Basic Hazardous Waste Management: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Basic Hazardous Waste Management

3rd Edition

By William C. Blackman, Jr.

CRC Press

488 pages

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Hardback: 9781566705332
pub: 2001-06-26
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pub: 2016-04-19
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Description

This third edition updates and expands the material presented in the best-selling first and second editions of Basic Hazardous Waste Management. It covers health and safety issues affecting hazardous waste workers, management and regulation of radioactive and biomedical/infectious wastes, as well as current trends in technologies. While the topics have been completely revised, the author employs the same practical approach that made the previous editions so popular. Chapters are structured to first outline the issue, subject, or technology, then to describe generic practice, and then to conclude with a summary of the statutory or regulatory approach.

Blackman introduces fundamental issues such as human health hazards; the environmental impacts of toxic, reactive, and ignitable materials; the mobility, pathways and fates of released hazardous materials; and the roles of science, technology, and risk assessment in the standards-setting process. He explores hazardous waste site remediation technology, and the application of federal statutes, regulations, programs, and policies to the cleanup of contaminated sites.

This text provides an introductory framework-which can serve as the foundation for a program of study in traditional as well as modern hazardous waste management-or a component of a related program. Its overview format provides numerous references to more detailed materials to assist the student or instructor in expansion on specific topics.

Table of Contents

THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERSPECTIVE

Objectives

Introduction

Dawning of the Problem

Early Efforts-What Worked/Didn't Work

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

DEFINITION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE

Objectives

Introduction

The Chemist

The Life Scientist/Health Professional

The Environmentalist

The Legislator/Lawyer/Administrator/Diplomat

Implementing the RCRA Definition of "Hazardous Waste"

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

PATHWAYS, FATES, AND DISPOSITION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE RELEASES

Objectives

Introduction

Releases of Chemicals to the Environment

Movement, Fates, and Disposition

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

TOXICOLOGY AND THE STANDARD-SETTING PROCESSES

Objectives

Introduction

Public Health Impacts

Regulatory Application of Health Standards and Criteria

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

HAZARDOUS WASTE SOURCES/GENERATORS

Objectives

Introduction

The Generator Defined

Wastes Generated

Regulatory Requirements

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

Appendix A: Examples of Hazardous Wastes Produced by Basic Industries

Appendix B: DOT Eight-Step Procedure for Preparation of Hazardous Material Shipments

TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES

Objectives

Introduction

Modes and Scope of Hazardous Waste Transportation

Regulatory Structures

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL METHODS AND PROCESSES

Objectives

Introduction

Administrative and Non-Technical Requirements

General Technical Standards for Interim Status and Permitted Facilities

Hazardous Waste Treatment

Accumulation and Storage of Hazardous Waste

Land Disposal of Hazardous Waste

Other Treatment and Disposal Methods

Land Disposal Restrictions

Topics for Review or Discussion

Appendix A: MACT Emission Standards for Hazardous Waste Combustion Units

References

POLLUTION PREVENTION, WASTE MINIMIZATION, REUSE, AND RECYCLING

Objectives

Introduction

Hazardous Waste Minimization Techniques

Multi-Conceptual Approaches

The RCRA Hazardous Waste Minimization Program

RCRC Regulation of Recycling

EPA Implementation of The Pollution Prevention Act (PPA) of 1990

Topics for Review or Discussion

Appendix A: State Agency P2 Linkages and Resources

Appendix B: P2 Information, Concepts, and Linkages

References

RCRA PERMITS, COMPLIANCE, AND ENFORCEMENT

Objectives

Introduction

Permits to Treat, Store, or Dispose of Hazardous Waste

The Corrective Action Process

Compliance Requirements of RCRA

Enforcement of RCRA Regulations

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES FOR SITE REMEDIATION

Objectives

Introduction

Identifying Problem Sites and Obtaining Background Information

Site Assessment Procedures in the Private Sector

Compliance Inspections/Investigations by Regulatory Agencies

Site Evaluation

Topics for Review or Discussion

Appendix A: ASTM Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process (Appendix x2)

References

SITE REMEDIAL TECHNOLOGIES, PRACTICES, AND REGULATIONS

Objectives

Introduction

Remedial Objectives

On-Site Remedial Techniques

Off-Site Technologies and Practices

RCRA and Superfund Remedial Actions

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

Appendix A: Typical Plants Used in Various Phytoremediation Applications

MEDICAL/BIOMEDICAL/INFECTIOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT

Objectives

Introduction

Definition and Characterization of Medical Waste

Infectious Waste Management

Treatment of infectious Waste

Topics for Review or Discussion

Appendix A: Bloodborne Pathogens Final Standard: Summary of Key Provisions

References

RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT

Objectives

Introduction

Background

The Nature, Effects, and Measurement of Radioactivity

Radiation Protection

Regulatory Structures

High-Level Radioactive Waste

Transuranic Waste Management

Low-Level Waste Management

Mixed Waste Management

Uranium Mine and Mill Tailings Management

Topics for Review or Discussion

Appendix A: Commercial and Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Options

References

UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK MANAGEMENT

Objectives

Introduction

Leaking Underground Storage Tanks-Problems and Causes

Protection of Tanks and Piping from Corrosion

Detection of Leaks from Underground Storage Tank Systems

RCRA Subtitle I Regulations and Requirements

Closure of Underground Storage Tank Facilities

Compliance Summary

Topics for Review or Discussion

References

HAZARDOUS WASTE WORKER HEALTH AND SAFETY

Objectives

Introduction

Hazards Encountered on Hazardous Waste Sites

Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response

The HAZWOPER Summarized

Other Important Topics and Compliance Issues

Appendix A: OSHA Workplace Standards That May Apply to Hazardous Waste Sites

References

Glossary

Index

*Each chapter begins with an Objectives section and an Introduction, and concludes with Topics for Review or Discussion and References.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical