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Biology of the Three-Spined Stickleback




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ISBN 9780849332197
Published December 15, 2006 by CRC Press
408 Pages - 51 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Highlighting the growing importance of the sticklebacks as a model species in emerging fields such as molecular genetics, genomics, and environmental toxicology, Biology of the Three-Spined Stickleback examines data from researchers who use studies of the stickleback to address a wide range of biological issues. This state-of-the-art volume is the first comprehensive review of the biological research on this important fish in more than a decade.

The book presents current knowledge on the geographic and genetic variation of the ubiquitous three-spined stickleback and explores the possibility of any subdivision within currently recognized stickleback species. It provides a summary of important new molecular tools available, and how these tools can be used to study the genetic architecture and molecular basis of evolutionary change in different stickleback populations around the world. The book also lays out their physiology, historical factors, geographic distribution, and describes the features of their biology that seem to promote rapid speciation. It covers reproductive behavior in chronological order, and the mechanisms and selection pressures behind the activities that sticklebacks perform during the different phases of the breeding season.

Full of cutting-edge data, the book discusses the umwelt of the three-spine stickleback, with particular reference to how that world interacts with and shapes intraspecific communication during the breeding season. It covers developments in stickleback reproductive physiology from 1991 onward and summarizes studies performed — mainly within the fields of behavioral ecology and physiology — on some of the less-studied stickleback species. The book touches on the biology, in particular the behavioral ecology, of the 15-spined stickleback. Emphasizing the importance of the sticklebacks to a variety of disciplines, this book presents information that is both extensive and authoritative.

Table of Contents

Phylogeny, Systematics, and Taxonomy of Sticklebacks, M.Y. Mattern
General Introduction
Spinachia Cuvier 1817
Apeltes DeKay 1842
Culaea Whitley 1950
Pungitius Coste 1848
Gasterosteus Linnaeus 1758
Family-Level Relationships
General Conclusions
References
Appendix: Synonymy
The Molecular Genetics of Evolutionary Change in Sticklebacks, D.M. Kingsley and C.L. Peichel
Introduction: The Growth of Genomic Resources for Three-Spined Sticklebacks
Developing a Toolkit for Molecular Analysis
Applications to Specific Traits
Discussion
Concluding Remarks
Acknowledgments
References
Speciation in Sticklebacks, J.W. Boughman
Introduction
Setting the Stage
The Basis of Reproductive Isolation
Mechanisms of Speciation: Natural Selection and Reproductive Isolation
The Genetics of Parallel Evolution and Speciation
Persistence and Conservation of Species
Acknowledgements
References
Antipredator Defences in Sticklebacks: Trade-Offs, Risk Sensitivity, and Behavioural Syndromes, F. Huntingford and S. Coyle
Predators of Sticklebacks
Antipredator Adaptations in Sticklebacks
Effects of Local Predation Regimes
Costs, Benefits, and Trade-Offs
Individual Variability in Risk Taking
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References
Reproductive Behaviour in the Three-Spined Stickleback, S. Östlund-Nilsson
Introduction
Territoriality
Nest Building
Paternal Care
Courtship and Mate Choice
References
The Umwelt of the Three-Spined Stickleback, D.A. McLennan
Introduction
Vision
Olfaction
What Sensory Systems are Left to Study?
Umwelt and Us
References
Reproductive Physiology of Sticklebacks, B. Borg
Introduction
Spermatogenesis and Spermatozoa
Gonadal Hormones
Secondary Sexual Characters
Brain–Pituitary–Gonadal Axis
Control of the Seasonal Reproductive Cycle
References
Hormonal Control of Reproductive Behaviour in the Stickleback, I. Mayer and M. Páll
Introduction
Reproductive Behaviour in the Stickleback
Gonadal Steroids and Reproductive Behaviour
Androgen–Behaviour Relationships over the Nesting Cycle
Cost–Benefit Trade-Offs Associated with High Androgen Levels
Prolactin and Behaviour
Other Factors
Behaviour and Other Stickleback Species
Endocrine Disruption of Reproductive Behaviour
Summary
References
Host–Parasite Interactions of the Three-Spined Stickleback, I. Barber
Introduction
Patterns of Infection in Three-Spined Sticklebacks
Avoiding Infections: Behavioural and Immunological Resistance to Parasites
Morphological and Physiological Effects of Infection
Behavioural Effects of Infections
Fitness Consequences of Infections in Natural Populations
References
The Use of the Stickleback as a Sentinel and Model Species in Ecotoxicology, I. Katsiadaki
Introduction
The Ideal Model and Sentinel Species?
Environmental Sentinel
Endocrine Disruption in the Environment
Summary
Acknowledgements
References
The Biology of Other Sticklebacks, S. Östlund-Nilsson and I. Mayer
Introduction
The 15-Spined Stickleback, Spinachia spinachia
The Black-Spotted Stickleback, Gasterosteus wheatlandi
The Nine-Spined Stickleback, Pungitius pungitius
The Brook Stickleback, Culaea inconstans
The Four-Spined Stickleback, Apeltes quadracus
Evolution of Sticklebacks: Further Evidence of a Marine Ancestor
References
Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Ostlund-Nilsson\, Sara; Mayer\, Ian; Huntingford\, Felicity Anne

Reviews

“… introduce(s) 11 contributed chapters that examine the dramatic structural and behavioral differences in naturally isolated stickleback populations in light of the latest genetic mapping studies. …”
—  In Book News Inc., June 2007

"Biology of the Three-Spined Stickleback includes a good selection of important topics and some well-conceived and well-written reviews."

– Michael A. Bell, Ecology & Evolution, Stony Brook University, in The Quarterly Review of Biology, June 2008, Vol. 83, No. 2