1st Edition

Building Knowledge, Constructing Histories, volume 2 Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Construction History (6ICCH 2018), July 9-13, 2018, Brussels, Belgium

    Building Knowledge, Constructing Histories brings together the papers presented at the Sixth International Congress on Construction History (6ICCH, Brussels, Belgium, 9-13 July 2018). The contributions present the latest research in the field of construction history, covering themes such as:
    - Building actors
    - Building materials
    - The process of building
    - Structural theory and analysis
    - Building services and techniques
    - Socio-cultural aspects
    - Knowledge transfer
    - The discipline of Construction History

    The papers cover various types of buildings and structures, from ancient times to the 21st century, from all over the world. In addition, thematic papers address specific themes and highlight new directions in construction history research, fostering transnational and interdisciplinary collaboration.

    Building Knowledge, Constructing Histories is a must-have for academics, scientists, building conservators, architects, historians, engineers, designers, contractors and other professionals involved or interested in the field of construction history.

    This is volume 2 of the book set.

    VOLUME 2

    Pier Luigi Nervi and Fiat. The expansion of Officine Mirafiori in Turin
    L. Greco

    The vaulted roof of San Vittore in Milan: An unusual sixteenth-century construction
    A. Grimoldi

    The evolution of the cast node of the Pompidou Centre: From the ‘friction collar’ to the ‘gerberette’
    B. Hamzeian

    German stonemasons and the fort architecture of the Texas frontier
    L. Hancock

    The Chinese teahouse at the 1873 Vienna world exposition
    A. Harrer

    Documenting depression-era construction: The University of Virginia’s PWA buildings
    B.J. Hays

    King’s College Chapel: The geometry of the fan vault
    J. Heyman

    Late Antique vaults in the cisterns of Resafa with ‘bricks set in squares’
    C. Hof

    Evolutionary traces in European nail-making tools
    C. How

    Arch bridge design in eighteenth-century France: The rule of Perronet
    S. Huerta

    ‘Recommended minimum requirements for small dwelling construction’. A forgotten ancestor of the modern USA building code
    N.P. Isaacs

    Earthen buildings in Ireland
    A. Jiménez Rios & D.W. O’Dwyer

    Iron on top. The use of wrought iron armatures in the construction of late Gothic openwork spires
    C. Kayser

    The Munich state opera house. Constructing between tradition and progress at the beginning of the nineteenth century
    C. Knobling

    The roof of the Marble Palace in Saint-Petersburg: A structural iron ensemble from the 1770s
    A. Kosykh, W. Lorenz & K. Frommelt

    Modernity and locality in the use of brick in Spanish architecture (1870s–1930s)
    R. Kumagai, Y. Ito & F. Kimura

    Study of traditional gypsum in Spain: Methodology and initial results
    V. La Spina

    Interdisciplinary research on the heritage of housing complexes in France (1945–75)
    R. Labrunye, G. Bolle, K. El Alami, I. Requena & D. Siret

    Earthen mortar walls in Cremona: The complexity and logic behind a construction technique
    A.G. Landi

    Geometry and proportions of the medieval castles of Latvia
    A. Lapins

    New typology for Old & Middle Kingdom stone tools: Studies in the Hatnub quarries in Egypt
    O. Lavigne

    Luigi Moretti and the program of the case albergo in Milan (1947–50)
    R. Lucente & L. Greco

    Hydrotechnical models of the ‘Modellkammer’ (chamber of models) in Augsburg, Germany
    R. Mair & C. Weber

    Abandonment of sexpartite vaults: Construction difficulties and evolution
    R. Maira Vidal

    Late Gothic constructions in Müstair and Meran
    M. Maissen, M. Gantner & S.M. Holzer

    Built-in, exposed or concealed comfort services. Attempts to industrialise collective housing after 1945
    G. Marino

    The Portland cement industry and reinforced concrete in Portugal (1860–1945)
    J. Mascarenhas-Mateus & C. Rodrigues de Castro

