Biological Wastewater Treatment: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Biological Wastewater Treatment

3rd Edition

By C. P. Leslie Grady, Jr., Glen T. Daigger, Nancy G. Love, Carlos D. M. Filipe

CRC Press

1,022 pages | 311 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2011-05-09
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Description

Following in the footsteps of previous highly successful and useful editions, Biological Wastewater Treatment, Third Edition presents the theoretical principles and design procedures for biochemical operations used in wastewater treatment processes. It reflects important changes and advancements in the field, such as a revised treatment of the microbiology and kinetics of nutrient removal and an update of the simulation of biological phosphorous removal with a more contemporary model.

See what’s new in the Third Edition:

  • A chapter devoted to the description and simulation of anaerobic bioreactors
  • Coverage of applications of submerged attached growth bioreactors
  • Expanded discussion of modeling attached growth systems
  • Increased information on the fate and effects of trace contaminants as they relate to xenobiotic organic chemicals
  • A chapter on applying biochemical unit operations to design systems for greater sustainability

The book describes named biochemical operations in terms of treatment objectives, biochemical environment, and reactor configuration; introduces the format and notation used throughout the text; and presents the basic stoichiometry and kinetics of microbial reactions that are key to quantitative descriptions of biochemical operations. It then examines the stoichiometry and kinetics used to investigate the theoretical performance of biological reactors containing microorganisms suspended in the wastewater. The authors apply this theory to the operations introduced, taking care to highlight the practical constraints that ensure system functionality in the real world.

The authors focus on further biochemical operations in which microorganisms grow attached to solid surfaces, adding complexity to the analysis, even though the operations are often simpler in application. They conclude with a look to the future, introducing the fate and effects of xenobiotic and trace contaminants in wastewater treatment systems and examining how the application of biochemical operations can lead to a more sustainable world.

Table of Contents

Introduction and Background

Classification of Biochemical Operations

The Role of Biochemical Operations

Criteria for Classification

Common “Named” Biochemical Operations

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Fundamentals of Biochemical Operations

Overview of Biochemical Operations

Major Types of Microorganisms and Their Roles

Microbial Ecosystems in Biochemical Operations

Important Processes in Biochemical Operations

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Stoichiometry and Kinetics of Aerobic/Anoxic Biochemical Operations

Stoichiometry and Generalized Reaction Rate

Biomass Growth and Substrate Utilization

Soluble Microbial Product Formation

Solubilization of Particulate and High Molecular Weight Organic Matter

Ammonification and Ammonia Utilization

Phosphorus Uptake and Release

Simplified Stoichiometry and Its Use

Effects of Temperature

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Theory: Modeling of Ideal Suspended Growth Reactors

Modeling Suspended Growth Systems

Modeling Microbial Systems

Mass Balance Equation

Reactor Types

Modeling Nonideal Reactors

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Aerobic Growth of Heterotrophs in a Single Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor Receiving Soluble Substrate

Basic Model for a Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor

Extensions of the Basic Model

Effects of Kinetic Parameters

Biomass Wastage and Recycle

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Multiple Microbial Activities in a Single Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor

International Water Association Activated Sludge Models

Effect of Particulate Substrate

Nitrification and Its Impacts

Denitrification and Its Impacts

Multiple Events

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Multiple Microbial Activities in Complex Systems

Modeling Complex Systems

Conventional and High Purity Oxygen Activated Sludge

Step Feed Activated Sludge

Contact Stabilization Activated Sludge

Modified Ludzack–Ettinger Process

Four-Stage Bardenpho Process

Biological Phosphorus Removal Process

Sequencing Batch Reactor

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Stoichiometry, Kinetics, and Simulations of Anaerobic Biochemical Operations

Stoichiometry of Anaerobic Biochemical Operations

Kinetics of Anaerobic Biochemical Operations

Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Techniques for Evaluating Kinetic and Stoichiometric Parameters

Treatability Studies

Simple Soluble Substrate Model with Traditional Decay as Presented in Chapter 5

Simple Soluble Substrate Model with Traditional Decay in the Absence of Data on the Active Fraction

Use of Batch Reactors to Determine Monod Kinetic Parameters for Single Substrates

Complex Substrate Model with Lysis:Regrowth Approach to Decay as Presented in Chapter 6 (International Water Association Activated Sludge Model No. 1)

Using Traditional Measurements to Approximate Wastewater Characteristics for Modeling

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Applications: Suspended Growth Reactors

Design and Evaluation of Suspended Growth Processes

Guiding Principles

Iterative Nature of Process Design and Evaluation

Basic Decisions during Design and Evaluation

Levels of Design and Evaluation

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Activated Sludge

Process Description

Factors Affecting Performance

Process Design

Process Operation

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Biological Nutrient Removal

Process Description

Process Design

Process Operation

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Aerobic Digestion

Process Description

Factors Affecting Performance

Process Design

Process Operation

Study Questions

References

Anaerobic Processes

Process Description

Factors Affecting Performance

Process Design

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Lagoons

Process Description

Factors Affecting Performance

Process Design

Process Operation

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Theory: Modeling of Ideal Attached Growth Reactors

Biofilm Modeling

Effects of Transport Limitations

Effects of Multiple Limiting Nutrients

Multispecies Biofilms

Multidimensional Mathematical Models of Biofilms

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Biofilm Reactors

Packed Towers

Rotating Disc Reactors

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Fluidized Bed Biological Reactors

Description of Fluidized Bed Biological Reactor

Fluidization

Modeling Fluidized Bed Biological Reactors

Theoretical Performance of Fluidized Bed Biological Reactors

Sizing a Fluidized Bed Biological Reactor

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Applications: Attached Growth Reactors

Trickling Filter

Process Description

Factors Affecting Performance

Process Design

Process Operation

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Rotating Biological Contactor

Process Description

Factors Affecting Performance

Process Design

Process Operation

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Submerged Attached Growth Bioreactors

Process Description

Factors Affecting Performance

Process Design

Process Operation

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Future Challenges

Fate and Effects of Xenobiotic Organic Chemicals

Biodegradation

Abiotic Removal Mechanisms

Relative Importance of Biotic and Abiotic Removal

Effects of Xenobiotic Organic Chemicals

Experience with Xenobiotic Organic Chemicals

Key Points

Study Questions

References

Designing Systems for Sustainability

Defining Sustainability

Technologies to Achieve Greater Water Resource Availability

Technologies to Achieve Lower Energy and Chemical Consumption

Technologies to Achieve Resource Recovery

Closing Comments

Study Questions

References

Appendix A: Acronyms

Appendix B: Symbols

Appendix C: Unit Conversions

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply