Illustrated by case studies from Europe, North America and the Middle East, this book examines how non-market values can be identified, measured and incorporated into planning evaluation methodologies. The traditional means of assessing planning options, benefit-cost analysis, requires that all effects be expressed in monetary terms and this volume offers alternative approaches. It presents strategies for accomplishing the major purposes of planning evaluation - including the provision of an explicit, replicable basis for public assessment - in alternative ways. Growing demand for public involvement and for accountability in decision making requires better means for accommodating a broad range of concerns in planning evaluation. Methodologies examined include effectiveness-cost and multicriteria analysis, and the book explores how these have been applied in practice in developing special-issue plans, complex regional development strategies, and efforts to analyze the environmental justice implications of major infrastructure projects. Use of scenarios and problem structuring methods by stakeholder groups are also explored.
Contents: Preface; Introduction - accounting for non-market values in planning evaluation, Donald Miller and Domenico Patassini. Part I Methods and Application: Evaluation of visitability of public urban places, Henk Voogd; Methods for evaluating environmental justice - approaches to implementing U.S. Executive Order 12898, Donald Miller; Issues in transport multi-modal choice - a case study in Wales, Christopher Yewlett; Evaluation of urban green spaces, Tüzin Baycan Levent and Peter Nijkamp; Contextual knowledge generated by a decision support system for brownfield development - the case of Porto Marghera (Venice, Italy), Domenico Patassini, Paola Cossettini, Enrico De Polignol, Markus Hedorfer, Chiara Paneghetti and Enrico Rinaldi. Part II Methodological Approaches: New Strategies: Towards social value for money, Nathaniel Lichfield; The use and abuse of indicators for evaluating land use and environmental planning - experience from the UK, Barry Pearce; The contribution of strategic impact assessment to planning evaluation, Maria do Rosário Partidário; Problem structuring methods as an aid to multiple-stakeholder evaluation, Jonathan Rosenhead; Integrated planning and integrated evaluation - theoretical references and methodological approaches, Luigi Fusco Girard, Maria Cerreta and Pasquale De Torro. Part III Scenarios As An Exploratory Approach: Analysis of the INTELCITY scenarios for the city of the future from a Southern European perspective, Patrizia Lombardi and Steve Curwell; Scenarios as an exploratory evaluation approach - some experiences from Southern Mediterranean, Angela Barbanente and Abdul Khakee; Ethical and moral reasoning and dilemmas in evaluation processes - perspectives for intelligent agents, Dino Borri, Grazia Concilio, Franco Selicato and Carmelo Torre. Part IV Organizational and Institutional Context of Evaluation and Decision: Towards a conceptual framework for evaluating governance capacities in European polycentric urb