quality
  • Projections for the Future
  • Chapter 7. Experiences with Genetic Transformation of Barley and Characteristics of Transgenic Plants
  • Introduction
  • Barley Transformation of Immature Zygotic Embryos by the Biolistic Method
  • Barley Transformation by Cocultivation of Immature Zygotic Embryos with Agrobacterium Tumefaciens
  • Marker-Free Transgenic Plants
  • Testing the Quality of the Target Gene, Its Product, and Tissue-Specific Expression
  • Identification Assays for Transformants and Selection of Homozygous Plants
  • Studying Organ Development with Barley Plants Transgenic for Homeotic Genes
  • The Production of Recombinant Proteins in Maturing and Germinating Barley Grains
  • Advantages of Tailoring a Heat Tolerant (1,3-1,4)-ß-Glucanase and Its Expression in Transgenic Barley
  • Field Testing
  • Micromalting of Transgenic Lines
  • Agronomic Characteristics of the Transgenic Lines
  • Chapter 8. Molecular Marker-Assisted versus Conventional Selection in Barley Breeding
  • Barley Breeding—Problems and Success
  • Conventional Breeding Methods
  • Marker-Assisted Selection
  • Chapter 9. Genotype by Environment Interaction and Adaptation in Barley Breeding: Basic Concepts and Methods of Analysis
  • Introduction
  • Genotype by Environment Interaction in Barley
  • An Example Data Set: Yield of a Series of Barley Isogenic Lines in Spain
  • Breeding Implications
  • Appendix: Examples of SAS Programs for the Models Described
  • Chapter 10. Initiation and Appearance of Vegetative and Reproductive Structures Throughout Barley Development
  • Introduction
  • Identification of Different Stages and Developmental Phases
  • Association Between Time Course of Organogenesis and Yield Components Generation
  • Initiation and Appearance of Vegetative and Reproductive Organs
  • Developmental Responses to Environmental Factors
  • Chapter 11. Physiological Basis of the Processes Determining Barley Yield Under Potential and Stress Conditions: Current Research Trends on Carbon Assimilation
  • Introductory Remarks
  • Physiological Factors Determining Yield
  • Potential Yield versus Stress Adaptation: Breeding Implications
  • Incidence of Stresses on Yield
  • Physiological Mechanisms to Cope with Stresses
  • Final Remarks
  • Chapter 12. Genetic Bases of Barley Physiological Response to Stressful Conditions
  • Adaptation to Stress Environments
  • Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Barley
  • Molecular Response to Pathogens
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 13. Physiological Changes Associated with Genetic Improvement of Grain Yield in Barley
  • Introduction
  • Genetic Gains in Grain Yield
  • Physiological Changes Associated with Genetic Gains in Grain Yield
  • Comparison Between Breeding Progress Reached in Barley and Other Small-Grain Cereals
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 14. Spectral Vegetation Indices as Nondestructive Indicators of Barley Yield in Mediterranean Rain-Fed Conditions
  • Introduction
  • Material and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 15. Choosing Genotype, Sowing Date, and Plant Density for Malting Barley
  • Introduction
  • Choosing Genotype
  • Choosing Sowing Date
  • Choosing Plant Density
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 16. Computer Simulation of Barley Growth, Development, and Yield
  • Introduction
  • Phasic Development
  • Growth and Organ Development
  • Potential Model Improvement
  • Evaluation of the Model
  • Appendix: Glossary of Terms
  • Chapter 17. Bases of Preharvest Sprouting Resistance in Barley: Physiology, Molecular Biology, and Environmental Control of Dormancy in the Barley Grain
  • Introduction
  • Physiology of Dormancy in Barley
  • Genetics and Molecular Biology of Dormancy in Barley
  • Environmental Control of Dormancy in Barley
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 18. The Proteins of the Mature Barley Grain and Their Role in Determining Malting Performance
  • Introduction
  • Barley Grain Structure in Relation to Protein Distribution
  • Barley Grain Proteins
  • Barley Grain Proteins and Malting Quality
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 19. Changes in Malting Quality and Its Determinants in Response to Abiotic Stresses
  • Introduction
  • Phases of the Grain Growth
  • Barley Grain Composition
  • Quality Specifications
  • Responses of Some Aspects of Grain Quality to High Temperature and Drought
  • Future Research
  • Implications
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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