Biology of Floral Scent: 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Biology of Floral Scent

1st Edition

Edited by Natalia Dudareva, Eran Pichersky

CRC Press

360 pages

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pub: 2006-03-27
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Description

As with nearly all living creatures, humans have always been attracted and intrigued by floral scents. Yet, while we have been manufacturing perfumes for at least 5000 years to serve a myriad of religious, sexual, and medicinal purposes, until very recently, the limitation of our olfactory faculty has greatly hindered our capacity to clearly and ob

Table of Contents

CHEMISTRY OF FLORAL SCENT. Detection and Identification of Floral Scent Compounds. The Chemical Diversity of Floral Scent. BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF FLORAL SCENT. Floral Scent Metabolic Pathways: Their Regulation and Evolution. Biosynthesis of Volatile Terpenes in the Flowers of the Model Plant Arabidopsis thaliana. An Integrated Genomics Approach to Identifying Floral Scent Genes in Rose. CELL BIOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FLORAL SCENT. Localization of the Synthesis and Emission of Scent Compounds Within the Flower. Examination of the Processes Involved in the Emission of Scent Volatiles from Flowers. PLANT-INSECT INTERACTIONS AND POLLINATION ECOLOGY. Relationship Between Floral Fragrance Composition and Type of Pollinator. Floral Scent and Butterfly Pollinators. Floral Scent and Pollinator Attraction in Sexually Deceptive Orchids. Detection and Coding of Flower Volatiles in Nectar-Foraging Insects. Learning-Based Recognition and Discrimination of Floral Odors. Behavioral Responses to Floral Scent: Experimental Manipulations and the Interplay of Sensory Modalities. COMMERCIAL ASPECTS OF FLORAL SCENT. Molecular Engineering of Floral Scent. Index.

About the Editors

Eran Pichersky is the Michael M. Martin collegiate professor in the Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Professor Pichersky received his bachelor of science degree from the School of Natural Resources at the University of California, Berkeley, and his Ph.D. from the University of California at Davis. He was a postdoctoral researcher at Rockefeller University from 1984 to 1987, when he moved to the University of Michigan. In 2000 he was a senior Fulbright fellow as well as a senior Alexander von Humboldt fellow while visiting the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany. Professor Pichersky has trained more than 20 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, and has authored more than 150 scientific papers. His research over the years has involved the biosynthesis of scent volatiles in the flowers of the California annual plant Clarkia breweri and in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. His group has also been studying the volatile compounds that are stored in special glands on the leaves of tomato and basil and are released when the plant is injured by insect herbivores. Such volatiles act as deterrents against the herbivores and also help to attract predators of the herbivores. Natalia Dudareva is a professor at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana. She received her B.Sc. and M.Sc. in biology and biochemistry at the Novosibirsk State University, Russia, and Ph.D. in molecular biology at the Institute of Biochemistry, Kiev, Ukraine, in 1982. From 1982 to 1991 she worked as a senior scientist in the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Novosibirsk and her research focused on the structural organization and transcription of the plant mitochondrial genome. Dudareva then completed her postdoctoral training at the Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Strasbourg, France (1991–1993), and in the Department of Biological Science, Windsor University, Windsor, Ontario, Canada (1993–1995), with emphasis on isolation and characterization of pollen-specific genes in sunflower. As a postdoctoral research fellow in the laboratory of Professor Eran Pichersky at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, she became interested in plant secondary metabolism and biosynthesis of plant volatile compounds. Using Antirrhinum majus and Petunia hybrida as model systems, she continued the investigation of the regulation of floral volatiles’ production at Purdue University, where she became an assistant professor in 1997 and an associate professor in 2001. Dudareva’s laboratory is now combining the power of biochemical and genetic engineering approaches with metabolic modeling to gain new insights into the metabolic network leading to volatile secondary metabolites and to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the regulation of their production and emission in planta. In 2005 she received Purdue’s 2005 Agriculture Research Award for her contributions to the understanding of the biochemistry of floral scent compounds.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI011000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI049000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Molecular Biology
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General