Being Disabled, Becoming a Champion is an accessible presentation of current European research on the most recent evolutions in sports for people with disabilities, demonstrating knowledge developed from the field of sports practices of people with disabilities.
It covers three interrelated themes. First, it covers the different facets of the history of sports organizations set up during the 1950s for athletes with motor or intellectual impairments. The second part focuses on the athletes themselves. Voices are given to the top-level athletes in adapted sports: people with intellectual impairment; the pioneers of wheelchair racing who invented a new discipline, off-road wheelchair racing; and a former Paralympic athlete who has become a researcher and a defender of specific sports practices. Finally, the third part interrogates the way support for disabled people can modify the existing definitions and conceptions of the body, of disability, of what is human, and of sports performance.
This is an ideal text for students and researchers studying and working in the areas of Disability Studies, Sport Sciences and Paralympic Studies.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Sport in Society.
1. Introduction:From the making of Paralympic champions to justification of the bio-technical improvement of man. The ideology of progress in action
Nicolas Bancel, Julie Cornaton and Anne Marcellini
History of sport organizations and their actors
2. The divisive origins of sports for physically disabled people in Switzerland (1956–1968)
Julie Cornaton, Angela Schweizer, Sylvain Ferez and Nicolas Bancel
3. The development of Swiss wheelchair athletics. The key role of the Swiss Association of Paraplegics (1982-2015)
4. The manager, the doctor and the technician: political recognition and institutionalization of sport for the physically disabled in France (1968–1973)
Sylvain Ferez, Sébastien Ruffié, Damien Issanchou and Julie Cornaton
5. Sports games for people with intellectual disabilities. Institutional analysis of an unusual international configuration
Elise Lantz and Anne Marcellini
Athletes lyrics: competitor, pioneer, researcher
6. The "fresh talk" of adapted sport athletes
7. The institutionalization of off-road wheelchair riding in France (1990-2015): ‘truly a sport of sharing and diversity’
Gaël Villoing, Eric Perera and Nathalie Le Roux
8. Athlete, anthropologist and advocate: moving towards a lifeworld where difference is celebrated
P. David Howe
Various bodies, modified bodies, modular bodies
9. Technology at the service of natural performance: cross analysis of the Oscar Pistorius and Caster Semenya cases
Damien Issanchou, Sylvain Ferez and Eric de Léséleuc
10. Prosthetic dreams: "Wow Effect", mechanical paradigm and modular body – prospects 2. on prosthetics
11. Ethics and enhancement in sport: becoming the fastest (human?) being
Johann A. R. Roduit and Roman Gaehwiler
The social, cultural (including media) and political study of sport is an expanding area of scholarship and related research. While this area has been well served by the Sport in the Global Society series, the surge in quality scholarship over the last few years has necessitated the creation of Sport in the Global Society: Contemporary Perspectives. The series will publish the work of leading scholars in fields as diverse as sociology, cultural studies, media studies, gender studies, cultural geography and history, political science and political economy. If the social and cultural study of sport is to receive the scholarly attention and readership it warrants, a cross-disciplinary series dedicated to taking sport beyond the narrow confines of physical education and sport science academic domains is necessary. Sport in the Global Society: Contemporary Perspectives will answer this need.