Bitemark Evidence: A Color Atlas and Text, 2nd Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Bitemark Evidence

A Color Atlas and Text, 2nd Edition, 2nd Edition

Edited by Robert B.J. Dorion

CRC Press

674 pages | 627 Color Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439818626
pub: 2011-03-16
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Experts in the field of bitemark evidence confront complexities ranging from the identification and collection of evidence, to microscopic analysis, to legal implications and courtroom admissibility. Now in its second edition, Bitemark Evidence reflects the knowledge, training, experience, opinions, and research of 27 authors from around the world to present an atlas with coverage from a range of disciplines. This comprehensive text details the protocols for photography, collection, preservation, and analysis of bitemarks and examines everything from the history of bitemark evidence, to diagnostic considerations, to expert witnesses and testimony.

New in the Second Edition:

  • A historical perspective, beginning with the earliest known bitemark references from the Bible and the Kama Sutra, up to the modern development of forensic organizations around the world
  • Updated chapter on digital photography
  • Practical tips on forensic bitemark photography
  • Processing and analysis of digital images for evidentiary purposes
  • The rationale, use, materials, and methods employed for confocal laser microscopy (CLM) and the scanning electron microscope (SEM)
  • Current issues in bitemark analysis and research, emerging technologies, and recent developments
  • Completely revamped section on research with hundreds of accompanying color photographs
  • Experimental bitemarks and histology, with data on the microscopic examination of bitemarks on fresh and frozen piglet skin and the microscopic examination of human bitemarks
  • Updated information on genotypic comparison of oral bacteria isolated from bitemarks and teeth
  • Proper steps in forming a contract with an expert witness
  • Erroneous bitemark opinions and wrongful convictions overturned by DNA evidence

Capturing the contemporary scientific understanding in the field and enhanced with more than 1,300 color photos, this atlas is the definitive guide to one of the most fascinating evidentiary domains in the forensic world.


"I salute Dr. Dorion and the many top-flight individuals involved in this effort for bringing together an awesome amount of information on an important subject in an organized fashion. The text Bitemark Evidence remains unchallenged in its field."

Gerald L. Vale, DDS, MDS, MPH, JD, D-ABFO, Past President, American Board of Forensic Odontology; Distinguished Fellow, American Academy of Forensic Sciences

" … a necessary guide for anyone involved with this field including odontologists, police investigators, lawyers, and medical examiners. The expanded second edition of Bitemark Evidence is the essential reference for bitemark analysis and comparison."

—Dr. Dirk van der Meer, B.Sc., D.M.D., Armstrong, British Columbia, in Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal

Table of Contents

Section I: A Historical Perspective

History of Bitemark Evidence; D. R. Senn

Section II: Bitemark Recognition

The Role of Health Professionals in Diagnosing Patterned Injuries from Birth to Death; J. D. McDowell

Role of the Medical Examiner, Coroner, and Pathologist; J. H.Davis

The Team Approach in Bitemark Investigation; V. F. Delattre

Section III: Description of the Bitemark

The Nature of Bitemarks; M. L. Bernstein

Reconstructive Bitemark Analysis; M. L. Bernstein

Section IV: Collection of Bitemark Evidence

A: Noninvasive Analyses

Photography; G. S. Golden and F. D. Wright

Practical Tips in Forensic Bitemark Photography; L. Gagnon

Image Processing and Analysis for Evidentiary Purposes; W. R. Oliver

Bitemarks as Biological Evidence; D. Sweet O.C.

Bitemark Impressions; R. B. J. Dorion

Microscopy Techniques; P. J. Bush

Nonperishables and Perishables; R. B. J. Dorion

Section IV: Collection of Bitemark Evidence

B: Invasive Analyses

Tissue Specimens; R. B. J. Dorion

Histology and Timing of Injury; J. H.Davis

Section V: Bitemark Variables and Cases

Animal Bites; R. R. Souviron

Carnivore Bitemarks; R. B. J. Dorion

Human Bitemarks; R. B. J. Dorion

Patterns, Lesions, and Trauma-Mimicking Bitemarks; R. B. J. Dorion and R. R. Souviron

Section VI: Research

Current Context of Bitemark Analysis and Research; M. A. Bush and P. J. Bush

Research, Emerging Technologies, and Recent Developments; R. B. J. Dorion

Experimental Bitemarks and Histology; M. Houde

Genotypic Comparison of Bacterial DNA Recovered from Bitemarks and Teeth; G. R. Tompkins

Section VII: Collection of Evidence from the Suspect

The Suspect; L. T. Johnson

Section VIII: Methods of Comparison

Methods of Comparison; J. C. Dailey

Section IX: The Reports

Bitemark Report; M. L. Bernstein

Section X: Prevention and Contamination

Precautionary Measures; P. G. Stimson

Section XI: Legal Considerations and the Courtroom

Science and the Law; R. A. Mincer and H. H. Mincer

Case Law; R. E. Barsley

Contracting with the Expert Witness; R. D. Metcalf

Courtroom Aids in Bitemark Evidence; J. P. Kenney

Legal Liability of an Expert Witness; H. M. Pitluck

Wrongful Convictions and Erroneous Bitemark Opinions; I. A. Pretty and C. M. Bowers

Section XII: Contentious Issues

Reliability of Bitemark Analysis; I. A. Pretty

Resolving Issues in Bitemark Analysis; I. A. Pretty

Section XIII: Appendices

Appendix 1: ABFO Bitemark Analysis Guidelines—Outline

Appendix 2: ABFO Guidelines for Investigative and Final Bitemark Reports

Appendix 3: Bitemark Checklist—Bitemark Recipient

Appendix 4: Bitemark Checklist—Suspected Biter

Appendix 5: Sample Consent Form

Appendix 6: Dental Nomenclature


About the Series

International Forensic Science and Investigation

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW / Forensic Science
MEDICAL / Pathology