    Origins of the modern cable-stayed bridge: The Dischinger story
    R. May

    Frederick Lanchester and the invention of the air-supported roof
    W. McLean

    Catetinho: The first presidential house in Brasília, Brazil
    M.M. Mennucci & P.P. Palazzo

    Some aspects of steel building construction of the industrial architecture in the United States (1890–1930)
    M. Mislin

    Iron bridges for Rome, the capital of the Kingdom of Italy
    R. Morganti, A. Tosone, M. Abita & D. Di Donato

    The hyperbolic paraboloids of the Tor di Valle racetrack in Rome
    S. Mornati

    The secret of zoomorphic imposts: A new reading of the Achaemenids’ roofing system
    M. Motamedmanesh

    The dome of Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis in Paris, a historical and structural analysis
    L. Moubax & K. De Jonge

    Braided rope with vegetable fibers for the construction of the Inca bridge of Q’eswachaka (Peru)
    E. Muscio & J. Anaya Díaz

    Church of Mission San José, San Antonio: Using construction history to inform preservation approaches
    A. Nau & Q. Collette

    Knowledge transfer in vaulting. The Assier church and Valencian stonecutting
    P. Navarro-Camallonga, J. Calvo-López & M.A. Alonso-Rodríguez

    Nineteenth-century stone protection: The invention and early research on fluosilicates and their dispersion into Europe
    T.G. Nijland & W.J. Quist

    The Boyne Viaduct: Early indeterminate lattice girder analysis and design
    D.W. O’Dwyer & R. Cox

    Sixteenth-century development from common rafter roofs to ridge purlins in Leiden (NL)
    E. Orsel

    European iron bridges in Puerto Rico: The example of the Guamaní bridge
    J. Ortiz-Colom

    Accouplement: Vicissitudes of an architectural motif in classical France
    P.P. Palazzo

    Fabrication and erection of large steel bridges in the twentieth century: From structural analysis to optimisation of fabrication
    E. Pelke & K.-E. Kurrer

    Production of major public works in Brazil: From the scenes in documentaries from 1950–70 to an interrogation about the contemporary specificities of state-company relations
    G.M. Petrella & C.H. D’Almeida

    Early Greek stone construction and the invention of the crane
    A. Pierattini

    Experimental school constructions by Jean Prouvé. The benefit of closed prefabrication
    A.L. Pöllinger

    Sheltered. Parked. Respirated. Three underground spaces by Gottfried Schindler
    A.W. Putz

    Dutch natural stone: Interpretation of a vernacular building material in modern architecture
    W.J. Quist

    Late Gothic system in the church of Saint-Séverin (Paris)
    E. Rabasa-Díaz

    Recent geopolitics of construction – origins and consequences
    A. Rabeneck

    Pier Luigi Nervi’s idea of “vertita delle strutture
    P. Radelet-de Grave

    ‘Theory’ and systematic testings – Emil Mörsch, Carl bach and the culture of experimentation into reinforced concrete construction at the turn of the twentieth century
    C. Rauhut & T. Meyer

    A timber bridge constructed in seventeenth-century Japan: Study of innovation in the construction of Kintai Bridge and its maintenance techniques
    C. Ren

    François Coignet (1814–88) and the industrial development of the first modern concretes in France
    G. Richaud

    Assessing geometrically the structural safety of masonry arches
    J.-F. Rondeaux, A. Deschuyteneer & D. Zastavni

    A masterpiece in the use of light, Johnson Wax headquarters. Racine, Wisconsin, USA
    G. Sampaoli

    The Church of Peace in Jawor: A few remarks on the organization of its construction in the years 1654–56 in the light of written and iconographic sources
    U. Schaaf

    Nubia vernacular: The villages of Bigge
    B. Schäfer

    Beyond Grubenmann: Swiss carpentry (1750–1850)
    J. Schäfer & S.M. Holzer

    Transfer of knowledge through books and prints: Jesuit design for the Western buildings and fountains in the Yuanmingyuan in Beijing
    H. Schlimme

