Biology for Engineers: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Biology for Engineers

1st Edition

By Arthur T. Johnson

CRC Press

775 pages | 305 Color Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420077636
pub: 2010-09-29
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Description

Biology is a critical application area for engineering analysis and design, and students in engineering programs must be well-versed in the fundamentals of biology as they relate to their field. Biology for Engineers is an introductory text that minimizes unnecessary memorization of connections and classifications and instead emphasizes concepts, technology, and the utilization of living things. Whether students are headed toward a bio-related engineering degree or one of the more traditional majors, biology is so important that all engineering students should know how living things work and act.

Classroom-tested at the University of Maryland, this comprehensive text introduces concepts and terminology needed to understand more advanced biology literature. Filled with practical detailed examples, the book presents:

  • Scientific principles relevant to biology that all engineers must know
  • A discussion of biological responses from the perspective of a broad range of fields such as psychology, human factors, genetics, plant and animal physiology, imaging, control systems, actuary, and medicine
  • A thorough examination of the scaling of biological responses and attributes
  • A classification of different types of applications related to biological systems
  • Tables of useful information that are nearly impossible to find elsewhere
  • A series of questions at the end of each chapter to test comprehension

Emphasizing the ever-present interactions between a biological unit and its physical, chemical, and biological environments, the book provides ample instruction on the basics of physics, chemistry, mathematics, and engineering. It brings together all of the concepts one needs to understand the role of biology in modern technology.

Table of Contents

I. INTRODUCTION

Science and Engineering

Scientific Method

Mathematical Modeling

Biological Engineering

Expectations for Biological Engineers

About Predictions

About This Book

Questions

II. PRINCIPLES FROM THE SCIENCES

Principles of Physics

Effort and Flow Variables

Balances

States of Matter

Equivalence of Work and Energy

Free Energy

Disorder and Entropy

Heat Transfer

Movement of Materials

Fluid Mechanics

Solid Mechanics

Electricity

Temperature Effects

Questions

Principles of Chemistry

Periodic Nature of Elements

Chemical Bonding

Chemical Equilibrium

Acids and Bases

Reaction Rates

Carbon Chemistry

Physical Chemistry in Water

Protein Folding

Shape Effects and Enzymes

Energy-Rich Compounds

Temperature and Pressure Effects

Free Energy

Questions

Principles of Mathematics and Engineering Sciences

Equality

Randomness and Probability

Calculus

Control Systems

Optimization

Information

Analog and Digital Signal Processing

Questions

Principles of Biology

Form and Function

Modularity and Incremental Change

Genetic Basis

Competition and Selection

Biological Hierarchies

Is Biology Complex or Simple?

Questions

III. RESPONSES OF LIVING SYSTEMS

Biological Responses in Context

BU Need Water

BU Need the Right Amount of Oxygen

BU Need Food and Nutrients

BU Become Ill in the Presence of Wastes

BU Need Heat Sources and Sinks

BU Adapt to Their Environments

BU Modify Their Environments

Adaptations Require Extra Energy and Resources

BU, If Possible, Move to Friendlier Environments

BU Evolve under Environmental Pressures

Crowding of BU Produces Stress

BU Are Affected by Chemical Stresses

BU Respond to Mechanical Stresses

Optimization Is Used to Save Energy and Nutrient Resources

BU Alter Themselves to Protect against Harsh Environments

BU Cooperate with Other BU

BU Compete with Other BU

BU Reproduce

BU Coordinate Activities through Communication

BU Maintain Stability with Exquisite Control

BU Go Through Natural Cycles

BU Need Emotional Satisfaction and Intellectual Stimulation

BU Die

Questions

IV. SCALING FACTORS

Allometric Relationships from Evolutionary Pressure

Allometric Relationships from Evolutionary Pressure

Dimensional Analysis

Golden Ratio

Fractal Scaling within an Organism

Self-Similarity for Tissues and Organs

Plant Growth

Self-Similarity in Populations

Questions

V. UTILIZING LIVING SYSTEMS

Biological Engineering Solutions

Systems Approach

Relationships between Engineering and Biology

The Completed Design

Dénouement

Questions

APPENDICES

REFERENCES

INDEX

About the Author

Arthur T. Johnson attended Cornell University for his undergraduate and graduate degrees and he earned his Ph.D. in 1969. He has been on the faculty of the University of Maryland since 1986. His research interests include human performance wearing respiratory protective masks, respiratory mechanics and measurement, and transport processes.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED009000
MEDICAL / Biotechnology