Bubbles, Drops, and Particles in Non-Newtonian Fluids: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Bubbles, Drops, and Particles in Non-Newtonian Fluids

2nd Edition

By R.P. Chhabra

CRC Press

771 pages | 204 B/W Illus.

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Description

Bubbles, Drops, and Particles in Non-Newtonian Fluids, Second Edition continues to provide thorough coverage of the scientific foundations and the latest advances in particle motion in non-Newtonian media. The book demonstrates how dynamic behavior of single particles can yield useful information for modeling transport processes in complex multiphase flows.

Completely revised and expanded, this second edition covers macroscopic momentum and heat/mass transfer from a single rigid or fluid particle or ensembles of particles involving strong inter-particle interactions including packed beds, fluidized beds, and porous media with different types of non-Newtonian fluids. It reflects advances made since the publication of the previous, bestselling edition with new material on topics such as extensional flow; time-independent, time-dependent and visco-elastic fluids; free settling behavior of non-spherical particles; and particle motion in visco-elastic and visco-plastic fluids, boundary layer flows, flows in porous media, and falling object rheometry.

An excellent reference and handbook dealing with the technological aspects of non-Newtonian materials encountered in nature and in technology, this book highlights qualitative differences between the response of a Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids in the complex flows encountered in processing applications.

Reviews

"Chhabra has again successfully drawn on his extensive experience and vast knowledge of the literature to offer the readers an excellent, expanded and fully updated review of some of the most important research dealing with this subject . . . well written and exceptionally useful reference book that anyone interested in particle non-Newtonian systems should have."

– Jalel Azaiez, University of Calgary, in Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, April 2007, Vol. 85

"The comprehensiveness of this volume is staggering, and in this respect the author has provided a compendium not even approximately matched elsewhere. Even in this age of instant retrieval, it is impressive that one person could be aware of the range of work described by Professor Chhabra."

– William R. Schowalter, Department of Chemical Engineering, Princeton University, in AiChE Journal, 2008, Vol. 54, No. 11

PRAISE FOR THE FIRST EDITION:

- Trans. I. Chemical Engineers (UK)

"…This book would be an excellent addition to the reading list in a typical graduate-level course on non-Newtonian fluid mechanics…."

- Chemical Engineering Science

"…a comprehensive critical evaluation of the voluminous literature…An excellent standard reference in the area."

-Journal Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics

"…well referenced and easy to read… an excellent source for engineers working within this field."

- Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering

"…a valuable and well written book… well recommended to those who are beginning a study of the issues that surround the complex flow of non-Newtonian fluids in particulate systems."

- AIChE Journal

"…an excellent reference book with extensive author and subject indices and which contains material that we all require and use from time-to-time but which is normally not available from a single source."

- Rheologica Acta

Table of Contents

Preface

Preface to the First Edition

Acknowledgements

About the Author

INTRODUCTION, SCOPE, AND ORGANIZATION

NON-NEWTONIAN FLUID BEHAVIOR

Definition of a Newtonian Fluid

Non-Newtonian Fluids: Definition, Examples of Different Types, Mathematical Models

Dimensional Considerations in the Mechanics of Viscoelastic Fluids

Experimental Techniques: Rheometry

RIGID PARTICLES IN TIME-INDEPENDENT FLUIDS WITHOUT A YIELD STRESS

Governing Equations for a Sphere

Spherical Particles in Newtonian Fluids

Spheres in Shear-thinning Fluids

Spheres in Shear-thickening Fluids

Light Spheres Rising in Pseudoplastic Media

Pressure Drop due to a Settling Sphere

Non-Spherical Particles

RIGID PARTICLES IN VISCOPLASTIC FLUIDS

Static Equilibrium of Particles

Flow Field: Shape and size of flow zones

Drag Force

Role of Values of Yield stress used in correlations

Time Effects

RIGID PARTICLES IN VISCOELASTIC FLUIDS

Flow over a sphere

Flow over a cylinder

Other Studies Involving Interactions Between Non-Newtonian Characteristics, Particle Shape, Flow Field, etc.

FLUID PARTICLES IN NON-NEWTONIAN MEDIA

Formation of Fluid Particles

Shapes of Bubbles and Drops in Free Rise or Fall

Terminal Velocity-Volume Behavior in Free Motion

Drag Behavior of Single Particles

Bubble and Drops Ensembles in Free Motion

Coalescence of Bubbles and Drops

Breakage of Drops

Motion and Deformation of Bubbles and Drops in Confined Flows

NON-NEWTONIAN FLUID FLOW IN POROUS MEDIA AND PACKED BEDS

Porous Medium Definition, Examples and Characterization

Flow of Newtonian Fluids

Flow of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Miscellaneous Effects

Two Phase Gas/Liquid Flow

FLUIDIZATION AND HINDERED SETTLING

Two-Phase Fluidization

Sedimentation or Hindered Settling

Three Phase Fluidized Beds

MOMENTUM, HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER IN BOUNDARY LAYER FLOWS

Boundary Layer Flows

Viscoelastic Effects in Boundary Layers

Mass Transfer from Bubbles

Mass Transfer from Drops

Mass Transfer from Ensembles of Bubbles and Drops

Heat and Mass Transfer in Fixed Beds

Heat and Mass Transfer in Fluidized Beds

Heat and Mass Transfer in Three Phase Fluidized Beds

Heat Transfer from Tube Bundles

WALL EFFECTS

Definition

For Rigid Spheres

For Non-Spherical Particles

For Drops and Bubbles

FALLING OBJECT RHEOMETRY

Falling Ball Method

Rolling Ball Method

Rotating Sphere Viscometer

Falling Cylinder Viscometer

*All Chapters contain Introduction, Summary and Nomenclature sections

References

Subject index

Author index

About the Series

Chemical Industries

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical