As evidenced by the anthrax attacks in 2001, the SARS outbreak in 2003, and the H1N1 influenza pandemic in 2009, a pathogen does not recognize geographic or national boundaries, often leading to devastating consequences. Automated biosurveillance systems have emerged as key solutions for mitigating current and future health-related events. Focusing on this promising public health innovation, Biosurveillance: Methods and Case Studies discusses how these systems churn through vast amounts of health-related data to support epidemiologists and public health officials in the early identification, situation awareness, and response management of natural and man-made health-related events.
The book follows a natural sequence from theory to application. The initial chapters build a foundation while subsequent chapters present more applied case studies from around the world, including China, the United States, Denmark, and the Asia-Pacific region. The contributors share candid, first-hand insights on lessons learned and unresolved issues that will help chart the future of biosurveillance.
As this book illustrates, biosurveillance operates in a complex, multidimensional problem space that incorporates varied data. Capturing the progress of modern-day pioneers who are walking in John Snow’s footsteps, this volume shows how contemporary information technology can be applied to the age-old challenge of combating the spread of disease and illness.
… solidly grounded in biosurveillance practice. … chapters describe some of the exciting new sources of data, including SMS text messaging, remote sensing, and even rumour-based information sources. … excellent background or motivational reading for advanced students entering the area. It provides up-to-date illustrations of where this fast-developing field is now.
—David J. Hand, International Statistical Review, 2012
While having its roots in 21st-century infectious disease threats to health on a grand scale, biosurveillance has come to encompass a broader scope of the science and practice of managing population health-related data and information so that effective action can be taken to mitigate adverse health effects from urgent threats. This expansive scope is reflected in the diverse collection of reports and perspectives brought together in Biosurveillance: Methods and Case Studies. … This text provides an important venue for the sharing of ideas and engagement of health scientists and practitioners that will be needed to assure progress.
—From the Foreword by Daniel M. Sosin, MD, MPH, Acting Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Timeliness of Data Sources, Lynne Dailey
Simulating and Evaluating Biosurveillance Datasets, Thomas H. Lotze, Galit Shmueli, Yahav Inbal, and Robert H. Smith
Remote Sensing-Based Modeling of Infectious Disease Transmission, Richard K. Kiang, Farida Adimi, and Radina P. Soebiyanto
Integrating Human Capabilities into Biosurveillance Systems: A Study of Biosurveillance and Situation Awareness, Cheryl A. Bolstad, Haydee M. Cuevas, Jingjing Wang-Costello, Mica R. Endsley, Walton John Page, and Taha Kass-Hout
The Role of Zoos in Biosurveillance, Julia Chosy, Janice Mladonicky, and Tracey McNamara
HealthMap, Amy L. Sonricker, MPH, Clark C. Freifeld, Mikaela Keller, and John S. Brownstein
The Role of SMS Text Messaging to Improve Public Health Response, Elizabeth Avery Gomez
Using Prediction Markets to Forecast Infectious Diseases, Philip M. Polgreen and Forrest D. Nelson
The Role of Data Aggregation in Public Health and Food Safety Surveillance, Artur Dubrawski
Introduction to China’s Infectious Disease Surveillance System, Jin Shuigao and Ma Jiaqi
Biosurveillance and Public Health Practice: A Case Study of North Carolina’s NC DETECT System, S. Cornelia Kaydos-Daniels, Lucia Rojas Smith, Amy I. Ising, Clifton Barnett, Tonya Farris, Anna E. Waller, and Scott Wetterhall
Aberration Detection in R Illustrated by Danish Mortality Monitoring, Michael Höhle and Anne Mazick
User Requirements toward a Real-Time Biosurveillance Program, Nuwan Waidyanatha and Suma Prashant
Using Common Alerting Protocol to Support a Real-Time Biosurveillance Program in Sri Lanka and India, Gordon A. Gow and Nuwan Waidyanatha
Navigating the Information Storm: Web-Based Global Health Surveillance in BioCaster, Nigel Collier, Son Doan, Reiko Matsuda Goodwin, John McCrae, Mike Conway, Mika Shigematsu, and Ai Kawazoe
A Snapshot of Situation Awareness: Using the NC DETECT System to Monitor the 2007 Heat Wave, David B. Rein
Linking Detection to Effective Response, Scott F. Wetterhall, Taha Kass-Hout, and David L. Buckeridge