Britain has a long and distinguished history as an Olympic nation. However, most Olympic histories have focused on men’s sport. This is the first book to tell the story of Britain’s Olympic women, how they changed Olympic spectacle and how, in turn, they have reinterpreted the Games.
Exploring the key themes of gender and nationalism, and presenting a wealth of new empirical, archival evidence, the book explores the sporting culture produced by British women who aspired to become Olympians, from the early years of the modern Olympic movement. It shines new light on the frameworks imposed on female athletes, individually and as a group, by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the British Olympic Association (BOA) and the various affiliated sporting international federations. Using oral history and family history sources, the book tells of the social processes through which British Olympic women have become both heroes and anti- eroes in the public consciousness. Exploring the hidden narratives around women such as Charlotte Cooper, Lottie Dod, Audrey Brown and Pat Smythe, and bringing the story into the modern era of London 2012, Dina Asher- mith and Katarina Johnson- hompson, the book helps us to better understand the complicated relationship between sport, gender, media and wider society.
This is fascinating reading for anybody with an interest in sport history, Olympic history, women’s history, British history or gender studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Britain and The Olympic Movement
1 British Olympic Pioneers 1900-1912: Chattie, Lottie and Jennie
2 The Olympic Inter-War Revival and the British Olympic Association: Gladys Carson and the 1924 Paris Games
3 The First All-Female British Olympic Team at Lake Placid, USA in 1932: Mollie, Joan, Cecilia, and Megan
4 The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games: How Gender and Politics Shaped the Career of Athlete Audrey Brown
5 Austerity and the Second London Olympic Games in 1948: How Margaret Wellington Swam to Fame as ‘The Peppy Kid’
6 Elizabeth II, Britain and Olympic Cold War Rivalries: Equestrian Pat Smythe and the New Elizabethans 1952-1960
7 Britain’s Olympic Golden Girls and The Changing Media Industry 1964-1984: The Decline of Amateurism and The Rise of Sports Medicine
8 Olympic Legacies: Lottery Funding, Professional Sport, Diversity and Fame
Appendix 1 Great British Female Team at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria and the 1964 Summer Olympic Games, Tokyo
Appendix 2 Great British Olympic Women’s Team at the 1968 Mexico Summer Olympic Games and the Grenoble Winter Games
Appendix 3 Great Britain’s Female Team at the 1972 Summer Olympic Games in Munich, West Germany and the 1972 Winter Olympics in Sapporo, Japan
Appendix 4 Great Britain’s Female Team at the 1976 Summer Olympic Games in Montréal, Canada and the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria
Appendix 5 Great Britain’s Female Team at the 1980 Summer Olympic Games in Moscow, USSR and the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, USA
Appendix 6 Great Britain’s Female Team at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, USA and the 1984 Winter Olympics
Jean Williams is Professor of Sport at the Institute of Sport and Human Sciences, University of Wolverhampton, UK. She is also Non Executive Director at The Silverstone Motor Sport Museum.