Biohydrogen is a promising gaseous biofuel that has prospective applications in combined heat and power, for fuel cells, or as a precursor for chemicals production. Hydrogen can also be converted to liquid hydrocarbon fuels and value-added chemicals through catalytic thermochemical or through biocatalytic biological pathways. This book addresses both the fundamentals as well as advanced new technological research on biohydrogen production by focusing on recent global research with emphasis on the technological, environmental, socioeconomic, and techno-economic aspects. It covers some the important advances in the production and utilization of biohydrogen and its solutions for clean fuel, waste management, waste valorization, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and climate change mitigation.
The book first covers the basic principles, benefits, and challenges concerning both the biological and thermochemical routes for biohydrogen production and then goes on to address topics such as biomass conversion to hydrogen through gasification with a focus on the process parameters, catalytic reforming technologies for hydrogen production concerning various feedstocks, the co-conversion of plastic wastes and biomass into biohydrogen through co-gasification technology, the effect of process parameters on syngas yields through co-gasification; fermentative hydrogen production technologies, the molecular mechanism of hydrogen production and enhancing the yield in hydrogen production by genetic and metabolic engineering, hydrogen production routes through microbial electrolysis, and much more.
Table of Contents
1. Recent Advancements in Biohydrogen Production: Thermochemical and Biological Conversion Routes
Meenakshi Rajput, Amandeep Brar, Vivekanand Vivekanand, and Nidhi Pareek
2. Production of Hydrogen through Gasification Technology
Paresh H. Rana
3. Hydrogen Production by Catalytic Reforming Process
Chandramani Rai and Prabu Vairakannu
4. Co-Conversion of Plastic Wastes and Biomass into Biohydrogen
Krushna Prasad Shadangi
5. An Overview of the Fermentative Hydrogen Production Technologies
Prakash K. Sarangi, Sonil Nanda, Ajay K. Dalai, and Janusz A. Kozinski
6. Genetic Engineering and Fabrication of Microbial Cell System for Biohydrogen Production
Sushma Chauhan, Balasubramanian Velramar, Rakesh Kumar Soni, Mohit Mishra, Vargobi Mukherjee, Tanushree Baldeo Madavi, and Sudheer D.V.N. Pamidimarri
7. Hydrogen Production through Microbial Electrolysis
Latika Bhatia, Prakash Kumar Sarangi, and Sonil Nanda
8. Confluence of Nanocatalysts and Bioenergy: An Overview of Microbial Electrochemical Systems and Biohydrogen Production
Piyush Parkhey, Kush Nayak, Reecha Sahu, and Arunima Sur
Sonil Nanda, PhD, is Director of Research & Development at Titan Clean Energy Projects Corporation in Craik, Saskatchewan, Canada. He has published over 120 peer-reviewed journal articles and 70 book chapters and has presented at many international conferences. He is the editor of many books and serves as a fellow and/or member of many professional associations. Dr. Nanda is Assistant Subject Editor of the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy as well as Associate Editor of Environmental Chemistry Letters and Applied Nanoscience. He has also edited several special issues of renowned journals. His research areas are related to the production of advanced biofuels and biochemicals through thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies such as gasification, pyrolysis, carbonization, torrefaction, and fermentation.
Prakash Kumar Sarangi, PhD, is a scientist with a specialization in food microbiology at the Central Agricultural University in Imphal, Manipur, India. Dr. Sarangi’s current research is focused on bioprocess engineering, renewable energy, biofuels, biochemicals, biomaterials, fermentation technology, and postharvest engineering and technology. He has more than 10 years of teaching and research experience in biochemical engineering, microbial biotechnology, downstream processing, food microbiology, and molecular biology. He has served as a reviewer for many international journals and has authored more than 70 peer-reviewed research articles and 50 book chapters. Dr. Sarangi has also edited many books and also serves as an academic editor for PLOS One journal.