This book explores the masculinity and sexuality of migration, analyzing the complex processes of becoming a man and the strategies used by men to reconcile paradoxes and contradictions that co-exist between multiple masculinities and contradictory models of being a man. Vasquez del Aguila offers a number of conceptual contributions, including the notion of “masculine capital” that provides men with the necessary “masculine” skills and cultural competence to achieve legitimacy and social recognition as men; an analysis of male friendship where notions of solidarity and intimacy co-exist with those of distrust, competition, and power relations; and three social representations of being a man: the winner, the failed, and the good enough man. By analyzing heterosexual as well as gay masculinities, and incorporating race and class relations, this study shows the multiplicity and hierarchies of masculinities presented within a particular cultural context. Through ethnographic research undertaken over more than four years in New York and Lima, Peru, this book also examines the role of the Internet and transnational romances and the ways in which migration can create new opportunities for male sexual intimacy, while for others, it creates loneliness and isolation.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Masculinity and Sexuality of the Migrant Man Part One: The Migrant’s Journey 1. The Art of Cholear: Race, Class, and the Peruvian Dilemma 2. Living Transnationally: Emotional Remmitances and Virtual Social Capital Part Two: Becoming and Being a Man 3. The Early Years: Becoming a Man and Masculine Capital 4. Being a Man: The Winner, the Failed, and the Good Enough Man 5. Friendship Between Men and the Mundo de Patas 6. Gay Masculinities: "God Forgives the Sin But Not the Scandal" Part Three: Transnational Sexual Lives 7. Imagined Romances: Searching for Love Transnationally 8. Migration and the Transformation of Intimacy 9. Conclusion: Towards a Masculinity and Sexuality of Migration. Appendix 1: Glossary. Appendix 2: Description of Life History Interviewees.
Dr. Ernesto Vasquez del Aguila is a research scholar with the Institute for Health Equity, City University of New York (CUNY), and is a research associate with the School of Social Justice, University College Dublin, Ireland. He teaches courses on Masculinities; Global Health Inequalities; and Culture, Diversity and Society. He has worked as a researcher in a diverse range of institutions in Latin America, the USA and in Europe. He has published on sexual and reproductive health; sexual minorities; equality; gender and masculinity; sexuality; and migration. He earned his PhD in medical anthropology from Columbia University, New York City.