Biothermodynamics: Principles and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover


Principles and Applications, 1st Edition

By Mustafa Ozilgen, Esra Sorguven Oner

CRC Press

399 pages | 176 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-11-14
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Over the past several decades there has been increasing research interest in thermodynamics as applied to biological systems. This concerns topics such as muscle work and internal energy such as fat and starch. Applications of the first and second laws of thermodynamics to the human body are important to dieticians and health science experts, and applications of these concepts to the animal body are a major concern of animal scientists. This book covers these key topics, which are typically not covered in classic or traditional thermodynamics texts used in mechanical and chemical engineering.


"This book is probably the best one I have reviewed in this field so far, in terms of the depth and breadth of thermodynamic analysis conducted with biological systems. Most books are confined to solution thermodynamics approaches with minimum depth, but this one makes a good effort to be all inclusive. Incorporation of a wide variety of examples is another positive as the readers will be able to enjoy various realistic analyses conducted. Another point I appreciated is that the authors refrained from oversimplification of the example problems just to be able to solve them. I think this is a very good introductory graduate level book for a variety of disciplines."

—Alptekin Aksan, University of Minnesota, USA

"This reviewer has taught undergraduate thermodynamics to mechanical, electrical, and biomedical engineering students. This text, aimed primarily at students who have suffered through a one- or two-semester introduction to thermodynamics, offers an interesting insight into the application of these principles to inquiries involving biological and agricultural systems. Indeed, as the preface indicates, the text has been used for (primarily) mixed graduate students from mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, food engineering, medicine, genetics, and biotechnology. The text is comprised of five chapters and includes a CD that contains several MATLAB examples that are discussed in the text. With the first three chapters establishing an overview of thermodynamics and its application to both inorganic and organic systems, the stage is well set for the final two chapters, which are meant to be supplementary material for related projects based upon this text. Each chapter is well written and liberally filled with examples. Overall, this reviewer highly recommends this text for situations (courses, projects, and research) involving elucidation of the efficiencies of biological processes. It is a good contribution to the literature."

--Paul H. King, Vanderbilt University, USA

Table of Contents

Timeline and Fundamental Concepts of Thermodynamics

Why People Needed to Study Thermodynamics

Energy Resources

Fundamental Concepts

Mass Balance

Overview of the Laws of Thermodynamics

Thermodynamic Properties of Biologically Important Fluids

Introduction to Biologically Important Fluids



Ideal and Real Gases


The First Law of Thermodynamics

Energy Balance

Types of Energy

Energy Transfer Mechanisms

Formulations of the First Law of Thermodynamics

Types of Processes


A Special Form of the First Law: Bernoulli Equation

A Special Form of the First Law: Navier-Stokes Equations

Special Topic: Life-Cycle Analysis

The Second Law of Thermodynamics


Entropy Balance

Entropy Transfer Mechanisms

Formulations of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

Special Topic: Life Span Entropy

Special Topic: Information Entropy


Exergy Transfer Mechanisms

Formulations of Exergy Balance

Comparing Alternative Energy Sources

Exergy Analysis as a Method to Test Biological Hypothesis

Special Topic: Exergy Memory (Emergy)

Special Topic: Exergy of Living

About the Authors

Mustafa Ozilgen is a professor and chairperson of the Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering Departments at Yeditepe University.

Esra Sorguven is currently working in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Yeditepe University as an associate professor.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MEDICAL / Biotechnology
SCIENCE / Energy
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics