Ungulates are an extraordinarily important group of animals worldwide. In many cases, they are keystone species with a disproportionate effect on the functioning of the wider ecological systems of which they form a part. They can also serve as dominant species acting as ecological engineers and as a prey base for endangered or expanding populations of large carnivores. They are important culturally and economically, as a major source of protein in subsistence cultures and because of their wide exploitation in recreational hunting, which is still a major form of land use in many countries.
The book considers a number of aspects of the balance of cost and benefit of ungulates and their management in Europe. Through a synthesis of the underlying biology and a comparison of the management techniques adopted in different countries, management approaches which seem effective within their respective circumstances are explored. Each chapter is written by experts in their own fields, ensuring that they are aware of the most up-to-date literature on that topic and can also offer an experienced and informed review based on their own research experience.
Behaviour and management of European ungulates; Rory Putman and Marco Apollonio
Valuing ungulates in Europe; Sándor Csányi, Juan Carranza, Boštjan Pokorny, Rory Putman and Mark Ryan
Reintroductions as a management tool for European ungulates; Massimo Scandura, Marco Apollonio and Nikica Šprem
Introducing aliens: problems associated with invasive exotics; Francesco Ferretti and Sandro Lovari
Competition between domestic and wild ungulates; Roberta Chirichella, Marco Apollonio and Rory Putman
Effects of selective harvesting on ungulate populations; Atle Mysterud
The management of urban populations of ungulates; Rory Putman, Jochen Langbein, Peter Watson, Peter Green and Seán Cahill
The management of ungulates in protected areas; Stefano Grignolio, Marco Heurich, Nikica Šprem and Marco Apollonio
Challenges in the management of cross-border populations of ungulates; Carlos Fonseca, Rita Torres, João P.V. Santos, José Vingada and Marco Apollonio
Novel management methods: immunocontraception and other fertility control tools; Giovanna Massei, Dave Cowan and Douglas Eckery
Welfare issues in the management of wild ungulates; Frauke Ohl and Rory Putman
Management of ungulates in the 21st century: how far have we come?; Naomi Sykes and