In China, political philosophy is still a comparatively new academic discipline. While there is no such phrase as “political philosophy” in ancient Chinese texts, there are elements within them that could be considered part of that field. Central questions of Chinese ancient political philosophy include the legitimacy of the source of political power, the foundation of moral rationality for the use of political power, and the purpose of political activities. This book explores the ideas of rights, the foundations of law, transference of power, democracy and other topic as debated in ancient times.
Focusing on important political thinkers in Chinese history, such as Kongzi, Laozi, Xu Fuguan, Liang Qichao and Li Dazhao, the book explains characteristics that are particular to China, such as the system of abdication, the general will of the people, and the society of Great Harmony. While making comparisons between Chinese and Western political philosophy, the book also discusses how to establish a Chinese modern state and how to promote Chinese culture today so that it can influence more and more people around the world.
The book will be a valuable reference for scholars of Chinese philosophy, political philosophy and Chinese culture.
Foreword. Preface. Part I 1. Theory of Daoyi: A Concise Treatise on Confucius’s Political Philosophy and His Argumentation about the Legitimacy of Political Power 2. “Law Comes from the Dao”: The Philosophy of Law in the Silk Manuscript Yellow Emperor’s Four Canons 3. “Transferring to the Worthies Rather Than to the Sons”: The Political Philosophy in the Shanghai Museum Bamboo Slips Manuscript Rong Cheng Shi 容成氏 and the Question of Which School It Belongs To 4. Striving For Democracy: Confucian Political Philosophy in Ming and Qing Dynasties Part II 5. Laozi’s View of Harmony and the Ideal of Social Justice 6. A New interpretation of “Preserve Great Harmony in Union, and the Result Is Advantageous, Correct and Firm”: The Relation between Social Fairness and Utility in the Commentaries on the Book of Changes 7. The Confucian “Kingly Way for All Under Heaven” and Contemporary International Peace Part III 8. Freedom in the History of Chinese Thoughts: Vocabulary, Concept, and Idea 9. The “Cultural Liberalism” of Xu Fuguan 10. Xu Fuguan and Confucian Political Philosophy 11. On the Possibility of Dialogue between the Confucian Doctrine of “Humaneness” and Liberalism from a Humanistic Point of View 12. On Liang Qichao’s Idea of Liberty in His Earlier Works 13. A Review of Li Dazhao’s Social Ideal 14. Individual Freedom and Ideal Society: The Ideas of Freedom of Yin Haiguang and Feng Qi in Comparison Part IV 15. The “Chinese-Barbarian Distinction” and Cultural Nationalism 16. Minben 民本 and Democracy: A Comparison of the Political Ideas between China and the West 17. From Political Constitutionalism to International Political Constitutionalism: The Reasoning of Rawls’s Political Liberalism 18. Political Democracy and Chinese Democracy: Thoughts on Chinese Political Reforms and Regional Conflicts in the World Reference. Index
Routledge Studies in Contemporary Chinese Philosophy
Edited by Bryan W. Van Norden, Vassar College, USA and Yong Li, Wuhan University, China
It is widely recognized that in science, industry, and technology China is a modern superpower. However, there is still a common stereotype that Chinese philosophy consists of nothing but the earnest repetition of quaint sayings from long-dead sages. In actuality, philosophy in China today is vibrant and intellectually diverse.
The aim of this series is to publish translations of the best and most representative works by contemporary Chinese philosophers. The books in this series include contemporary studies of the history of Chinese or Western philosophy, as well as original works of research in ethics, political philosophy, metaphysics, and other areas. Routledge Studies in Contemporary Chinese Philosophy seeks to fill the large gap that currently exists in the study of Chinese philosophy by providing high-quality translations to English-language scholars.