British Infantry Battalion Commanders in the First World War (Hardback) book cover

British Infantry Battalion Commanders in the First World War

By Peter E. Hodgkinson

© 2015 – Routledge

264 pages

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pub: 2016-03-18
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Description

Recent studies of the British Army during the First World War have fundamentally overturned historical understandings of its strategy and tactics, yet the chain of command that linked the upper echelons of GHQ to the soldiers in the trenches remains poorly understood. In order to reconnect the lines of communication between the General Staff and the front line, this book examines the British army’s commanders at battalion level, via four key questions: (i) How and where resources were found from the small officer corps of 1914 to cope with the requirement for commanding officers (COs) in the expanding army; (ii) What was the quality of the men who rose to command; (iii) Beyond simple overall quality, exactly what qualities were perceived as making an effective CO; and (iv) To what extent a meritocracy developed in the British army by the Armistice. Based upon a prosopographical analysis of a database over 4,000 officers who commanded infantry battalions during the war, the book tackles one of the central historiographical issues pertaining to the war: the qualities of the senior British officer. In so doing it challenges lingering popular conceptions of callous incompetence, as well more scholarly criticism that has derided the senior British officer, but has done so without a data-driven perspective. Through his thorough statistical analysis Dr Peter Hodgkinson adds a valuable new perspective to the historical debate underway regarding the nature of British officers during the extraordinary expansion of the Army between 1914 and 1918, and the remarkable, yet often forgotten, British victories of The Hundred Days.

Reviews

'This is an ambitious and rich study by Peter E. Hodgkinson, whose prosopographical analysis of the British army’s commanding officers (COs) addresses four central questions: Who were these men? How competent were they at their posts? What qualities made them good officers? And did the British army create a meritocracy by the end of the war? …This is a remarkable piece of scholarship, a fine example of the Birmingham school of military history.' - Geoffrey Hayes, University of Waterloo, H-Net: Humanities and Social Science Reviews Online

Table of Contents

Introduction; Old contemptibles; Dug-outs; Attrition and change in command; Evolution of command in the integrated army; Hiring and firing; ‘Men to be followed, feared and loved’; ‘Professional men of war’; The hundred days: meritocracy in command?; Conclusion; Bibliography; Indexes.

About the Author

Peter Hodgkinson is a Clinical Psychologist with a life-long interest in the First World War. He was one of the first graduates of the MA in British First World War Studies in 2006, and subsequently studied for a PhD in the Department of War Studies. He is the author a range of psychology articles and the book ’Coping with Catastrophe’ second edition (Routledge, 1998); and of ’Clearing the Dead’, in the online journal of the Birmingham University Centre for First World War Studies, Sept. 2007 Vol 3:1; and ’The Infantry Commanding Officers of the British Expeditionary Force of 1914’, in S. Jones ed. ’Stemming the Tide’, to be published by Helion (2013).

About the Series

Routledge Studies in First World War History

The First World War is a subject of perennial interest to historians and is often regarded as a watershed event, marking the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the 'modern' industrial world. The sheer scale of the conflict and massive loss of life means that it is constantly being assessed and reassessed to examine its lasting military, political, sociological, industrial, cultural and economic impact. Reflecting the latest international scholarly research, the Ashgate Studies in First World War History series provides a unique platform for the publication of monographs on all aspects of the Great War. Whilst the main thrust of the series is on the military aspects of the conflict, other related areas (including cultural, visual, literary, political and social) are also addressed. Books published are aimed primarily at a post-graduate academic audience, furthering exciting recent interpretations of the war, whilst still being accessible enough to appeal to a wider audience of educated lay readers.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS027000
HISTORY / Military / General
HIS037070
HISTORY / Modern / 20th Century