Wetland ecosystems maintain a fragile balance of soil, water, plant, and atmospheric components in order to regulate water flow, flooding, and water quality. Marginally covered in traditional texts on biogeochemistry or on wetland soils, Biogeochemistry of Wetlands is the first to focus entirely on the biological, geological, physical, and chemical processes that affect these critical habitats.
This book offers an in-depth look at the chemical and biological cycling of nutrients, trace elements, and toxic organic compounds in wetland soil and water column as related to water quality, carbon sequestration, and greenhouse gases. It details the electrochemistry, biochemical processes, and transformation mechanisms for the elemental cycling of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. Additional chapters examine the fate and chemistry of heavy metals and toxic organic compounds in wetland environments. The authors emphasize the role of redox-pH conditions, organic matter, microbial-mediated processes that drive transformation in wetlands, plant responses and adaptation to wetland soil conditions. They also analyze how excess water, sediment water, and atmospheric change relate to elemental biogeochemical cycling.
Delivering an in-depth scientific examination of the natural processes that occur in wetland ecosystems, Biogeochemistry of Wetlands comprises a key perspective on the environmental impact of pollutants and the role freshwater and coastal wetlands play in global climate change.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Basic Concepts and Terminology. Biogeochemical Characteristics of Wetlands. Electrochemical Properties. Carbon. Oxygen. Adaptation of Plants to Soil Anaerobiosis. Nitrogen. Phosphorous. Biogeochemistry of Iron and Manganese. Sulfur. Metals/Metalloids. Toxic Organic Compounds. Soil and Floodwater Exchange Processes. Biogeochemical Indicators. Wetlands and Global Climate Change. Freshwater Wetlands: The Everglades. Coastal Wetlands: Mississippi River Deltaic Plain Coastal Marshes, Louisiana. Advances in Biogeochemistry. References. Index.
"… represents the new generation of books that comprehensively describe the principles and advances in the field of wetland science … . I strongly recommend this book … chocked full of well-designed and well-thought out figures. … the authors, with nearly a century of research experience between them, are among the giants in the field of wetland biogeochemistry … . You will enjoy using and referencing this book … I know I will."
– Christopher Craft, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University in Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 73, No. 2, 2009