212 pages | 50 B/W Illus.
Stephen Haw sets out the history of the city of Beijing, charting the course of its development from its early roots before 2000 BC to its contemporary position as capital of the People’s Republic of China.
Haw, a well-established author on China, outlines the establishment of the earliest cities in the years before 1000 BC, its status as regional capital during most of the long Zhou dynasty, and its emergence as capital of the whole of China after the conquest of the Mongol invaders under Chenghiz Khan and his successors. He considers the city’s assumption of its modern name ‘Beijing’ under the Ming dynasty, conquest by the Manchus and the turbulent years of civil war that followed the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1911, culminating in the communist revolution and Beijing’s resumption of the role of capital of China in 1949.
Overall, Haw gives an impressive account of the long and fascinating history of a city that is growing in prominence as an urban centre of global significance.
Introduction: The Northern Capital 1. At the Edge of the North China Plain: The Location and Prehistory of the Beijing Area 2. Chinese or Barbarian?: c. 2000 BC to AD 581 3. Regained and Lost: The Sui, Tang, Liao and Jin Dynasties, AD 581 to 1215 4. Destroyed and Rebuilt: The Mongol Conquest and the New City of Dadu, 1215 to 1368 5. Chinese Capital: The Ming Dynasty, 1368 to 1644 6. Change of Mandate: The Manchu Conquest, 1644 to 1860 7. Besieged: The Late Qing Dynasty, 1860 to 1911 8. Northern Peace?: The Republic, the Warlords and Communist Revolution, 1911 to 1949 9. Pride Restored: The People’s Republic of China, 1949 to 1976 10. The Modern City: 1976 to the Present 11. Government and Control of the Beijing Area 12. Chronology of Major Events 13. Tian’an men Square 14. The Forbidden City 15. The Summer Palaces and Imperial Parks 16. The Temple of Heaven and the Altars of the Earth, Sun and Moon 17. Other Temples and Religious Sites in Beijing 18. Museums in Beijing 19. The Great Wall Imperial Tombs Other Sites Outside Beijing City 20. Food in Beijing 21. The ‘Northern Barbarians’ and Beijing 22. Further Reading