In a global economy, multinational companies often operate in jurisdictions where governments are either unable or unwilling to uphold even the basic human rights of their citizens. The expectation that companies respect human rights in their own operations and in their business relationships is now a business reality that corporations need to respond to.
Business and Human Rights: From Principles to Practice is the first comprehensive and interdisciplinary textbook that addresses these issues. It examines the regulatory framework that grounds the business and human rights debate and highlights the business and legal challenges faced by companies and stakeholders in improving respect for human rights, exploring such topics as:
- the regulatory framework that grounds the business and human rights debate
- challenges faced by companies and stakeholders in improving human rights
- industry-specific human rights standards
- current mechanisms to hold corporations to account
- future challenges for business and human rights
With supporting case studies throughout, this text provides an overview of current themes in the field and guidance on practical implementation, demonstrating that a thorough understanding of the human rights challenges faced by business is now vital in any business context.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: The Relationship of Human Rights to Business 1.1 Business and Human Rights in Context (Justine Nolan) 1.2 Making the Business Case for Human Rights: An Assessment (Dorothee Baumann-Pauly & Michael Posner) 1.3 Bhopal: The Saga Continues 31 Years on (Surya Deva) 1.4 Rana Plaza: The Collapse of a Factory in Bangladesh and its Ramifications for the Global Garment Industry (Justine Nolan) Chapter 2: The Evolution of Business & Human Rights 2.1 Mapping the Movement: The Business and Human Rights Regulatory Framework (Justine Nolan) 2.2 The United Nations "Protect, Respect, Remedy" Framework and Guiding Principles (Chip Pitts) 2.3 Incorporating Human Rights: Lessons Learned, and Next Steps (John Gerard Ruggie) 2.4 Towards a Business and Human Rights Treaty? (Arvind Ganesan) Chapter 3: Business and Human Rights: Implementation Challenges 3.1 From Side Show to Main Act: Can Business and Human Rights Save Corporate Responsibility? (Florian Wettstein) 3.2 Implementing Human Rights in Global Business – High Performance with High Integrity (Ben Heineman) 3.3 Human Rights "Intrapreneurs": Challenges and Keys to Success (Christine Bader) 3.4 The Social License – One Way of Thinking about Business and Human Rights (John Morrison) 3.5 Salient Human Rights Issues: When Severe Risks to People Intersect with Risks to Business (Caroline Rees and Rachel Davis) Chapter 4: Defining & Implementing Human Rights Standards Industry by Industry 4.1 Setting and Enforcing Industry-Specific Standards for Human Rights – the Role of Multi-stakeholder Initiatives (MSIs) in Regulating Corporate Conduct (Dorothee Baumann-Pauly, Justine Nolan, Sarah Labowitz & Auret van Heerden) 4.2 The Fair Labor Association (FLA) – Improving Workers Rights in Global Supply Chains (Auret van Heerden) 4.3 The Global Network Initiative – How Can Companies in the Information and Communications Technology Industry Respect Human Rights? (Michael Samway) 4.4 Extractives and Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives:The Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights; The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative & The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (Scott Jerbi) 4.5 The Emergence of the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (Anne-Marie Buzatu) 4.6 Standard Setting for Agriculture (Michael Posner) 4.7 The Coalition of Immokalee Workers and the Campaign for Fair Food: The Evolution of a Business and Human Rights Campaign (Joanne Bauer) Chapter 5: Key constituents that drive the implementation of Business and Human Rights 5.1 The Role of Civil Society in Business and Human Rights (Chris Jochnick & Louis Bickford) 5.2 Workers [Title tbc] (Barbara Shailor) 5.3 Shopping for a Better World: How Consumer Decisions Can Help to Promote Sustainability and Human Rights (Guido Palazzo, Felicitas Morhart & Judith Schrempf-Stirling) 5.4 Investors: Models and Strategies for Engaging with Human Rights (Mary Dowell-Jones) 5.5 Thinking Long-Term: Investment Strategies and Responsibility (Mattie Bekink) 5.6 Investors and Human Rights: Values, Risk and Materiality (Bennett Freeman) Chapter 6: Accountability and Remedy Mechanisms 6.1 The Meaning of accountability (Simon Zadek) 6.2 Business and Human Rights Litigation in United States Courts Before and After Kiobel (William Dodge) 6.3 Holding Multinational Corporations Accountable for Human Rights Violations: Litigation outside the United States (Christine Kaufmann) 6.4 Access to Remedy: Non-Judicial Grievance Mechanism (Kristen Genovese) 6.5 The Rise of Non-Financial Disclosure: Reporting on Respect for Human Rights (Amol Mehra & Sara Blackwell) 6.6 Mandatory Human Rights Reporting (Anthony Ewing) Chapter 7: Global Rules, Private Actors: Future Challenges for Business and Human Rights 7.1 We Live in a World of Global Supply Chains (Richard M. Locke) 7.2 The Future of Business and Human Rights: Challenges and Opportunities (Dorothee Baumann-Pauly, Sarah Labowitz, Justine Nolan and Michael Posner)
Dorothée Baumann-Pauly is Research Director at the NYU Stern Center for Business and Human Rights, New York and an editor of the Business and Human Rights Journal.
Justine Nolan is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of New South Wales and Deputy Director of the Australian Human Rights Centre. She is a Visiting Scholar at NYU Stern Center for Business and Human Rights and an editor of the Business and Human Rights Journal.
"An important contribution to a vital subject, this excellent primer on business and human rights offers valuable insight for both current and future practitioners. Recognizing the challenges and preparing effectively are vital to drive responsible and sustainable business."
Paul Polman – Chief Executive Officer, Unilever
"Baumann-Pauly and Nolan have written an important and ambitious book, tackling a topic that remains increasingly urgent and still understudied: how to integrate human rights concerns into global business. The editors skillfully examine the complex history of this topic and sketch out a number of realistic strategies that stakeholders can use to bring human rights issues more forcefully into the corporate environment. The book will be a useful tool for educating both future and current business leaders."
Debora Spar - President, Barnard College, Columbia University, New York, USA.