    Earthquake-resistant foundations systems in Italy in the first decade of the twentieth century
    F. Scibilia

    Specifications and the standardisation of Ireland’s local harbours
    E. Shotton

    Fire brick in China: From mining to architecture
    C.-X. Shu & Y.-B. Fang

    New experiences with reinforced tile for Eladio Dieste when building the Cristo Obrero Church
    M. Silva-Contreras

    Competing visions of community, commerce and construction in the first Ohio River railroad bridge
    D.A. Simmons

    Knowledge transfer in the early medieval art of vaulting in Dalmatia
    M. Šimunić Buršić

    Onsite precast concrete: A critical approach to concrete at the Faculty of Engineering, Prince of Songkha University, Thailand
    P. Sirikiatikul

    Adobe constructions in Yún-lín county, Taiwan
    P. Smars

    The vaulted system of the Basilica of S. Ambrogio in Milan: A cross-feature in the Basilica’s life. Restoration and interpretation
    C. Stanga & C. Spinelli

    At the intersection of foreign building know-how: Plovdiv in the early twentieth century
    I. Stoyanova

    The influence of Howe’s structural typology on Galician wooden bridges
    C. Tardini

    The mushroom column: Origins, concepts and differences
    A. Thuy & M. Rinke

    The thirties summer holiday camps in the Abruzzo region: From design to building
    A. Tosone, R. Morganti & A. Bellicoso

    The first Luanda’s skyscraper: Comfort through natural and artificial control methods
    A. Tostoes & M. Quinta

    Victor Horta and building site photography
    D. Van de Vijver

    Business-card buildings: Corporate architecture and promotional strategies in buildings and projects for Eternit in Belgium (1955–75)
    S. Van de Voorde & R. Devos

    The foundations of the Nieuwe Kerk Tower in Amsterdam (1645–52)
    G. van Tussenbroek

    Joining techniques in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Belgian timber roofs
    L. Vandenabeele, I. Bertels & I. Wouters

    Education on the production chain: Lelé’s transitory schools in Brazil
    A. Vilela

    Innovations in the structural systems in tall buildings in Bogotá in the 1960s. Case study: Bavaria building
    C. Villate Matiz

    William Arrol and Peter Lind: Demolition, construction and workmanship on London’s Waterloo Bridges (1934–46)
    C. Wall

    Reverse engineering marvelous machines: The design of Late Gothic vaults from concept to stone planning and the prehistory of stereotomy
    D. Wendland & M.J. Ventas Sierra

    Emergence of heavy contracting in the United States in the nineteenth century
    S.E. Wermiel

    Hidden modernity: Reinforced concrete trusses in Brussels parish churches (1935–40)
    R. Wibaut, T. Coomans & I. Wouters

    Built to stock. Versatility of Hennebique’s urban warehouses in Belgium (1892–1914)
    I. Wouters, S. Van de Voorde, M. De Fossé & I. Bertels


    Ine Wouters (°1972) holds a MSc degree in Architectural Engineering (Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) 1996) and a PhD in Engineering (VUB 2002). After a short stay at PHL, she built up her research career in the Faculty of Engineering at VUB. She is head of the Department of Architectural Engineering since 2011. Her research focuses on historic building materials, innovative construction techniques and the various actors involved to better understand, value and interact with the nineteenth and twentieth century architectural and industrial heritage. She is co-founder of the research centre Construction HistorieS Brussels (CHsB) and a member of the English Construction History Society (CHS), the International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage (TICCIH), the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS Vlaanderen-Brussel), the Gesellschaft für Bautechnikgeschichte and the Flemish Association for Industrial Archaeology (VVIA). In 2011-13 she co-organised the first three European Summer Schools on Construction History in Cambridge, Brussels and Munich.

