3rd Edition

Biochar for Environmental Management Science, Technology and Implementation

Edited By Johannes Lehmann, Stephen Joseph Copyright 2024
    902 Pages 189 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Fully revised and updated for its third edition, this book presents the definitive compilation of current knowledge on all aspects of biochar.

    Research on biochar continues to accelerate as its importance for soil health, climate change mitigation and adoption, and the circular economy becomes more widely acknowledged. This book not only reviews recent advances made in our understanding of biochar properties, behavior, and effects in agriculture, environmental management, and material production, but specifically develops fundamental principles and frameworks of biochar science and application. This third edition has been fully revised and updated to reflect recent developments and growing trends, with important coverage of the application of biochar outside of its traditional soil-based uses, the commercialization of biochar, and its incorporation into policy. This includes brand new chapters on the role of biochar-based materials for environmental remediation, building construction, and animal feed, and a greater discussion of biochar's role in the circular economy, climate change mitigation, and sustainable development. Overall, this book provides a systematic, comprehensive, and global examination of biochar. Written by an international team of academics and professionals, it addresses its uses, production, and management and its broader potential for mitigating climate change and driving forward sustainable development.

    Edited by two leading figures in the field, Biochar for Environmental Management is essential reading for students, scholars, practitioners, and policymakers interested in biochar and the role it can play in environmental sustainability and global sustainable development.

    Chapter 1:     Biochar for environmental management – an introduction

    Johannes Lehmann, Stephen Joseph


    Chapter 2:     Historical accumulation of Biochar as soil amendment

    Bruno Glaser, Doyle McKey, Luise Giani, Wenceslau Teixeira, Giuseppe di Rauso Simeone, Jens Schneeweiß, Nguyen Hien, Jeffrey Homburg


    Chapter 3:     Fundamentals of biochar production

    Robert C. Brown, Santanu Bakshi, Ondřej Mašek


    Chapter 4:     Biochar production technology

    Ondřej Mašek, Robert C. Brown, Santanu Bakshi


    Chapter 5:     Characteristics of biochar – physical and structural properties

    Catherine E. Brewer


    Chapter 6:     Characteristics of biochar – micro- and nano-chemical properties and interactions

    Sohrab Haghighi Mood, Kalidas Mainalis, Manuel Raul Pelaez-Samaniego, Manuel Garcia-Perez


    Chapter 7:     Characteristics of biochar – macro-molecular properties

    William C. Hockaday, Markus Kleber, Peter S. Nico


    Chapter 8:     Characteristics of biochar – nutrient properties

    Joann K. Whalen, Leanne Ejack, Shamim Gul, Leonardo León Castro


    Chapter 9:     A biochar classification system and associated test methods

    Balwant Singh, James E. Amonette, Marta Camps-Arbestain, Rai S. Kookana


    Chapter 10:    Aging of biochar in soils and its implications

    Joseph J. Pignatello, Minori Uchimiya, Samuel Abiven


    Chapter 11:    Persistence of biochar: mechanisms, measurements, predictions

    Johannes Lehmann, Samuel Abiven, Elias Azzi, Yunying Fang, Bhupinderpal Singh, Saran Sohi, Cecilia Sundberg, Dominic Woolf, Andrew R. Zimmerman


    Chapter 12:    Biochar transport in terrestrial ecosystems: fate and impact

    Cornelia Rumpel


    Chapter 13:    Plant productivity with biochar applications to soils

    Simon Jeffery, Frank Verheijen, Diego Abalos, Ana Bastos


    Chapter 14:    Biochar Effects on Soil Biota

    Janice E. Thies, Xavier Domene, Stephen Joseph, Xaiofan Rong, Johannes Lehmann


    Chapter 15:    Biochar effects on plant ecophysiology

    Claudia Kammann, Ellen Graber


    Chapter 16:    Biochar effects on soil nutrient transformation

    Thomas H. DeLuca, Michael J.Gundale, M. Derek MacKenzie, Si Gao, Davey L. Jones


    Chapter 17:    Biochar effects on soil carbon turnover

    Thea Whitman, Yunying Fang, Yu Luo


    Chapter 18:    Biochar influences methane and nitrous oxide emissions from soil

    Lukas Van Zwieten, Maria Luz Cayuela, Claudia Kammann, Stephen Joseph, Nicole Wrage-Mönnig, Annette Cowie, Niloofar Karimian, Ehsan Tavakkoli


    Chapter 19:    Biochar effects on nutrient leaching

    Shahla Hosseini Bai, Michael B. Farrar, Marta Gallart, Frédérique Reverchon, Sara Tahery, Negar Omidvar, Edith Kichamu-Wachira, Stephen Joseph


    Chapter 20:    Biochar effects on water availability

    Xiaodong Gao, Caroline A. Masiello


    Chapter 21:    Biochar and heavy metals

    Luke Beesley, Beatriz Cerqueira Cancelo, Michael Hardman, Manhattan Lebrun, Kerry Mitchell, Lukas Trakal


    Chapter 22:    Organic contaminants in biochar

    Wolfram Buss, Christian Wurzer, Jessica G. Shepherd, Thomas D. Bucheli


    Chapter 23:    How does biochar influence plant biotic stress?

    Amit K. Jaiswal, Omer Frenkel, Jane Debode, Ellen R. Graber


    Chapter 24:    Test procedures for biochar analysis in soils

    Michael Bird


    Chapter 25:    Biochar handling, storage, and transportation

    Tom Miles


    Chapter 26:    Biochar-based fertilizers, co-composting, and growth media

    Leônidas Carrijo Azevedo Melo, Carlos Alberto Silva, Miguel Sánchez-Monedero, Keiji Jindo, Sarasadat Taherymoosavi, Stephen Joseph


    Chapter 27:    Biochar-based materials for environmental remediation

    Hailong Wang, Hanbo Chen, Nanthi Bolan, Shengsen Wang


    Chapter 28:    Biochar as building and road material

    Harn Wei


    Chapter 29:    Biochar as an animal feed ingredient

    Roger Hagerty, Stephen Joseph, Melissa Rebbeck, Sarah Meale, Nicholas Paul


    Chapter 30:    Biochar, greenhouse gas accounting and climate change mitigation

    Annette Cowie, Elias Azzi, Zhe H. Weng, Dominic Woolf


    Chapter 31:    Biochar sustainability

    Cecilia Sundberg, Elias Azzi


    Chapter 32:    Markets for biochar products and services

    Josef Maroušek, Anna Maroušková, Otakar Strunecký, Babak Minofar


    Chapter 33:    Economics of biochar production and use

    Stephen Joseph, Simon Shackley, Ruy Anaya de la Rosa, Gerard Cornelissen, Adam O’Toole, Einar Stuve


    Chapter 34:    Policy and biochar

    Tristan Brown, Jenny R. Frank


    Chapter 35:    Biochar in environmental management: outlook and conclusion

    Yong Sik Ok, Piumi Amasha Withana, Stephen Joseph, Johannes Lehmann


    Johannes Lehmann is Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor of soil biogeochemistry and soil fertility management at Cornell University, USA, Co-founder of the International Biochar Initiative, and member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the German National Academy of Sciences (Leopoldina).

    Stephen Joseph is a visiting Professor in the School of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of New South Wales, Australia, and Co-founder of the International Biochar Initiative.