Batch Processing : Modeling and Design book cover
1st Edition

Batch Processing
Modeling and Design

ISBN 9781439861196
Published February 25, 2014 by CRC Press
268 Pages 99 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Although batch processing has existed for a long time, designing these processes and unit operations has been considered an onerous task that required computational efforts. Design of these processes is made more complex because of the time dependent nature of the process and the allowable flexibility. More often than not, every unit encounters optimal control problems. Therefore, traditional design books have not covered batch processing in detail. Filling this void, Batch Processing: Modeling and Design describes various unit operations in batch and bio-processing as well as design methods for these units.

Topics include:

  • Batch distillation operating modes and configurations
  • Batch absorption operations based on the solubility difference
  • Batch adsorption based on differential affinity of various soluble molecules to solid absorbents
  • Batch chromatography for measuring a wide variety of thermodynamic, kinetic, and physico-chemical properties
  • Batch crystallization where a phase is used to find the supersaturation at which point material crystallizes
  • Batch drying that stresses the phase diagram of water to describe this operation
  • Batch filtration using a porous medium or screen to separate solids from liquids
  • Batch centrifugation where centrifugal force is used for separation

Batch processes are widely used in pharmaceutical, food, and specialty chemicals where high value, low volume products are manufactured. Recent developments in bio-based manufacturing also favor batch processes because feed variations can be easily handled in batch processes. Further, the emerging area of nanomaterials manufacturing currently uses batch processes as they are low volume, high energy intensive processes. With examples, case studies, and more than 100 homework problems, this book describes the unit operations in batch and bioprocessing and gives students a thorough grounding in the numerical methods necessary to solve these design problems.

Table of Contents

Batch Separation
Optimization and Optimal Control
Numerical Methods for Integration
Error and Stability
Numerical Integration Techniques
Orthogonal Collocation Method
Batch Reactors
Classification of Reactions and Reaction Kinetics
Irreversible Reactions
Reversible Reactions
Reactions in Parallel
Reactions in Series
Autocatalytic Reactions
Biodiesel Production: A Case Study
Batch Distillation
Early Theoretical Analysis
Hierarchy of Models
Shortcut Model
Optimization and Optimal Control
Complex Systems
Computer Aided Design Software
Optimization and Optimal Control
Optimization Problems and Software
Convex and Concave Functions
Linear Programming
Nonlinear Programming
Discrete Optimization
Optimal Control
Batch Absorption
Absorption Dynamics
Batch Extraction
Solid Extraction or Leaching
Rate of Extraction
Liquid-Liquid Extraction
Batch Adsorption
Adsorption Equilibrium
Fixed Bed or Packed Bed Adsorption
Batch Chromatography
Retention Theory
Plate Model
Batch Crystallization
Phase Diagram
Crystallization Kinetics
Modeling Cooling Batch Crystallization
Modeling Evaporative Batch Crystallization
Optimal Control Problems
Batch Drying
Thermodynamics of Drying
Rate of Drying
Types of Dryers
Batch Filtration
Conventional or Dead-End Filtration
Crossflow Filtration
Types of Filtration Equipment
Batch Centrifugation
Sedimentation in a Centrifugal Field
Filtration in Centrifugal Field
Batch Scheduling and Planning
Types of Scheduling Problems
Role of Optimization in Batch Scheduling
Industrial Scheduling Problem
Batch Process Simulation
Detailed Modeling of Single Batch Processes
Modeling of Multiproduct Batch Plants

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"…is very timely as there are only very few texts dealing with the subject in a unified manner. The book provides a good overview of batch reaction and separation processes. In particular there is a comprehensive treatment of batch separation processes that extents over nine chapters."
––Dominique Bonvin, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland

"The selection of topics is quite comprehensive… a comprehensive coverage of batch processing. A book dedicated to this topic could become a 'standard text'."
––Richard Turton, West Virginia University, Morgantown

"My impression is that many students and practitioners will find this book to be very helpful – especially those that have little experience in modeling and optimizing batch processes. To these people, the coverage in specific separation areas is likely to be attractive – depending on its comprehensiveness."
—Warren D. Seider, University of Pennsylvania