    Stephanie Van de Voorde (°1981) is specialized in 20th-century architectural and construction history in Belgium, focusing on building materials and building actors. After her MSc degree in architectural engineering (Ghent University 2005), she wrote a PhD on Building in Concrete in Belgium (1890-1975). Interplay of Knowledge, Experiment and Innovation (Ghent University, 2011). Since then, Stephanie conducted several research projects, for instance on the history of architectural education in Belgium and post-war construction materials and building techniques (www.postwarbuildingmaterials.be). From 2013 onwards, Stephanie works at the Department of Architectural Engineering of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel as a professor and post-doctoral researcher. Stephanie is an Expert Member of ICOMOS International Scientific Committee 20th Century (ISC20C) and member of the research team Construction HistorieS Brussels (CHsB), the editorial board of the bimonthly journal M&L. Monumenten, Landschappen en Archeologie, of the Construction History Society, Docomomo, and the Association Francophone de l'Histoire de la Construction.

    Inge Bertels (°1976) is a historian (KU Leuven, 1998) and master in Conservation (R. Lemaire Centre for Conservation KU Leuven, 2000). Simultaneous with her studies in conservation she worked as an architectural historian at the Antwerp Architect’s offices R. Steenmeijer & H. Baksteen (1999-2000). From October 2000 to October 2006 she was related to the R. Lemaire Centre and the research group Architectural History of the Department of Architecture, Urbanism and Planning of the KU Leuven. Later on she worked as a postdoctoral fellow of the Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek at the Centre of Urban History at the Department of History of the Universiteit Antwerpen. In 2008 she gradually started teaching architectural history and theory at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and today combines a professorship at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and Universiteit Antwerpen.

    Bernard Espion (°1956) is Professor of Structural Engineering at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) where he is also the Director of the Civil Engineering Laboratory. He is a founding member of "Construction HistorieS Brussels" ULB-VUB joint research group. His main research interests in Construction History lie in structures (reinforced and prestressed concrete, composite steel-concrete, cable roofs, thin concrete shells, bridges, ...), materials and construction processes (cement and concretes, iron and steel, connections, …), historical evolution of structural theories and design concepts, especially by Belgian engineers, contractors and companies, 19-20th Centuries. He contributes to the promotion of Belgian civil and building engineering heritage by publications, lectures and contributions to exhibitions. He has been member from 2013 to 2017 of the editorial board of the international journal "Engineering History and Heritage" and of the working group "Construction History" of the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering.

    Krista De Jonge (°1959) is specialized in late mediaeval and early modern architectural history in the Low Countries. She trained in architectural engineering at KU Leuven and in early modern history and history of architecture at the Centre d’Études supérieures de la Renaissance in Tours, France. Since 2001 she is full professor of history of architecture at KU Leuven and currently chairs its research Department of Architecture. She is also an elected member of the Academia Europaea, the Royal Flemish Academy for Science and the Arts, the Royal Academy of Archaeology of Belgium, and the National Committee for the History of Science and Logic of Belgium; moreover, she is or was an advisor to the Academia Belgica in Rome, to FWO Vlaanderen and to the Fondation de la Recherche Scientifique, Belgium, to the Royal Institute of Heritage, Brussels, and to the Centre d’Études supérieures de la Renaissance in Tours, France. She was a fellow of the Centre André Chastel, INHA, Paris, and a member of the Royal Commission of Monuments and Sites in the Brussels Capital Region. Her research interests within the field of construction history include gothic vaulting techniques, dome construction, masonry and foundations, as well as the organisation of the building site and the development of the building professions in the early modern period.

    Denis Zastavni (°1973) is Dr. Arch. Eng. and Professor at the Faculty of Architecture, Architectural Engineering and Urbanism [LOCI] of the Université catholique de Louvain at Louvain-la-Neuve in Belgium. He has worked as a structural engineer and architect for over ten years. His PhD was on Robert Maillart’s design methods and he won the Premio Edoardo Benvenuto in 1998. His main publications are on structural design, pedagogical approaches in teaching structure and technology, and Robert Maillart’s designs. His current research is focused on structural design approaches and tools, analysis of historical structures, history of the design of structures and construction, graphic statics, timber constructions and on deepening his knowledge of Robert Maillart’s structural methods.