Biological Invasions: Economic and Environmental Costs of Alien Plant, Animal, and Microbe Species, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Biological Invasions

Economic and Environmental Costs of Alien Plant, Animal, and Microbe Species, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

Edited by David Pimentel, Ph.D.

CRC Press

463 pages | 36 B/W Illus.

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The impact of invasive species is second only to that of human population growth and associated activities as a cause of the loss of biodiversity throughout the world. In the United States, invasions of nonnative plants, animals, or microbes cause major environmental damage. The second edition of Biological Invasions: Economic and Environmental Costs of Alien Plant, Animal, and Microbe Species represents the most current, single-source reference containing scientific and economic information on this timely subject.

This volume reconfirms the diverse and unpredictable roles that non-native species assume as they invade new ecosystems: destruction of vital crops and forests, major damages to ecosystems leading to loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, and water loss. The text provides information on how the non-native species invade new ecosystems, their subsequent environmental effects, and estimates on economic impacts. Biological Invasions supplies scientists, policymakers, and the public with a better understanding of the invading species and how to prevent their spread and improve control procedures.


"[This book] provides some excellent examples through a collection of papers on the costs of invasive species to societies and environments in seven countries. … One of the strengths of this collection is the mix of contributions of experienced contributors from both university and management sectors. … [This book] will be a handy source of examples and models for students and practitioners alike, as well as access to a far-flung literature. And it will be a handy reference for all those involved in developing effective responses to a hydra-headed problem. The editor and authors are to be applauded … ."

— Ecology, Vol. 85, No. 5, May 2004

"Of interest to policymakers, scientists, researchers, and the general public, this book offers rare insights into the economic impacts to a global marketplace."

— Southeastern Naturalist, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2004

Table of Contents

Introduction: Nonnative species in the world

David Pimentel


The impacts of alien plants in Australia

Richard H. Groves

Environmental and economic costs of invertebrate invasions in Australia

Deon Canyon, Ian Naumann, Rick Speare, and Ken Winkel


Invasive vertebrates in Brazil

Carlos Frederico D. Rocha, Helena Godoy Bergallo, and Rosana Mazzoni

British Isles

Alien plants in Britain

Mark Williamson

Economic, environmental, and social dimensions of alien vertebrate species in Britain

Piran C. L. White, Adriana E. S. Ford-Thompson, Carolyn J. Snell, and Stephen Harris


Impacts of alien vertebrates in Europe

Susan M. Shirley and Salit Kark

Invasive patterns of alien terrestrial invertebrates in Europe

Alain Roques

Invasive plant pathogens in Europe

Ivan Sache, Anne-Sophie Roy, Frédéric Suffert, and Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau


Invasive plants in the Indian subcontinent

Daizy R. Batish, R. K. Kohli, and H. P. Singh

Invasive invertebrates in India: Economic implications

T. N. Ananthakrishnan

New Zealand

Economic impacts of weeds in New Zealand: Some examples

Peter A. Williams and Susan M. Timmins

Ecological and economic costs of alien vertebrates in New Zealand

M. N. Clout

South Africa

The economic consequences of the environmental impacts of alien plant invasions in South Africa

D. C. Le Maitre, W. J. de Lange, D. M. Richardson, R. M. Wise, and B. W. van Wilgen

Invasive vertebrates of South Africa

Berndt J. van Rensburg, Olaf L. F. Weyl, Sarah J. Davies, Nicola J. van Wilgen, Dian Spear, Christian T. Chimimba, and Derick S. Peacock

United States

Rodents and other vertebrate invaders in the United States

Michael W. Fall, Michael L. Avery, Tyler A. Campbell, Peter J. Egan, Richard M. Engeman, David Pimentel, William C. Pitt, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Gary W. Witmer

Environmental and economic costs associated with alien invasive species in the United States

David Pimentel

About the Editor

David Pimentel, Ph.D., is Professor of Ecology of Agricultural Sciences in the Department of Entomology and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University. His research and consulting accomplishments cut across many disciplines. Dr. Pimentel has served on Presidential Commissions and National Academy of Sciences’ Boards and Committees. He has authored nearly 700 scientific publications, written three books, and edited 34 books.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Zoology / General