1st Edition

Biochar Amendments for Environmental Remediation

    488 Pages 100 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    In the captivating book Biochar Amendments for Environmental Remediation, readers are invited to explore the critical role of biochar in fostering a cleaner environment through its eco-friendly, cost-effective, and sustainable applications such as removal of diverse pollutants from water and wastewater.

    With 27 insightful chapters contributed by leading researchers worldwide, this book unravels the complexities of biochar production, its characteristics, and its multifaceted roles in environmental remediation. From pilot-scale production methods to removing heavy metals and micropollutants, this book comprehensively explores biochar's potential for sustainable environmental protection. Discover the cutting-edge advancements in biochar technology and gain valuable knowledge on its pivotal role in mitigating environmental challenges. Join the global discourse on biochar's diverse applications, risks, and the future of adsorption-based pollutant removal strategies.

    Biochar Amendments for Environmental Remediation is aimed at researchers, professionals in environmental engineering and anyone passionate about environmental stewardship and seeking innovative solutions for a greener, and healthier planet. Embark on a journey of discovery and empowerment as you explore the transformative potential of biochar in shaping a sustainable future.

    Section 1: Production, characterization and applications of Biochar


    1.Methods of biochar production, its modifications and characterization

        Manish Kumar, Ankush D. Sawarkar, Prathmesh Anerao     

       2 .Challenges in pilot-scale biochar production

       H. S. Mukunda, Sachin Payyanad, Annaiappa Shivakumar   


    Section 2: Biochar in Air Pollution Control and Climate Change Mitigation

    3. Application of biochar for the removal of volatile organic compounds

    Kyriaki Kaikiti, Marinos Styliano, Agapios Agapiou 

    4. Exploring the Potential of Biomass-Derived Biocoal as an Alternative Fuel: Characteristics, Combustion Performance, and Environmental Implications

    Nadly Aizat Nudri, Wan Azlina Wan Ab Karim Ghani, Robert Thomas Bachmann             

    5. Role of biochar in achieving climate resilience and climate change mitigation

    Venkateshwaran Gopal, Ambika Selvaraj    

    6. Application of biochar for achieving carbon neutrality

    Shrirang R. Maddalwar, Swati Yadav, Mohit Mishra, Apurva Mishra, Ankush Sawarkar, Lal Singh         


    Section 3: Biochar for Soil Decontamination

    7. Biochar-assisted (facilitated) immobilization of heavy metals in soil

    Shiran Pallewatta, K.S.D. Premarathna, Anusha Ekanayake, Oshadi Hettithanthri, Meththika Vithanage, Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha 

    8. Biochar Applications for Remediating Salt-Affected Soils

    Maria Isidória Silva Gonzaga , Danielle Vieira Guimarães, Airon José da Silva, Wallace Melo dos Santos 

    9. Biochar: An emerging solution for mine land reclamation

    Dipita Ghosh, Subodh Kumar Maiti

    10. Biochar for treating polluted sediments

    Matheus Bortolanza Soares, Camille Nunes Leite, Leticia de Pierri, Leônidas Carrijo Azevedo Melo, Luís Reynaldo Ferracciú Alleoni         


    Section 4: Role of Biochar in Solid Waste and Sludge Management


    11. Biochar-based biocover to reduce landfill CH4 and H2S emissions

    Dandan Huang, Qiyong Xu             

    12. Biochar enhanced sludge management

    Matthew Mamera, Johan J. van Tol

    13. Biochar to enhance environmental remediation in composting

    M.A. Sanchez-Monedero, K. Jindo, M. Sánchez-García, R. Castejón-del Pino, M.L. Cayuela


    Section 5: Emerging Applications of Biochar in Water and Wastewater Treatment


    14. Removal of emerging contaminants and micropollutants from the aquatic environment using biochar

    P.V. Nidheesh, Manish Kumar, Ansaf V. Karim, Devika Venu

    15. Development of antibacterial biochar nanocomposite and its application in wastewater treatment

    Akash Balakrishnan, Mahendra Chinthala    

    16. Modified biochars and its applications in water and wastewater treatment

    Kirusha Niththiyaraja, Oshadi Hettithanthri and Meththika Vithanage   

    17. Biochar based permeable reactive barriers

    Alma Siggins      

    18. Resource recovery from wastewater by biochar

    Hamed Heidari, Sayeda Ummeh Masrura, Shams Razzak Rothee, Eakalak Khan

    19. Biochar in subsurface wastewater infiltration systems and in constructed wetlands

    S. Himanujahn, W.A.K.S. Fonseka, B.C.L. Athapattu, Meththika Vithanage       

    20. Biochar-based activation of peroxides for advanced oxidation treatment of water and wastewater

    Aydin Hassani, Ammar Zidan, Farshid Ghanbari, Zahra Sayyar            

    21. Biochar-based microbial fuel cell

    Chandrasekhar Kuppam, Syam Babu Davuluri, Vallayya Chari Kommoju, Venkata Narayana Alugunulla, Meenakshi Singh, Rosa Anna Nastro, Gopalakrishnan Kumar             


