Biopolymers are attracting immense attention of late because of their diverse applications that can address growing environmental concerns and energy demands. The development of various biomaterials creates significant advancements in the medical field as well, and many biopolymers are used for the fabrication of biomaterials. Together, biopolymers and biomaterials create great potential for new materials, applications, and uses.
This new volume, Biopolymers and Biomaterials, covers the science and application of biopolymers and biomaterials. It presents an array of different studies on biopolymers and biomaterials, along with their results, interpretation, and the conclusions arrived at through investigations. It includes biopolymer synthesis, their characterizations, and their potential applications.
The book begins with an explanation of the different biopolymers used in the textile industry, their advantages and disadvantages, and their applications.
Table of Contents
Biopolymers in Textile Industry
Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
Importance of Wood Preservation: An Indian Overview
Cashew Nut Shell Liquid-Based Advanced Functional Materials
Shabnam Khan, Laxmi, Hina Zafar, Eram Sharmin, Fahmina Zafar, and Nahid NishatSynthesis and Characterization of Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) Matrix Compositions for Composites Applications
A. V. Sawant, A. R. Takalkar, and K. Padmanabhan
Synthetic Approach for Polyurethane from Renewable Material (Cashew Nut Husk Tannin)
A. J. Sunija and S. Siva Ilango
Recycling of Textile Mill (Cellulosic) Waste Into Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) for Textile Printing
Javed Sheikh and V. D. Gotmare
Sustainable Noise Control Materials Based on Bamboo/Unsaturated Polyester Composites: Analysis of Factors Affecting the Sound Absorption Coefficients
Elammaran Jayamani, Sinin Hamdan, and Muhammad Khusairy Bin Bakri
Morphological and Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Chemically Treated Bauhinia racemosa/Glass Fiber Polymer Composites
J. Ronald Aseer, K. Sankaranarayasamy, P. Jeyabalan, and Priya K. Dasan
Optimization of Plasma Modification for Low-Temperature Dyeing of Silk Fabric
M. D. Teli, Pintu Pandit, and Kartick K. Samanta
Partial Replacement of Carbon Black by Rice Hulls and Soy Short Fibers as Fillers in Natural Rubber Composites: Effect on Mechanical Properties
Ajay Vasudeo Rane, Krishnan Kanny, V. K. Abitha, and Sabu Thomas
Bio-Resins and Bio-Plastics Synthesized from Agricultural Products for Novel Applications: The Indian Projection
Mechanical Properties of Sandwich Composites Made Using Natural Fibers and Glass Fiber Mat
R. Gopinath, K. Ganesan, and R. Poopathi
Fabrication and Characterization of Composite Membrane of Crosslinked Polyvinyl Alcohol and Hydroxyapatite for Tissue Engineering
Debapriya Banerjee, Anindya Haldar, and Piyali Basak
In-Situ Nanosilver Immobilized CS/OCMC Blend Dressings for Wound Management
Shakeel Ahmed and Saiqa Ikram
Synthesis and Characterization of Biodegradable Polyether Urethane for the Purpose of Controlled Release of Antibiotics
Anindya Haldar, Sohini Sen, Debapriya Banerjee, Nandan Kumar Jana, and Piyali Basak
Biodegradation Study of Polyurethane for Therapeutic Applications
Sohini Sen, Anindya Haldar, Nandan Kumar Jana, and Piyali Basak
Microscopy and Spectroscopy Characterization of Ecofriendly Composites and Nanocomposites
Raghvendra Kumar Mishra, V. R. Remya, Mufeeda Kandatharavintakath, Sabu Thomas, and Nandakumar Kalarikkal
Nanotechnology for Smart and Intelligent Food Packaging
Ajith James Jose and Muthukaruppan Alagar
Aneesa Padinjakkara is a Research Fellow at the International and Inter University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, India. She has presented several papers at conferences focusing on advanced materials and has participated in several workshops and seminars.
Aparna Thankappan, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the International and Inter University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, India. She has published over a dozen articles in professional journals and has presented at several conferences as well. She has co-authored several book chapters. She received her PhD in photonics from Cochin University of Science and Technology, India.
Fernando Gomes Souza, Jr., PhD, is currently Professor at the Institute of Macromolecules Professor Eloisa Mano Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IMA/UFRJ), in the Laboratory and Biopolymers, Sensors / LIPS Technology Center University City, Brazil. He is also Professor of the Civil Engineering Program of COPPE / UFRJ and a Young Scientist of the State of Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ-2015). His expertise is mainly focused on the use of renewable resources and nanocomposites in sensors, drug delivery, and environmental recovery. mDr. Souza has coordinated 10 research projects with financial support from government-sponsoring agencies. He has published 88 scientific articles, with several accepted in press now, as well as two chemistry books in Portuguese and three biomaterials book chapters in English. He has presented almost 200 papers at conferences and scientific meetings and has translated several computer programs related to educational chemistry.
Sabu Thomas, PhD, is a Professor of Polymer Science and Engineering at the School of Chemical Sciences and Director of the International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology at Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. The research activities of Professor Thomas include surfaces and interfaces in multiphase polymer blend and composite systems; phase separation in polymer blends; compatibilization of immiscible polymer blends; thermoplastic elastomers; phase transitions in polymers; nanostructured polymer blends; macro-, micro- and nanocomposites; polymer rheology; recycling; reactive extrusion; processing–morphology–property relationships in multiphase polymer systems; double networking of elastomers; natural fibers and green composites; rubber vulcanization; interpenetrating polymer networks; diffusion and transport; and polymer scaffolds for tissue engineering. He has supervised 68 PhD theses, 40 MPhil theses, and 45 Masters thesis. He has three patents to his credit. He also received the coveted Sukumar Maithy Award for the best polymer researcher in the country for the year 2008. Very recently, Professor Thomas received the MRSI and CRSI medals for his excellent work. With over 600 publications to his credit and over 23683 citations, with an h-index of 75, Dr. Thomas has been ranked fifth in India as one of the most productive scientists.
“We live in a world where we are only beginning to realize just how deeply entrenched pollution and environmental problems have become. Against this scenario of ever-increasing and alarming proportions of environmental issues, the field of biopolymers and biomaterials offers the promise and potential of accomplishing a means to tackle these issues without compromising on the very real problem of eroding our fragile ecological and environmental system further. Even with the substantial strides in progress made in this particular niche of research, it is yet still in its infancy. The research material presented in the book Biopolymers and Biomaterials provides useful substantive and informative platform for future research in environmental protection and nursing of our ecosystem. The book covers various topics such as biopolymers in the textile industry, nanotechnology for intelligent food packaging, cashew nut shell liquid-based advanced functional materials, etc., which one may not usually find in other books dealing with biomaterials. Research works like this, in fact, cater to the need of the times.”
—Laly A. Pothen, Emeritus Professor, Bishop Moore College, Mavelikara, India