    Section 6: Real Field Implementations and Challenges


    22. Potential health risks associated with biochar- From production to field application

    Shamim Mia, Sara Yeasmin Bristy, Keiji Jindo, Md. Nayem Hasan Munna, Md. Mahmud Rahman, Md. Kamal Uddin, Susilawati Binte Kasim, Md. Safiur Rahman             

    23. Environmental risks associated with biochar applications

    Abhishek Kumar, Wasim Akram Shaikh, Tanushree Bhattacharya        

    24. Life cycle and cost-benefit analysis of biochar

    Vartika Srivastava, M. Suresh Kumar, P. V. Nidheesh             

    25. Optimizing biochar supply chains for carbon dioxide removal: A Review of Network Models

    Beatriz A. Belmonte, Viknesh Andiappan Murugappan, Raymond R. Tan           

    26. Biochar filters and its application in drinking water treatment

    Kirusha Niththiyaraja, Oshadi Hettithanthri and Meththika Vithanage   

    27. Sustainable applications of biochar for environmental control and promotion of the circular economy

    Keiji Jindo, Yuki Audette, Cicero Célio de Figueiredo, Leonidas Carrijo Azevedo Melo, Carlos Alberto Silva, Fábio Satoshi Higashikawa, Kinya Akashi, Takafumi Konaka, Adrián Malo Sanz, Takeo Tokunari, Emmanuel O. Oyelude, Shamim Mia, Miguel Angel Sanchez-Monedero  


    P. V. Nidheesh completed B. Tech. in Civil Engineering from Government College of Engineering, Kannur, Kerala, India; M. Tech. in Environmental Engineering and Ph. D. from National Institute of Technology Trichy, Tamilnadu, India. After the completion of doctoral degree, he worked as an adhoc faculty at National Institute of Technology Calicut, Kerala, India and as an Associate Professor at Vimal Jyothi Engineering College, Chemperi, Kannur, Kerala, India. Currently he is working as a principal scientist at CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur, India. His research interest includes water and wastewater treatment, and advanced oxidation processes.

    Meththika Vithanage is an esteemed Professor and founding director of the Ecosphere Resilience Research Centre at the University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka, her pioneering vision has propelled her to the forefront of global scholarship. Prof. Vithanage's influence extends far beyond her home institution, as evidenced by her roles as an Adjunct Professor at the Institute of Agriculture, University of Western Australia, Sustainability Cluster, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, India and the National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Sri Lanka. Recently appointed as an Eminent Visiting Scientist at the Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, India, she continues to illuminate pathways for innovative research and collaboration. With a multifaceted academic background spanning water chemistry, environmental remediation, microplastics, and waste biomass conversion, Prof. Vithanage has earned international acclaim for her groundbreaking contributions.

    Vandana Sreedharan is a seasoned academician in the field of geo environmental engineering at Government College of Engineering Kannur, India.  Her research interests include use of sustainable materials for environmental control, modifying clays for use in engineered barriers and soil improvement. Through her research she has explored multi-disciplinary approaches and Vandana's dedication to her field is evident in her commitment to integrate sustainability and resilience in geo environmental systems.

    Nanthi Bolan is the Professor of Soil Science at the School of Agriculture and Environment, The University of Western Australia. He is leading the Soil Carbon Research group within the school. Nanthi’s teaching and research interests include agronomic value of manures, fertilisers and soil amendments, soil acidification, nutrient and carbon cycling, pesticide and metal pollutants interactions in soils, greenhouse gas emission, soil remediation, mine site revegetation, and waste and wastewater management.

    Bin Gao is the Kodak Chair Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Prior to this, he was a professor at University of Florida, a research associate at Cornell University, and a postdoctoral research associate at Yale University. He earned his PhD degree at Cornell University and his B.S. and M.S. degrees at Nanjing University. Prof. Gao’s research mainly focuses on biochar, environmental nanotechnology, and contaminant fate and transport. He has an extensive list of publications in the field of environmental science and engineering.

    Amit Bhatnagar is a Full Professor of Wate Treatment at the Department of Separation Science, LUT University, Finland. He is the Group Leader of Water Treatment and Algal Biotechnology Research at LUT University. He is also Head of the Master’s Degree program of Water Technology at LUT University. Earlier, he worked as a faculty at the University of Eastern Finland (2014-2020). He was awarded reputed research fellowships and conducted his postdoctoral research in various countries (Sweden, Portugal, Germany, Finland, South Korea, India, and Switzerland). Bhatnagar’s research interests include wastewater treatment, carbon capture (biofixation) and resource recovery using microalgae and microalgal consortium and the production of value-added products from algal biomass.